Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Great Saviour of Turks DogacanYildirim Kanat
ATATURK Overview Childhood & Youth Military Times WW1 War of Independence Reformations: Political Reformations: Clothing Reformations: Education Reformations: Economy Last Years
ATATURK Childhood & Youth Childhood Born in 1881 – Soluň (Thessaloniki – Salonica) When he was 8 he lost his dad His teacher added “Kemal” to his name Youth 1905 military academy (24) During studies learned French & German
ATATURK military Times 1905 – 1909 Syria - Soluň (Thessaloniki) Committee of Union and Progress 1908 Constitutional Monarchy 1910 France 1914 Sofia Custome Ball
ATATURK WW1 1914 WW1 started 1915 Battle of Gallipoli 1918 Fall of Ottoman
ATATURK WAR OF INDEPENDENCE Ataturk went to Anatolia (19 May 1919) Ottoman signed Treaty of Sevres (10 August 1920) Turkish Parliament founded in Ankara (23 April 1920) From rebels into army On the east and north against Armenians, on the south against French, on the west against Greeks (English) 1923 Treaty of Lausanne 29 October 1923 Turkish Republic
ATATURK Reformations: Political 1922 Ottoman Dynasty dissolved. 1924 Monarchy and Caliphate dissolved. Secular Republic (Directorate for Religious Affairs) Swiss Civil Code
ATATURK Reformations: CLOTHING Burka, Turban, Ottoman Hats etc. are all banned.
ATATURK Reformations: Education Arabic alphabet changed into Latin alphabet Girls started to attend schools. Boarding schools and universities opened. Turkish Language Inst. / Turkish History Inst. Ataturk wrote a Geometry book. Numbers, measures, calendar changed into European style.
ATATURK Reformations: Economy State factories opened. Modern agriculture supported. Land reformation Huge developments in Train service. Monday to Friday work days.
ATATURK Last Years He travelled whole Turkey. He never went abroad. His illness was getting serious (1937) 10 November 1938 he passed away. (57) He donated all his will to Turkish History / Language Inst.