Thematic meeting on HPMP, certification & log-books for accession countries in Budapest, Hungary, 19-21 October 2011 Refrigerant policy in Hungary HCFC phase out! HFC phase down? Dr. Tarek Maiyaleh Associate professor Budapest University of Technology and Economics Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Department of Energy Engineering email@example.com
HCFC regulation HCFC : 1989 100% 82% Copenhagen, 11/92 - (developed Country) 70% - - 35% CEE 3093 / 94 15% CEE 2037/2000 - 60% 37% - 55% - 65% ban on HCFC after 2015 24% - 70% - 80% 20% -75% - 90% A B C D - 95% 01/00 7 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 A - Ban on in storage, warehouse, distribution and new equipment > 150kW Ban on - Ban on new equipment: air-conditioning equipment except fixed <100 kW, AC new HCFC using after B 2010/01/01 just for servicing and heat pumps with no restrictions. C - ban on new equipment except heat pumps and PAC D - ban on using any new equipment
Phaseout of HCFC in Hungary• According to Montreal Protocol and the International agreement• Hungarian Government regulation from 2003: – from 30 September 2003, (ban on) use new equipment HCFC – from 30 April 2004, (ban on) use reversible equipment (Heat pump)• Reduction new HCFC import step by step ! For on-going servicing needs of existing equipment: – in 2003-2004 696 t/y import – in 2004-2007 464 t/y import – in 2008-2009 387 t/y import• 31 December 2009, stop the import!!!• 1 January 2010, ban on production and import (new HCFC) except for use in equipment manufactured before 1/1/2010 (so no production or importing for NEW equipment that uses these compounds) !• 31 December 2014 final ban
Before and after 1-1-2010?• What should be done than?• For servicing of existing equipment!• New technology for servicing!• Reclaimed, recycled refrigerant?• Replacement (drop in or retrofit) with alternative refrigerant!
What about the solution!• According to the regulations (2037/2000) 1005/2009 and 842/2006• Training and certificationYour role: as an air-conditioning or refrigeration technician, you play an important role in the phase out procedure of HCFC refrigerants by installing, servicing, end repairing equipment that may contain HCFCs - better understand your responsibilities under the regulations. - adapt to changing industry practices, and - provide consumers with appropriate information about the HCFC phase out.
A) Servicing air-conditioning andrefrigeration systems• You must have a certification (personnel and company),• Do best practice, locate and repair leaks (leakage checks),• you must use refrigerant recovery equipment during service, maintenance, or repair,• you may recharge equipment only with recovered HCFC refrigerants,• recovered refrigerant cannot be sold to new owner,,• it must be recycled or sent to an certified reclaimer prior to resale.
B) Disposing of refrigerating and air-conditioning equipment,1. prior to equipment disposal, you must properly recover HCFCs from existing refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment to help ensure the availability of future supplies, protect the ozone layer, and comply with the regulations,2. you may recycle the recovered HCFC refrigerants,3. you may send recovered HCFC refrigerants to be reclaimed or destroyed.4. Disposal companies have to be special licences for transport and disposal procedures
C) Alternative refrigerants1. In generally HFCs,2. Certified personnel has to be informed about the acceptable and unacceptable substitutes for specific criteria of different refrigeration and air conditioning applications.3. Alternative refrigerants generally cannot be used as a "drop-in" replacement in an existing system without modifying the system components, sealings, etc
R-22&Co.• It is a popular refrigerant that is commonly used in a variety of refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment, including• Residential Commercial and Industrial Uses (-55- +15 oC)• How can we replace it, for example in: (LBP-MBP-HBP) - Window air-conditioning units - Packaged air-conditioners and heat pumps - Dehumidifiers - Chillers - Central air-conditioners - Retail food refrigeration - Air-to-air heat pumps - Cold storage warehouses - Ground-source heat pumps - Industrial process refrigeration - Ductless air-conditioners - Transport refrigeration -Chest or upright freezers
Substitute of applications using R22, new equipment or retrofit with HFCs New equipmentsHBP+MBP LBP Safety refrigerants Central air-conditioners, Chillers, MAC, One komponent, POE, PAG Industrial process refrigeration. Refrigeration, /R-134a (44% / 52% / 4% ) Blend R-125 / R-143a Chest or upright(50% / 50%) - Retrofit Blend R-125 / R-143a freezers (HBP-MBP) For Air-conditioning < 400 Blend R-32 / R-125 / R-134a (23% / 25% / 52%) kW - Retrofit (HBP-MBP) Heat pump, Blend R-32 / R-125 (50% / 50%) air-conditioning < 30 kW –experiments for LBP
Substitute of applications using R22, new equipment with other refrigerants• Halogen free: ODP=0, GWP<3 – R-717 (NH3) (B2) – R-744 (CO2) (A1) (TEWI!) – R-290 (HC) (A3)
For existing equipment, drop in! New equipment ISCEON® MOHBP-MBP LBP Safety refrigerants GWP! Residential Commercial and Industrial Uses ISCEON® MO79 (MBP-LBP) / R-134a / R-600a (85,1% /11,5 % / 3,4%) R-422A : R-125 MO, AB,POE Direct evaporation ISCEON® MO29 air-conditioningR-134a /Chillers, commercial 3,4%) R-422D: R-125 / units, R-600a (65,1% /31,5 % / and MO,AB,POE industrial refrigeration. Direct evaporation ISCEON® MO59 air-conditioning R-134a / R-600 (46,6% / 50 % / 3,4%), R-417A : R-125 / unit, com. refrigeration MO, AB, POE (MBP,LBP), Direct evaporation
For existing equipment, drop in! New equipments FORANE® FX100 R-427A : R-134a / R-125 / R-32 / R-143a (50% /25 % / 15%/10%),HBP+MBP LBP Safety refrigerant GWP! FORANE® FX100 Central air-conditioners, Chillers, Industrial process refrigeration. FORANE® FX100 (LBP-MBP-HBP) Direct evaporation FORANE® FX100
Simple Replacement, Drop in Oil change without Oil change Option cleaning Option cleaning LBP MBP LBP MBPR-427A (FX 100) R-427A (FX 100) ISCEON® MO29 v. 79 ISCEON® MO29 v. 59 Direct evap. Direct evap. POE oil fill in Original oil Max. old oil 15%* useable* * manufacturer information
Retrofit, replacement of R-22 => R404A, R507, R407C Existing R22 system R-22 recovering Oil recovering Running and Fill in POE adjustment, oil leakage check Running with R22 R 404A fill in Test of the Mineral oil > 5% Mineral oil Change of sealing, R22 expansion div. and recovery Mineral oil < 5% the safety devices
Practical advices• What to advise the customer? – Proof the task and conditions of the system, in generally: – If the refrigeration capacity of the system <300 kW, new system with new refrigerant, – If the refrigeration capacity of System > 300 kW, and fill in (R-22 T, reclaimed!) Replacement with - R-407C (HFC), - R-422A, - R- 422D
Real and actual situation- 31 December 2009, important datum- In 2010 R-22 refrigerant stock is about ≈ 700 t?.- For servicing R-22 (demand) ≈ 15- 25%, ≈ 105 -175 t/y.- Ban on new R-22 production. Reclaimed refrigerant isn’t enough. ≈ 40 t/y reclaimed refrigerant (all) 2010! more than 65-135 t/y absent, wanted !!! But the refrigerating system is running!
Tendency in refrigerant policy! What about HFCs?? Phase out?? Phase down? Depending Fgas regulation review,• ODP=0, reduction on GWP 1.) R-717 (NH3), R-744 (CO2), R- 290, R-600a….2.) Phase down HFCs : For MAC, GWP less than 150 (Aut. Air-cond.). Instead of R-134a GWPR-134a=1300: -HFO-1234yf (tetrafluoropropene) GWP=4 (mild flammability) -HFO-HFC (HFO-1234ze) blend (fluoro olefine) GWP=6 (testing) But proper use, containment and recovery, disposal, energy efficiency TEWI
The best combination to reduce energy consumption and face up to regulatory changesPolitical context – The objective of the EU : +20, -20, -20 until 2020:- Reduction in Greenhouse gas levels -20%- Reduce the energy consumption -20%- Renewables in energy mix +20%
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
-előkészület menete Ez csak nekem kell mint inf.• - felmérés• Hány rendszerről (körfolyamatról) van szó• Milyen hűtőközegekről van szó• Tisztázni a berendezések állapotát (alkotóelemenként végigmenni, mi meddig használható még)• Költségbecslés készíteni élettartamra eső javítási költségekről• -mérlegelés:• -környezetvédelmi szempontok: ODP. GWP, TEWI esetleg büntetések• Financiális háttér: energiafogyasztás, karbantartás, javítások• Egészségügyi vonatkozások, biztonság• Berendezések ártalmatlanítási költségei. Secret recycling?? Smuggling?? Black market?? Home made??•