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Adoption of OSS in the Software Industry Øyvind Hauge, Carl-Fredrik Sørensen and Reidar Conradi [email_address] Øyvind Hau...
Conclusion <ul><li>Significant adoption of OSS in the software industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close to 50 % integrate OSS ...
About 15% participate in OSS projects
About 5% provide their own OSS products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A variety of horizontal products provided to all sectors </...
Consultancy companies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail screening worked very well
Getting companies to participate in surveys is challenging
Need for more empirical results and better described research processes </li></ul></ul>
Adoption of open source <ul><li>Adoption of OSS products </li></ul><ul><li>In software engineering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I...
Participating in the development of OSS products
Providing your own OSS products
Adoption of OSS development practices and tools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Øyvind Hauge, Carl-Fredrik Sørensen, and Andreas Rø...
Motivation <ul><li>OSS is becoming more mainstream </li></ul><ul><li>Limited evidence/numbers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public...
Infrastructure and desktop applications
Focus sometimes unclear </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understand and show the relevance of our research </li></ul><ul><li>Brian F...
Existing evidence <ul><li>Limited adoption in public sector </li></ul><ul><li>Linux is fairly widely adopted </li></ul><ul...
Norwegian software industry <ul><li>NACE 72.xx </li></ul><ul><li>26 000 legal entities </li></ul><ul><li>38 500 employees ...
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OSS2008 Øyvind Hauge

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Presentation of the paper "Adoption of OSS in the Software Industry" from the OSS2008 conference in Milano, Italy

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  • Adoption may include the use of end user or server software
  • Unclear which software and sectors they have included. Sampling is also sometimes quite unclear. I am not the one to point fingers but we can all get better at this There has been some research on the adoption of OSS products like: Linux, OpenOffice and Apache HTTP Server. Most of this research has been in the public sector. Most studies in the industry have consisted of a mixed sample from different sectors. Mention Christina Rossi and their effort they talk about the software sector as NACE 72.00
  • Highlight the differences between companies and company size in the FLOSS report
  • Contacting the by phone helps increase response rates and gives extra information Reminders are imperative
  • Duplicates Inactive companies Companies doing all sorts of other things New companies we might have missed The Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities (CCRLE)
  • Ask audience about their thoughts
  • Most companies are, not surprisingly, using a hybrid business model However, a significant amount have a large share of their income from OSS related activities
  • Companies in Norway are small Person hours are expensive The CCREL is not 100% correct
  • Transcript of "OSS2008 Øyvind Hauge"

    1. 1. Adoption of OSS in the Software Industry Øyvind Hauge, Carl-Fredrik Sørensen and Reidar Conradi [email_address] Øyvind Hauge, Carl-Fredrik Sørensen and Reidar Conradi, Adoption of Open Source in the Software Industry, in: Proceedings of the 4th IFIP Working Group 2.13 International Conferences on Open Source Software (OSS2008) - Open Source Development Communities and Quality, September 7-10, Milano, Italy, September 7-10, pages 211--222, Springer, 2008 Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-09684-1_17
    2. 2. Conclusion <ul><li>Significant adoption of OSS in the software industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close to 50 % integrate OSS components
    3. 3. About 15% participate in OSS projects
    4. 4. About 5% provide their own OSS products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A variety of horizontal products provided to all sectors </li></ul><ul><li>More frequent adoption of OSS components in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large companies
    5. 5. Consultancy companies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail screening worked very well
    6. 6. Getting companies to participate in surveys is challenging
    7. 7. Need for more empirical results and better described research processes </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Adoption of open source <ul><li>Adoption of OSS products </li></ul><ul><li>In software engineering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrating OSS products into software systems
    9. 9. Participating in the development of OSS products
    10. 10. Providing your own OSS products
    11. 11. Adoption of OSS development practices and tools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Øyvind Hauge, Carl-Fredrik Sørensen, and Andreas Røsdal. Surveying Industrial Roles in Open Source Software Development. In Joseph Feller, Brian Fitzgerald, Walt Scacchi, and Alberto Sillitti, editors, Proceedings on The Third International Conference on Open Source Systems, pages 259-264. Springer, 2007. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Motivation <ul><li>OSS is becoming more mainstream </li></ul><ul><li>Limited evidence/numbers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public sector
    13. 13. Infrastructure and desktop applications
    14. 14. Focus sometimes unclear </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understand and show the relevance of our research </li></ul><ul><li>Brian Fitzgerald. The Transformation of Open Source Software. MIS Quarterly, 30(3), 2006 </li></ul>
    15. 15. Existing evidence <ul><li>Limited adoption in public sector </li></ul><ul><li>Linux is fairly widely adopted </li></ul><ul><li>Indications of significantly larger adoption in the ICT sector </li></ul><ul><li>Some inconclusive numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Rishab Aiyer Ghosh, Gregorio Robles, and Ruediger Glott. Free Libre and Open Source Software: Survey and Study. Technical report, International Institute of Infonomics, University of Maastricht, 2002. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Norwegian software industry <ul><li>NACE 72.xx </li></ul><ul><li>26 000 legal entities </li></ul><ul><li>38 500 employees </li></ul><ul><li>About 1 300 with five or more employees </li></ul><ul><li>€ 22 billion turnover in 2005 </li></ul>
    17. 17. Method <ul><li>E-mail screening </li></ul><ul><ul><li>700+ responses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web questionnaire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>204 invited
    18. 18. 95 complete responses
    19. 19. 66 used here </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Sampling
    21. 21. Adoption of OSS components distributed over sectors Sector Sample Size OSS Adoption 72.21 Publishing of software 129 34.1% 72.22 Other software consultancy and supply 328 51.5% 72.30 Data processing 18 38.9% 72.40 Database activities 39 53.8% Other 55 47.3% Total 569 46.9%
    22. 22. Adoption of OSS components distributed over # of employees Number of employees Sample Size OSS Adoption 0 to 1 33 48.5% 2 to 4 61 42.6% 5 to 9 80 43.8% 10 to 24 189 43.9% 25 to 99 146 50.0% More than 100 58 56.9% Total 569 46.9%
    23. 23. Participation and providing <ul><li>16.3% of the companies participated in OSS projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, 30 of the 66 companies completing the survey said they participated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4.9% of the companies have their own OSS project </li></ul><ul><li>Only 368 of the 569 companies responded </li></ul>
    24. 24. Survey Results: Projects <ul><li>Products serve all business sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small emphasis on public and health sector </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All kinds of horizontal products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly web/portals and enterprise solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 72.7% of the products, OSS components provide less than 40% of the functionality </li></ul><ul><li>68.2% of the products contain less than six OSS components </li></ul><ul><ul><li>80% of the projects spent less than 50 person-months during the last year </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Survey Results: Companies <ul><li>75.8% of the companies developed 1-3 products containing OSS components during the last year </li></ul>Income from OSS Number of companies NA/Don't know 22 0% 8 1-20% 33 21-40% 3 41-60% 7 61-80% 9 81-99% 6 100 % 7
    26. 26. Validity <ul><li>Focus on components </li></ul><ul><li>200 companies were not asked if they participated in or provided OSS </li></ul><ul><li>One employee does not know what all the other does </li></ul><ul><li>Response rates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Few large companies answered survey </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uncertainty about the term “product” </li></ul><ul><li>Norway is special </li></ul>
    27. 27. Conclusion <ul><li>Significant adoption of OSS in the software industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close to 50 % integrate OSS components
    28. 28. About 15% participate in OSS projects
    29. 29. About 5% provide their own OSS products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A variety of horizontal products provided to all sectors </li></ul><ul><li>More frequent adoption of OSS components in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large companies
    30. 30. Consultancy companies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail screening worked very well
    31. 31. Getting companies to participate in surveys is challenging
    32. 32. Need for more empirical results and better described research processes </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. Future research <ul><li>Trends </li></ul><ul><li>Other countries </li></ul><ul><li>More detail on the adoption of OSS: What and how? </li></ul><ul><li>Software development in non-software(-intensive) industry </li></ul>
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