Portugal - A Major European Power <ul><li>In the 15 th and 16 th Centuries, Portugal was a powerful European country. </li></ul><ul><li>Under the patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator, maritime exploration was encouraged to discover new lands for the purposes of trade and profit, which continued on after his death in 1460. </li></ul><ul><li>During this time, the Portuguese people ruled a massive empire of millions of people in the Americas, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>They were the first Europeans to reach China and Japan, and traded extensively with these countries at this time. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Portuguese territories under the rule of King John III (Green) 1521 – 1557 </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese spice trade routes (blue) </li></ul>
Vasco da Gama This famous Portuguese explorer successfully reached India in 1498, thus eliminating the spice trade monopoly the Muslims had previously enjoyed.
Catarina de Monte Sinay <ul><li>She lived in a time of extreme corruption in the church and state, and used slaves to make her candy. </li></ul><ul><li>She died in 1758 while waiting for the Archbishop to grant a special dispensation to “save her soul,” as she had never received permission for any of her non-church related endeavors. </li></ul><ul><li>As Portuguese American nun in Brazil, </li></ul><ul><li>she amassed a huge fortune working </li></ul><ul><li>“ on the side” as businesswoman; lending money, </li></ul><ul><li>buying real estate, and selling candy. </li></ul>
Damiana de Cunha, Sertanista <ul><li>Born as a Caiapo Indian princess in Brazil in the 1780’s, she was taken in by the Portuguese governor of her province, and raised in the European fashion, and later returned to her village to live as a domestic Indian. </li></ul><ul><li>During the course of her life, she served as a bridge between the Caiapo Indians and the Portuguese settlers, and made several attempts to assimilate her resistant Caiapo people into the Portuguese colonial world as a “domestic Indian.” </li></ul>
Antonio de Gouvela “Bad Christian” and “Saver of Himself” As a corrupt Priest and opportunist, he scandalized the Christian gentry and native Indians in Portugal and the colonial frontiers of Brazil and was presented to the Lisbon Inquisition on charges of outrageous and unethical behavior. Although he was sent back to Portugal and interrogated by the inquisitors, he was not found to be an imposter, however, he remained incarcerated and was not allowed to be released to prove his innocence. Gouvela lived by his wits and “tried his hand at a number of vocations in superficial ways that were foreign to moral principles.”