Ashrae and its positions to meet environmental challenges
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Ashrae and its positions to meet environmental challenges Presentation Transcript

  • 1. ASHRAE Positions to Meet Future Environmental Challenges Prof. Walid Charkoun Director, Regional Chair, Region-At-Large, ASHRAE Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 2. ASHRAE’s MISSION Advancing HVAC&Rto serve humanity and promote a sustainable world Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 3. WHO WE AREFormed in 1959 after merger of two predecessor societies(1895 and 1904)56,000 volunteer members in 130 countries – 5,000 student members – 191 chapters – 230 student branchesConsulting engineers, contractors, manufacturers,manufacturing representatives, researchers, professors andarchitects Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 4. CARRYING OUT OUR MISSIONCreate industry standards and recommended proceduresand guidelinesDevelop researchPublish technical informationEducate Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 5. WHAT MAKES US DIFFERENTEncourages participation from people all over the worldTechnical foundation built by volunteer membersOne of few HVAC&R organizations in world with ownresearch program Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 6. MEMBER BENEFITSHandbook SeriesBookstore DiscountsNetworkingKnowledgeE-News (SocietyConnections and theHVAC&R Industry ) Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 7. HANDBOOK SERIES4 VOLUME SERIES – HVAC Applications – Refrigeration – Fundamentals – HVAC Systems and Equipment – 1 Updated and Distributed Each Membership YearIncluded in Your Membership Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 8. SOCIETY MEMBERSHIP• 56,000+ Worldwide• 130 Nations Represented• 191chapters• 13 Regions (Far East)• Region-at-large Chapters: Bahrain, Cairo, Danube, ASHRAE Falcon , Hellenic, Hyderabad, India, Kuwait, Lebanese, N. Pakistan, Pakistan, Central Pakistan, Polonia, Portugal, Nigeria, Mumbai, Qatar Oryx, Saudi Arabia, South India, Spain, Sri Lankan, Chennai and Western India. Sections: Kolkata, Jaipur, Rajasthan, Chandigarh (India); Benelux (Brussels- Belgium) Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 9. ASHRAE REGIONS• Region I• Region II• Region III• Region IV• Region V• Region VI• Region VII• Region VIII• Region IX• Region X• Region XI• Region XII• Region XIII• Region At Large Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 10. ASHRAE GLOBEL MAP Regions I - XIIRoundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 11. ASHRAE GLOBEL MAP Region XIIIRoundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 12. ASHRAE GLOBEL MAP REGION-AT-LARGERoundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 13. CONTENTS1. OZONE DEPLETING SUBSTANCES • Issues • Recommendations2. CLIMATE CHANGE • Issues • Recommendations3. NATURAL REFRIGERANTS • Issues • Recommendations4. CONCLUSION Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 14. NATURAL REFRIGERANTSRecommendationsASHRAE holds a strong position that:1. The use of natural refrigerants helps to meet growing HVAC&R demands in a sustainable manner2. There are still research needs in order to achieve this in a safe, cost- effective, and environmentally beneficial manner3. Projects must be assessed in a rational, fact-based, systematic manner to ensure that environmentally beneficial technologies are not rejected on the basis of false information or irrational fears. Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 15. NATURAL REFRIGERANTSASHRAE is committed to1. The application of natural refrigerants2. The consideration of natural refrigerants in existing and new guidelines, codes and standards3. The provision of guidance and education to policy makers and the public4. The creation and dissemination of methods and tools for environmental assessment of refrigeration systems5. The publication of technical information highlighting best practices from a safety, reliability and efficiency standpoint6. The promotion of authoritative information on natural refrigerants through seminars and publications Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 16. CONCLUSION• The fear to consider that ozone problem is solved and that practices to reduce refrigerant emissions are relaxed.• ASHRAE recommends that decision-makers carefully consider all environmental impacts prior to taking actions in response to climate change and continue to emphasize improving energy efficiency/utilization in HVAC&R technology to minimize emission of CO2 from energy use.• ASHRAE has no positions on refrigerants other than natural refrigerants• In general there is no such thing as ideal refrigerant for all applications. Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 17. CONCLUSION• The selection of alternative refrigerants and their operating systems should be based on a holistic analysis, including energy efficiency and performance attributes, environmental impacts, community and personal safety, economic considerations, and social impacts.• Even though, the use of natural refrigerants helps to meet growing HVAC&R demands in a sustainable manner, more research is needed in order to achieve this in a safe, cost-effective, and environmentally beneficial manner.• There are other HFO alternatives being developed but these will all cost an order of magnitude more per kilogram than the replaced HFC refrigerants. Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011
  • 18. CONCLUSIONIn general ASHRAE recommends that further research be conducted on:• Safety, energy efficiency, costs and environmental impact for all refrigerants using a consistent and comprehensive methodology• The development of systems and components, which can ensure the safe application of refrigerants without compromising energy efficiency• The behavior of refrigerants in operating systems Roundtable on Ozone- and Climate Friendly Technologies in RAC, 10 May 2011