Transcript of "Seci's work on environmental crime "
The SECI Center’s historical land marks• 1999 SECI Agreement signed - May, 26th• 2001 SECI Center set up and became functional• 2007 started negotiations for a new SELEC Convention• 2009 SELEC Convention was adopted - December, 9th
All the 13 SECI Center Member States are the SELEC signatories 13 MEMBERS Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Greece Hungary MoldovaFormer Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Montenegro (2008) Romania Serbia Slovenia Turkey
The SECI Center’s current Partners OBSERVER MISSIONS & ORGANIZATIONSInterpol, World Customs Organization, EUBAM, UNMiKCARICC,UNODC were granted the observer status during the 33rdJCC meeting, held in Bucharest, June 2010 17 OBSERVER STATESAustria Georgia PortugalAzerbaijan Germany SlovakiaBelgium Israel SpainCzech Republic Italy UkraineFrance Japan United Kingdom The Netherlands United States of America
Accumulated operational experience to be transferred from SECI Center to SELEC Information Exchanges12.000 10.353 10.80910.000 9.196 7.583 8.000 5.953 6.000 4.053 4.000 1.964 1.642 2.000 315 608 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
10 Years of Cost Effective Cooperation among the Member States
What SELEC Brings• SELEC shall have international legal personality recognized as important European International Law Enforcement Organization• SELEC shall have in each Member State legal and contractual capacity under that State’s law.• It shall have the capacity: • (a) to contract; • (b) to acquire and dispose of movable and immovable property; • (c) to be a party to legal proceedings.
SELEC Perspectives• For law enforcement More efficient and flexible joint investigative teams Less bureaucracy More secure communication system Higher analytical input• For member Countries’ Governments Minimal investment with successful results in regional investigations and operations Coordinated governmental response• For citizen Safer environment
SELEC Main ObjectiveThe objective of SELEC, within the framework ofcooperation among Competent Authorities, is toprovide support for Member States andenhance coordination in preventing andcombating crime, including serious and organizedcrime, where such crime involves or appears toinvolve an element of trans-border activity
Expected Improvements• Operational Develop flexibility and operational effectiveness Provide for increased capabilities Broadening International cooperation with strategic partners• Organizational Confirm international legal personality Adopt effective and appropriate personal data protection rules New more demanding business environment
When SELEC enters into force?• SELEC Convention will enter soon into force upon ratification by two thirds of the signatory parties (9 out of 13 countries)• Six countries have already ratified the SELEC Convention (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Romania and Slovenia)• Significant progress is made in other signatory states
Task Force - SECI Center’s Arsenal against trans-border crime in SEE• 8 specialized Task Forces focused on – Drug Trafficking – Human Trafficking and Illegal Immigration – Smuggling and Customs Frauds – Stolen Vehicles – Financial and Computer Crime – Terrorism – Container Security – Environmental Crimes
Task Force on Environmental Crimes• Set up in June 2009 upon the decision of JCC• Coordinated by Hungary• Aim - to fight crimes committed against the natural environment in the countries of the SEE region and to develop cooperation among the competent law enforcement authorities
Task Force on Environmental Crimes• By setting up the new Environmental Crimes Task Force, SECI Center recently started to facilitate international police and customs cooperation in SEE and assists its member countries in the effective enforcement and compliance of national and international environmental laws and treaties
The current situation• It is well known that environmental crime became a very interesting lucrative business• It is estimated that organized crime syndicates internationally earn 20-30 billions of dollars from hazardous waste dumping smuggling of proscribed hazardous materials, or trafficking protected species of fauna and flora• Is very positive that SECI Center member states signed the main Protocols and Agreements for the environmental protection
Adopted MEAs by SECI Center Member States• Basel Convention on Hazardous wastes,• Rotterdam Convention on Hazardous chemicals and pesticides• Stockholm Convention - POP’s high toxic persistent bio-accumulate chemicals contaminating if released in long distances the environment (furans, dioxins).• Montreal Protocol on Ozone depleting substances• CITES Convention and its Appendices
ECTF – Steps Taken and Goals• Assessment of the Regional Situation in fighting crimes committed against environment and nature - 2009• 1st Task Force meeting - 24 of November 2009• Professional Training in cooperation UNEP DTIE Ozon Action Program – 29 of March 2011• 2nd Task Force meeting – 30 of March 2011• Joint Police and Customs large scale regional operation code name <<Green Pandora>>• Case based common investigations - in order to facilitate joint investigations on environmental crimes, a network of contact points will be set up in the SEE region
Conclusions• SECI Center Environmental Crime Task Force action aims:• To monitor and access the frequency and length of environmental crimes and violations in regional level at their real - if possible dimension.• To emphasize the importance of enhancing controls and responsiveness of police and customs for an effective environmental protection• To enhancing law enforcement awareness and sensitivity in intercepting and banning illegal trafficking of consignments that might violate protection regimes of the natural environment.
Conclusions• To equally and simultaneously involve in the operational process border agencies and police forces, offering an excellent opportunity for harmonic cooperation and interaction• To intensify the exchange of information and data relevant to environmental crimes and to conduct joint investigations• To update and improve the risk analysis criteria particularly focusing on detecting violations against the natural environment at national and regional level
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