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CO2 in MAC - History, Present & Future

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CO2 in MAC - History, Present & Future by Marc Chasserot, Shecco

CO2 in MAC - History, Present & Future by Marc Chasserot, Shecco

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  • 1. CO2 in MAC - History, Present & Future International Workshop on Next-Generation Technologies for Mobile Vehicles’ Air Conditioning New Dehli, 7 June 2010 Marc Chasserot Managing Director shecco
  • 2. agenda ๏ about shecco ๏ ATMOsphere 2010 ๏ CO2 in MAC - History, Present & Future
  • 3. about shecco ๏ innovative _ B2B marketing & communications company ๏ focus _ climate friendly technologies ๏ expertise _ HVAC&R and transport sectors ๏ mission _ climate-friendly technologies faster to market
  • 4. b2b platforms R744.com ammonia21.com hydrocarbons21.com ๏ 1200+ articles about Natural Refrigerants ๏ 1 million+ page views ๏ 6000+ experts (incl. policy), 150+ countries ๏ 500+ technical papers about natural refrigerants
  • 5. global community ๏ summer 2010: launch of world’s only natural refrigerants b2b networking tool ๏ global map of community ๏ share knowledge and ideas ๏ send instant messages ๏ explore business opportunities ๏ plan your business trip & set up meetings
  • 6. agenda ๏ about shecco ๏ ATMOsphere 2010 ๏ CO2 in MAC - History, Present & Future
  • 7. ATMOsphere 2009 ๏ international conference, 19-20 oct, brussels belgium ๏ “natural refrigerants faster to market” ๏ what did it achieve? ๏ policy (UNEP, TEAP, World Bank, European Commission, national ministries) & industry experts ๏ launch of “THENATURALVOICE” - global industry statement as recommendation to COP 15 & beyond ๏ data gathering about industry needs in developing countries ๏ introduction of anti-HFC bill in UK government; input for GreenChill guidelines in the USA
  • 8. ATMOsphere 2010 ๏ international WORKSHOP about the “HOW” to bring natural refrigerants faster to market ๏ brussels, 27-28 Sept 2010 ๏ interactive workshop concept with small groups and equal distribution of stakeholders (policy, industry, NGOs, associations, end-users, academia) ๏ 150 participants - 30 moderators - 25 speakers - 4 applications - 1 summary report to be distributed at UN level meetings & trade fairs ๏ special focus on developing countries (funded travel & discount rates for participants) ๏ confirmed speakers: UNIDO, UNEP, TEAP, US EPA, European Commission, European Parliament
  • 9. THENATURALVOICE ๏ global campaign for natural refrigerants ๏ joint industry statement in favour of CO2, ammonia, hydrocarbons ๏ target: UN policy makers ๏ call for knowledge exchange, removal of barriers ๏ launched Q4 2009 www.THENATURALVOICE.org ๏ 80+ signatories
  • 10. THENATURALVOICE - Signatories
  • 11. THENATURALVOICE - Signatories
  • 12. THENATURALVOICE - Signatories
  • 13. THENATURALVOICE - Signatories
  • 14. agenda ๏ about shecco ๏ ATMOsphere 2010 ๏ CO2 in MAC - History, Present & Future
  • 15. Development overview of R744 MAC Systems (1988 – 2010) Dr. Armin Hafner Frank Wolf Research Scientist Vice President SINTEF OBRIST Engineering GmbH NORWAY AUSTRIA !!!!! Armin.Hafner@sintef.no f.wolf@obrist.at 16
  • 16. The idea of transcritical R744 system was born 17
  • 17. First successful experimental investigations 18
  • 18. The beginning of R744 MAC 19
  • 19. 20
  • 20. R744 Heat pump investigations in 2001 21
  • 21. World’s first R744 Car Air Conditioning system Courtesy, Denso and even with a heat pump option! 22
  • 22. 23
  • 23. 24
  • 24. TIER I suppliers were ready for R744... Wolf (2007) 25
  • 25. Test Results - R744 MAC 26
  • 26. Development achievements ! System Performance Wieschollek and Heckt (2007) investigated the fuel consumption of a Toyota Yaris equipped with a 1.0 dm3 petrol engine, a conventional HFC MAC system and an R744 MAC system. Applying the R744 MAC system reduced the additional fuel consumption due to AC by: 25%, 0,56 dm3/100km in a NEDC at 35 °C ambient temperature (HFC134a 1.97 dm3/100km versus R744 1.41 dm3/100km). 27
  • 27. Medium size car, Europe 28
  • 28. Medium size car, Europe NEDC Fuel over-consumption HFC-134a versus R744 Fuel over-consumption [l/100km] Text Ambient Temperature [°C] 29
  • 29. Small car, Europe 30
  • 30. LCCP - Europe ! Results, case study: Europe ! HFC MAC system emits GHG: ! 2.4 - 3.5 metric tonnes (Athens, 50 depending on leakages) –6 ! Up to 1.2 metric tonnes 3% (Trondheim, Norway) based on ! 12.500 km/a ! 12 years of driving Ref: 2nd International Workshop on Mobile Air Conditioning and Auxiliary Systems. Orbassano 2007 ! 50 – 63 % reduction if R744 is applied 31
  • 31. LCCP - Europe ! Results, case study: Europe ! HFC MAC requires fuel: ! 824 liters in Athens 50 ! 53 liters in Trondheim –6 25% 3 based on % ! 12.500 km/a ! 12 years of driving Ref: 2nd International Workshop on Mobile Air Conditioning and Auxiliary Systems. Orbassano 2007 ! 25 % fuel savings if R744 is applied 32
  • 32. LCCP - China & India ! Results, case study: India & China ! HFC MAC system emits GHG: ! 10 to 14 metric tonnes (India) 50 ! 5 metric tonnes (China) –6 40%3 % based on ! 15.000 km/a ! 15 years of driving Ref: 2nd International Workshop on Mobile Air Conditioning and Auxiliary Systems. Orbassano 2007 ! 40 % reduction if R744 is applied 33
  • 33. LCCP - China & India ! Results, case study: India & China ! HFC MAC requires fuel: ! 3039 - 3509 liters in (India) 50 ! 2170 - 2654 liters in (China) –6 32 40 3 % based on - 4% 0% ! 15.000 km/a ! 15 years of driving Ref: 2nd International Workshop on Mobile Air Conditioning and Auxiliary Systems. Orbassano 2007 ! 32 - 40 % fuel savings if R744 is applied 34
  • 34. LCCP Summary - Asia The estimated fuel saving potential and reduction of GHG emissions per 1.000.000 cars by introducing R744 MAC systems instead of continuing with HFC 134a MAC units in Asia are: ! in the Shanghai area: ! 18.000 m3 of petrol ! 172.000 metric tonnes of GHG emissions ! in New Delhi: ! 57.000 m3 of petrol ! 300.000 metric tonnes of GHG emissions (CO2 eq.) ! More information: http://www.r744.com/articles/2009-07-07-green-mac-lccp-finds-r744-to-perform-best.php ; 35
  • 35. CO2 MAC today & tomorrow ๏ conventional passenger cars: R744 has been sidelined by OEMs in Europe, USA ๏ electric vehicles: R744 has still high potential, due to its compatibility with electronic components and its heat pump functionality allowing for both cooling and heating ๏ development of compact and efficient thermal management system for li-ion system in electric vehicles1 ๏ buses: R744 systems are now introduced by Germany’s biggest public transport company in Berlin to cool its bus fleet ๏ trains: potential currently tested in real-life conditions2 1 http://www.r744.com/articles/2009-09-18-iaa-ixetic-displays-r744-lithium-ion-battery-cooling-for-evs.php 2 http://www.r744.com/articles/2010-04-12-exclusive-interview-with-petter-neksa-about-the-future-of-r744.php
  • 36. CO2 beyond MAC ๏ heat pumps: used in more than 2 million residential, commercial, industrial Japanese Eco-Cute models; rising interest from Europe, North America ๏ supermarkets: cascade systems accepted as standard option in Europe; 100% market share for HFC-free systems in Denmark; strongly rising markets in Germany & UK; rising interest in USA/ Canada; more and more global food retailers committed to R744 ๏ beverage coolers: commitment of Coca-Cola and other consumer brands to invest only in CO2 (and hydrocarbons) as the most sustainable refrigerant available ๏ still higher future technology potential
  • 37. take home message R744 is the global MAC refrigerant for the long-term future with the highest confidence regarding safety, fuel efficiency, flexibility regarding future developments (heat pumping units) and system improvement potential!