ECA enfocement activities

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ECA enfocement activities

  1. 1. ECA network meeting 2011United Nations Environment Programme Enforcement activities in Europe & Central Asia 10-13 May 2011, Belgrade, Serbia Halvart Koeppen, Regional Officer halvart.koppen@unep.org UNEP ECA webpage: www.unep.org/ozonaction/ecanetwork/ OzonAction website: www.unep.org/ozonaction/ Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  2. 2. Risk of illegal trade in ODSUnited Nations Environment Programme Consumption of CFC, halon and carbon tetrachloride must be zero from Jan 2010 Increased risk of illegal trade in countries which have still demand Accelerated and differentiated phase-out schedule for HCFCs Increased risk of illegal trade to countries which restrict or ban HCFC imports Increased risk of technology dumping (second hand equipment) to developing countries UNEP / EIA study on illegal trade in HCFCs Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  3. 3. United Nations Environment Programme Diverging HCFC phase-out schedules Montreal Protocol Completed Croatia EU Article 2 Article 5 phase- phase-out date countries countries CFC (Annex A1) 1996 2010 2006 1995 Halons 1994 2010 2010 1994 CFC (Anex B1) (Anex B1) 1996 2010 1999 1996 Carbontetrachloride 1996 2010 2010 1995 Methylchloroform 1996 2015 2010 1996 HCFC 2020 202 2030 203 2016 2010 HBFC 1996 1996 1999 1996 Bromochlormethane 2002 2002 2002 2002 Methylbromide 2005 2015 2006 2005 Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  4. 4. ECA enforcement network – key activitiesUnited Nations Environment Programme Enforcement network meetings / Green Customs Informal Prior Informed Consent (iPIC) Desk study on data discrepancies (OS) Trade between Parties & non-Parties (OS) Trade with recycled substances (Russia) ECA Ozone Award for Customs & Enforcement Officers Cooperation Focal points Awareness Regional Ozone Network for ECA Compliance Assistance Programme
  5. 5. ECA enforcement network meeting in Budapest, Hungary, 12-14 October 2009United Nations Environment Programme Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  6. 6. ECA enforcement network meeting in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 13-15 October 2010United Nations Environment Programme Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  7. 7. Informal Prior Informed ConsentUnited Nations Environment Programme iPIC info sheets Updated format – Registered importers & exporters – Trade restrictions and bans – Focal point contacts Participation 75 countries including major trade partners – 21 countries to submit updated iPIC sheets 12 out of 19 ECA / CEIT countries – KAZ, MNE, UZB to submit updated iPIC sheets – Invited: BEL, BiH, GEO, MDN, RUS, TUR, UKR Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  8. 8. Informal Prior Informed ConsentUnited Nations Environment Programme iPIC brochure Statistics & case studies English / Russian 2009 statistics 38 consultations recorded 11 shipments rejected 2010 statistics 111 consultations recorded 28 unwanted shipments prevented (25%) Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  9. 9. Informal Prior Informed ConsentUnited Nations Environment Programme 2010 CFC Ha- CTC MB HBFC HCFC HFC R502 Total lon Approved 4 6 13 30 1 58 2 2 Rejected 2 1 3 19 28 2 1 No reply 1 5 16 1 25 1 1 Requests 7 5 8 21 2 65 1 2 111 Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  10. 10. Informal Prior Informed ConsentUnited Nations Environment Programme Serbia will present: Serbia / China consultation (April 2011): HCFC-22 Serbia / EU (Germany) consultation (March 2011): CTC EU (Germany) / Serbia consultation (Jan 2011): CTC Serbia / Bosnia & H. consultation (Jan 2011): CTC Serbia / EU (Slovenia) consultation (Nov 2010 2011): HCFC-22 / RED-TEK 22a Russia will present: Russia / China consultation via UNEP (Feb 2011): Allegedly recycled CFC-12 China / Russia consultation via UNEP (Jan 2011): HCFC-141b Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  11. 11. Informal Prior Informed ConsentUnited Nations Environment Programme EU (Denmark) / China consultation (April 2011): EU informs on potential trade of 300 kg HCFC-22 without import license EU requests China not to issue an export license China did not receive an application and agreed not to issue any export license until the EU has issued an import license Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  12. 12. ECA Ozone Protection Award 2010 for Customs & Enforcement OfficersUnited Nations Environment Programme Gold and silver medals for: – Armenia – China – Croatia – European Union – Kazakhstan – Kyrgyzstan – Russian Federation – Serbia Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  13. 13. ECA Ozone Protection Award 2010 for Customs & Enforcement OfficersUnited Nations Environment Programme • Hundreds of tonnes of virgin CFC illegally traded and mis-declared as recycled substance in 2007-2009 • Verify proof of origin and certificate of quality with the Montreal Protocol focal point of the exporting country. False document certifying that CFCs are recycled
  14. 14. ECA Ozone Protection Award 2010 for Customs & Enforcement OfficersUnited Nations Environment Programme • Hundred second hand CFC refrigerators from Germany seized in Central Asia • Their export from the EU is illegal and most countries in the ECA region have banned their import. • No trade licenses should be issued and any shipment Seized second hand CFC of second hand refrigerators from EU equipment should be considered suspicious Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  15. 15. ECA Ozone Protection Award 2010 for Customs & Enforcement OfficersUnited Nations Environment Programme • Labelling of refrigerant cylinders as “Replace for …” without indicating the actual contents • “Replace for 134a” actually contained CFC-12 • “Replace for 502” in fact “Replace for …” contained R502 • National legislation should require mandatory labelling of chemical contents
  16. 16. ECA Ozone Protection Award 2010 for Customs & Enforcement OfficersUnited Nations Environment Programme • Mislabelling was detected during the practical exercise of using refrigerant identifiers • CFC-12 cylinder contained 16% CFC-12, 62% HCFC-22, 19% HFC-134a and 3% hydrocarbon. • HFC-134a cylinder contained 100% CFC-12. • Customs Officers (wholesalers, end-users) should use refrigerant identifiers
  17. 17. ECA Ozone Protection Award 2010 for Customs & Enforcement OfficersUnited Nations Environment Programme • Seizure of HFCs which do not deplete the ozone layer but contribute to global warming • Lack of shipment papers and importer was not registered as required by national law • Note: Controlled ODS can be mislabelled as HFC and thus HFC shipments are suspicious
  18. 18. Established cooperation & partnershipsUnited Nations Environment Programme World Customs Organization Sky-Hole-Patching II e-learning modules on Montreal Protocol (English & Russian) & Green Customs (English) Harmonised System (HS) codes Etc. RILO CIS and RILO ECE Joint side events during ministerial conferences Quality review of Russian e-learning module Russian translation of EIA confidential briefing Etc. Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  19. 19. Established cooperation & partnershipsUnited Nations Environment Programme Environmental Investigation Agency Joint side event during OEWG in Geneva Sharing of intelligence information Etc. Green Customs Back-to-back regional GC workshops GC seminar for SECI Environment Task Force Green Customs Guide (English & Russian) Etc. Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  20. 20. New cooperation & partnershipsUnited Nations Environment Programme South European Cooperation Initiative (SECI) Participation in ECA enforcement network meeting Green Customs seminar for SECI Environment TF Etc. Org. for Security & Coop. in Europe (OSCE) Participation in ECA enforcement network meeting Participation in OSCE training of trainers in Kiev Etc. Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  21. 21. New cooperation & partnershipsUnited Nations Environment Programme UN Conf. on Trade & Development (UNCTAD) Participation ECA enforcement network meeting Offer to pilot ASECUDA risk management system for ozone-depleting substances Etc. Customs focal points for Montreal Protocol Designated: ALB, ARM, AZB, BiH, CRO, KYR, MDN, MOL, RUS, SER, TAJ, TKM, UZB Invited: BEL, GEO, MNE, TUR, KAZ, UKR Etc. Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  22. 22. 2012 revision of HS codes 2903 Halogenated derivates of hydrocarbonsUnited Nations Environment Programme Unchanged 2903.14 Tetrachlormethane or carbon tetrachloride 2903.19 1,1,1-trichloroethane or methylchloroform 2903.39 Methyl bromide Deleted 2903.4 - 69 Halogenated derivatives of acyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more different halogens New HS codes for HCFCs (before grouped under 2903.49) 2903.71 Chlorodifluoromethane: HCFC-22 2903.72 Dichlorotrifluoroethanes: HCFC-123 2903.73 Dichlorofluoroethanes: HCFC-141, 141b 2903.74 Chlorodifluoroethanes: HCFC-142, 142b 2903.75 Dichloropentafluoropropanes: HCFC-225/225ca/225cb Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  23. 23. 2012 revision of HS codes 2903 Halogenated derivates of hydrocarbonsUnited Nations Environment Programme New HS code for halons (before 4903.46) 2903.76 Bromochlorodifluoromethane or halon 1211 2903.76 Bromotrifluoromethane or halon 1301 2903.76 Dibromotetrafluoroethane or halon 2402 New HS code for other derivates of acrylic hydrocarobons perhalogenated only with fluorine and chlorine 2903.77 CFC-11 (before 2903.41) 2903.77 CFC-12 (before 2903.42) 2903.77 CFC-113 (before 2903.43) 2903.77 CFC-114 before 2903.44) 2903.77 CFC-115 (before 2903.44) 2903.77 CFC-13/111/112/211/212/213/214/215/217/217 (before 2903.45) 2903.78 Other perhalogenated derivatives 2903.79 Other
  24. 24. 2007 revision of HS codesUnited Nations Environment Programme 3824.7 Mixtures containing halogenated derivatives of methane, ethane or propane (no change): 3824.71 Containing CFCs, whether or not containing HCFCs, PFCs or HFCs 3824.72 Containing bromochlorodifluoromethane, bromotrifluoromethane or dibromotetrafluoroethanes 3824.73 Containing HBFCs 3824.74 Containing HCFCs, whether or not containing PFCs or HFCs, but not containing CFCs 3824.75 Containing carbon tetrachloride 3824.76 Containing 1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform) 3824.77 Containing bromomethane (methyl bromide) or bromochloromethane 3824.78 Containing PFCs or HFCs, but not containing CFCs or HCFCs 3824.79 Other
  25. 25. United Nations Environment Programme WCO / UNEP global operation on ODS Period: 3 May to 2 Nov. 2010 (six months) WCO’s 11 Regional Intelligence Liaison Offices RILO AP as Operational Coordination Unit (OCU) National Ozone Units (NOUs) UNEP and its Regional Offices Customs Services from 80 countries: – Asia Pacific: 34 – Europe & Central Asia (including EU): 23 – Africa: 20 – South America: 3 – North America: None
  26. 26. United Nations Environment Programme Reported seizures globally: 27 seizures 6087 cylinders 108 tons ODS 668 pieces of equipment Reported seizures in ECA (including EU) 15 seizures (56% of total) 1833 cylinders (30% of total) 45 metric tons ODS (42% of total) 498 pieces of equipment (75% of total)
  27. 27. United Nations Environment Programme Preliminary seizure summary Reporting No of No of No of ODS seizure ODS in kg country cases containers equipment Armenia 1 R502 15 240 0 China 1 R12 1140 15504 0 France 1 Unknown 1760 44000 0 Gambia 1 R22 12 192 0 Hongkong 1 R12 100 1600 0 Croatia 1 R134A 10 160 0 India 3 R22 & R22 mixture 1139 18224 170 Kenia 1 R12 37 592 0 Poland 1 R22 2 14 0 Sweden 7 R12, R134a, R600A 0 0 472 Thailand 4 R12, R22 1766 25286 0 R12, R22, R134a, Uzbekistan 4 46 736 26 R600a Bahrain 1 R12, R22 60 960 0 Total 27 6087 107508 668
  28. 28. SummaryUnited Nations Environment Programme • There is remaining illegal trade in banned ODS (CFC, halon, CTC) and increasingly in restricted substances e.g. HCFCs • Encourage your Customs colleagues to participate in ECA Ozone Protection Award 2011 for Customs & Enforcement Officer (July 2010 – June 2011) • Watch out for ODS labelled as recycled substance, ODS alternatives e.g. HFCs or • Inform your Customs colleagues on new 2012 HS codes for ODS and the existing ones for ODS mixtures • Establish contact with the designated Customs focal points for the Montreal Protocol. • Encourage use of WCO e-learning modules on Montreal Protocol, CITES, Green Customs • Include Montreal Protocol and Green Customs in training curricula and publications Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  29. 29. Future enforcement activitiesUnited Nations Environment Programme No ECA Customs Cooperation Network No regional enforcement meeting ? No back-to-back Green Customs meeting ? ECA network iPIC & data discrepancies Customs focal points ECA Ozone Protection Award Cooperation with regional partners Additional needs ? Regional meeting of Customs & Ozone Officers ? China – Russia dialog (jointly UNIDO / UNEP) Other needs ? Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  30. 30. Enforcement activitiesUnited Nations Environment Programme Additional materials Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  31. 31. United Nations Environment Programme Four seizures of R12, R22, R134a, R600a by Uzbek Customs in 2010 – in total 46 cylinders and 0,7 metric tons
  32. 32. United Nations Environment Programme 0,65 tons in 48 cylinders of R12 seized by Royal Thai Customs on 6 May 2010 – some labeled as R134a
  33. 33. United Nations Environment Programme 12 cylinders of R12 seized by Gambian Customs on 4 June 2010, together with over 2 tons of cocaine
  34. 34. United Nations Environment Programme 15 tons in 1140 cylinders of R12 seized by China Customs at Huangpu on 25 June 2010
  35. 35. United Nations Environment Programme 8.9 tons in 528 cylinders of R12 and R22 seized by Royal Thai Customs on 4 August 2010
  36. 36. United Nations Environment Programme 100 cylinders R12 seized by Hong Kong Customs on 2 Sept. 2010
  37. 37. Desk study on data discrepanciesUnited Nations Environment Programme Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme
  38. 38. ECA desk study on data discrepanciesUnited Nations Environment Programme Scenario I: Imports reported by importing Party are higher that exports reported by exporting Parties Exporting country did not report exports Action: Import county to remind export country to report destination of exports Scenario II: Imports reported by importing Party are lower that exports reported by exporting Parties Potential mis-declaration of destination country or re-export Potential error in reported imports (compliance relevant) Potential illegal trade Action: Import country to check data with export country Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia Compliance Assistance Programme

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