The Ottoman Empire, the second six years later, the Constitution of the First World War started. Starting in 1914, joined the First World War, the world's major states. At the end of four years of war with us, which was defeated in the states. According to the rules of war we have been defeated. Our country is British, Greeks, French, Italians Posted by.
Nation believing, trusting, Mustafa Kemal Pasha came to Samsun on May 19, 1919. Erzurum and Sivas congresses held. Mustafa Kemal Pasha, "there is a single sovereignty, it is also national sovereignty. The country again, the nation will recover their strength." he said. Representatives from around the country, nation-members of parliament gathered in the Grand National Assembly in Ankara on-April 23, 1920. The Assembly elected the president, Mustafa Kemal Pasha. National Liberation War under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Pasha, the Grand National Assembly started. They put their communities on the one hand against the enemy in the region. On the other hand, regular armies, İnönü, Sakarya, Dumlupinar fought. Our country was saved from enemies.
Throne, the sultan who think comfort, along with the defeated enemy fled our land. Lausanne Peace Treaty signed with the new state was born. Not yet been to the state arising from this form of government.
The second stage of the Grand National Assembly holds its first session on August 11, 1923. 13 October 1923, Ankara became the capital. Ataturk, the enemy's country and discarded after the determination of borders, since the designs already on the declaration of the republic began to make preparations. Çankaya called close friends to dinner the evening of October 28, 1923. I told them, "Tomorrow we will declare the Republic." He said. Ataturk on October 29, 1923, drafted after consultation with representatives of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was given a vote of the republic. The Assembly agreed to the proposal.
Thus, the republican government was established in our country. Ataturk founded the Republic of Turkey was the first president. Dorms proclamation of the Republic met with joy and enthusiasm. The republic is the right of citizens to elect and be elected a government. Representatives of the management of the nation has accepted the law of the country. That the Republican administration to the nation. Protect the Republic, watch, give the duty of every citizen.
Oct. 29 Republic Day, in memory of declaration of the Republic of Turkey on October 29 every year in Turkey and Northern Cyprus celebrated a national holiday. Republican celebration of the Feast of the countries on the afternoon of Oct. 28 and Oct. 29 full-day official holidays. Stadiums are on October 29 festivities. In the traditional torchlight procession held the evening of October 29.