Ancient sparta

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Power point on Sparta and the Battle of Thermopylae

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Ancient sparta

  1. 1. Ancient Sparta andThe Battle Of Thermopylae<br />By: Luke Oyster<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>Located on the Eurotas River in ancient Parnon
  3. 3. Emerged around the 10th century</li></li></ul><li>Government <br />Was a Polis<br />Used a combination of a monarchy, oligarchy and a democracy <br />Lycurgus and Eunomia<br />
  4. 4. Relations <br />Unstable relations<br />Peloponnesian Wars<br />Dominators <br />
  5. 5. Control of Helots<br />8th century B.C. gained control of Messenia <br />More resources <br />More military training<br />Uprisings (7th century) <br />
  6. 6. Society<br />Male Dominate<br />Equals made not born<br />Dedicated life to training<br />
  7. 7. Hoplites <br />Superior warriors<br />Pride of Sparta <br />Unselfish/Phalanx <br />
  8. 8. Phalanx<br />Fighting unit of the ancient Greeks<br />Worked together<br />Sole reason for Greek’s success against Persia <br />
  9. 9. Weapons and Armor<br />Expected to pay for their own equipment<br />Carried a spear, sword and shield <br />Bronze was better but more expensive <br />
  10. 10. Persian Wars<br />Lasted from 490-478B.C.E<br />Two separate campaigns <br />Darius I<br />Xerxes<br />
  11. 11. Sparta’s Role<br />Gained command of forces <br />Very small number of soldiers <br />Needed a strategic location <br />Thermopylae <br />
  12. 12. The Battle of Thermopylae <br />In 480 B.C.E<br />Thermopylae was a narrow passage<br />Only 300 Spartans <br />Limited number due to Olympic Festival <br />
  13. 13. Battle of Thermopylae Cont.<br />King Leonidas was king of Sparta at this time <br />Spartans held their ground for 3 days<br />Greeks were betrayed <br />
  14. 14. Results <br />Scouts saw Persians coming<br />King Leonidas and his Spartans die<br />Major powers of Greece unite <br />Drive Persia out a second time <br />
  15. 15. The End<br />
  16. 16. Works Cited<br />http://library.thinkquest.org/17709/wars/persian.htm<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Thermopylae<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoplite<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sparta<br />Kishlansky, Mark A., Patrick J. Geary, and Patricia O'Brien. Civilization in the West. Vol. 1. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education/Longman, 2010. Print.<br />The History of Herodotus, Books 1 and 7 <br />
  17. 17. Photos and Sound Cited<br />Slide two(This is Sparta): http://ivanstechroundup.blogspot.com/<br />Slide three(Lycurgus): http://carnogold.wikispaces.com/Spartan+Society<br />Slide four(Athens): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Athens_Acropolis.jpg<br />Slide seven(Hoplite): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoplite<br />Slide eight(Phalanx): http://jdwaggoner.wordpress.com/2008/08/page/2/<br />Slide nine (Shield): http://media.photobucket.com/image/spartan+shield+/spartanpoet/S852_002.jpg<br />Slide fifteen(300): http://www.journerdism.com/champions-needed/<br />Slide two (sound, this is Sparta) and slide fifteen(sound, tonight we dine in hell): http://www.soundboard.com/sb/Leonidas_Soundboard_300.aspx<br />

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