In this simple experiment, Pavlov showed how a reflex ( salivation, a natural bodily response ) could become conditioned ( modified ) to an external stimulus ( the bell ) thereby creating a conditioned reflex/response.
Conditioned Reflex (salivation in response to bell)
Classical Conditioning Procedure Before Conditioning Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) | Incapable of producing conditioned response (CR) During Conditioning Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Unconditioned Response (UCR) After Conditioning Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Conditioned Response (CR)
Using Classical Conditioning to Develop Classroom Procedure Before Conditioning Morning Bell (UCS) Start Class Incapable of producing (CR) During Conditioning Morning Bell Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Start Class Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Students sit down, look at teacher and listen for directions (UCR) After Conditioning Morning Bell Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Start Class Conditioned Response (CR)
Classical Conditioning Theory suggests that students will develop a positive attitude toward learning simply by presenting content along with words and images that evoke positive feelings such as “excellent”, “awesome,” and “good work.”
Therefore, we must intentionally incorporate words and images in our classrooms that evoke positive feelings for students.
If some of the unconditioned responses now established are ‘Negative’ and if they have to be converted into ‘Positive’ oriented unconditioned responses, what type of pairing of stimuli would you recommend?