In this simple experiment, Pavlov showed how a reflex ( salivation, a natural bodily response ) could become conditioned ( modified ) to an external stimulus ( the bell ) thereby creating a conditioned reflex/response.
Components Involved In Classical Conditioning
The Unconditioned Stimulus (food)
Conditioned Stimulus (bell)
Unconditioned Reflex (salivation)
Conditioned Reflex (salivation in response to bell)
Classical Conditioning Procedure Before Conditioning Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) | Incapable of producing conditioned response (CR) During Conditioning Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Unconditioned Response (UCR) After Conditioning Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Conditioned Response (CR)
Using Classical Conditioning to Develop Classroom Procedure Before Conditioning Morning Bell (UCS) Start Class Incapable of producing (CR) During Conditioning Morning Bell Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Start Class Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Students sit down, look at teacher and listen for directions (UCR) After Conditioning Morning Bell Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Start Class Conditioned Response (CR)
Using classical conditioning, we have the ability to:
Affect students likes/dislikes
Influence our student’s attitudes
Develop a respect for authority
Affecting Students Likes/Dislikes
Classical Conditioning Theory indicates that people develop a taste for pleasant experiences and aversions to experiences they find unpleasant
Therefore, we must intentionally provide learning experiences for which the students find pleasant if we want students to enjoy learning.
Influencing students’ attitudes toward learning
Classical Conditioning Theory suggests that students will develop a positive attitude toward learning simply by presenting content along with words and images that evoke positive feelings such as “excellent”, “awesome,” and “good work.”
Therefore, we must intentionally incorporate words and images in our classrooms that evoke positive feelings for students.
Classical Conditioning Theory
For example, the school, classroom, teacher, or subject matter are initially neutral stimuli that gain attention.
Activities at school or in the classroom automatically elicit emotional responses and these activities are associated with the neutral or orienting stimulus
After repeated presentations, the previously neutral stimulus will elicit the emotional response
Classical Conditioning Theory Example:
Child is harassed at school
Child feels bad when harassed
Child associates being harassed and school
Child begins to feel bad when she thinks of school
In order to extinguish the associated of feeling bad and thinking of school, the connection between school and being harassed must be broken.
2 drunken boys
From the case classify, Conditioned stimuli, unconditioned stimuli, conditioned response and unconditioned response
What is the learning that would have taken place for the girl student, the security guard and the drunken boys?
What are its short-term and long-term implications
If some of the unconditioned responses now established are ‘Negative’ and if they have to be converted into ‘Positive’ oriented unconditioned responses, what type of pairing of stimuli would you recommend?