Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program: Global Cities Initiative, Atlanta

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Presentation by Bruce Katz, Vice President of the Brookings Institution and Director of the Metropolitan Policy Program.

Global Cities Initiative forum in Atlanta, GA on March 20, 2013.

The Global Cities Initiative is a Joint Project of Brookings and JPMorgan Chase.

For more information: http://www.brookings.edu/projects/global-cities.aspx

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Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program: Global Cities Initiative, Atlanta

  1. 1. GLOBAL CITIES INITIATIVE A JOINT PROJECT OF BROOKINGS AND JPMORGAN CHASE @bruce_katz #globalcities Atlanta, GA / March 20, 2013
  2. 2. More Jobs10.2 millionjobs needed
  3. 3. More Jobs & Better Jobs 81 millionpoor or near poor in 2000
  4. 4. More Jobs & Better Jobs107 millionpoor or near poor in 2011
  5. 5. 1 2 3 A vision for the next 1 American economy
  6. 6. 1 2 3 The next economy will be2 largely metropolitan
  7. 7. 1 2 3 Metropolitan areas METRO3 are driving innovation INNOVATION
  8. 8. 1 2 3 A vision for the next 1 American economy
  9. 9. Global GDP 21.0% BIC Countries 19.9% US 2009Source: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database, April 2010
  10. 10. Global GDP 26.5% BIC Countries 17.9% US 2015Source: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database, April 2010
  11. 11. Global Metro Population 60% 2030Source: UN Department of Economic-Social Affairs, World Urbanization Prospects, 2009
  12. 12. Economic Performance 2011 - 2012 Highest Performing Metros Lowest Performing MetrosSource: Brookings, Global MetroMonitor, November 2012
  13. 13. Exports Share of GDP 2010 30% 29% 22% 13% China Canada India 15% 15% United States Japan European UnionSource: Brookings analysis of WTO and EIU data, 2011
  14. 14. Transport Networks are Clogged and Congested
  15. 15. Can we get back into the export game?
  16. 16. $944 billionUS manufactured exports2010
  17. 17. Top Manufacturing Exporting Countries 2010, Billions $1477 $1091 $944 $680 $409 France Japan United States Germany ChinaSource: World Trade Organization, 2011
  18. 18. US Service Trade Billions, 2010 $518 $160 billion $358 trade surplus Service Service Imports ExportsSource: World Trade Organization, 2011 (Data reflect Commercial Services)
  19. 19. Can the U.S. play in thelow carbon revolution?
  20. 20. 2.7 million clean economy jobsSources: Brookings-Battelle Clean Economy Database (2011)
  21. 21. 2.7 million clean economy jobs 1.4 million biosciences jobs 2.4 million fossil fuel jobs 4.8 million IT jobsSources: Brookings-Battelle Clean Economy Database (2011), Brookings Analysis of Battelle, BLS, Moody’s Analytics data
  22. 22. $53.9 billion clean economy exportsSource: Brookings-Battelle Clean Economy Database (2011) and Moody’s Economy.com
  23. 23. Export Intensity Yearly Export Earnings per Job $20,124 $53.9 billion clean economy exports $10,392 National Clean Economy EconomySource: Brookings-Battelle Clean Economy Database (2011) and Moody’s Economy.com
  24. 24. 35% manufacturing 68% manufacturing 90% manufacturing share of engineers share of R&D share of patentsSource: EOP “A Framework for Revitalizing AmericanManufacturing” (2009)Brookings “Accelerating Advanced Manufacturing with NewResearch Centers” (2011)
  25. 25. Can the U.S. be anInnovation Nation?
  26. 26. Shale Gas Fuels U.S. e ManufacturingChina Be gins to Los Renaissance r ld’s FactoryEdge as Wo January 10, 2013 Reshorin or US Names China On g ManufFlo Coming Abundant, affordable domestic natural gas Home acturing :January 16, 2 013 Intellectual-Property helping to revitalize energy-intensive is January a is losing it s competitive Watchlist industries like petrochemical 19, 2013 BEIJING - Chin g base, new cturin manufacturing. The num a low -cost manufa ing ber of fir edge as ith maker s of everyth have “res ms know n to data suggest ,w nic hored” m shirts to basic electroChinas insufficient protection of “Looking back 20 years, chemicals were Ame anufactu handbags to les. out nation’s top export product. But as rica is well unde r locaintellectual property rights remains a top ring to from relocatin g to cheape Doubtles r 100. components recently as five years ago, we were on the s many mo priority for U.S. trade policy, given the oreign qu re are do in weakened f "troubling" direction of recent governmentbecoming an importer. Nowietly. Examples ra verge of the ing so The shif t - illustrated ses and tiny, such nge from stme nt in C hina - has plu lobalmeasures aimed at supporting domestic is back. industry the enorm as ET Wa ter Syste the inve y key to g ous, such ms, to minu se s f o r an econom innovation, the U.S. Trade Representatives Electric, as Gener which las al growth . office said Monday. manufac t year mo turing of ved machines washing . fr back from idges, and heater China. s
  27. 27. 11% wage premium in exporting firms Greater likelihood of health and retirement benefits in export-intense industriesSource: Istrate, Rothwell & Katz, Export Nation (2010)
  28. 28. The U.S. must get smart... fast
  29. 29. Educational Attainment Associate’s Degree or Higher 56% 36% 39% 25% 19% United Asians Non-Hispanic African Hispanics States Whites AmericansSource: US Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey
  30. 30. 1 2 3 The next economy will be 2 largely metropolitan
  31. 31. Source: Brookings analysis of US Bureau of Economic Analysis data
  32. 32. GeorgiaAtlanta, Augusta, Chattanooga 61% 66% Population GDP
  33. 33. Georgia Atlanta, Augusta, ChattanoogaAlbany, Athens, Brunswick, Columbus, Dalton, Gainesville, Hinesville, Macon, Rome, Savannah, Valdosta, Warner Robins 82% 87% Population GDP
  34. 34. Top 100 Metro Exports Share of U.S. Totals 75% 66% 63% Population Service Manufacturing Exports ExportsSource: Brookings, ExportNation 2012
  35. 35. Top 100 Metro Exports Share of U.S. Totals 76% 78% 66% 68% Population Chemical Business/ Computer/ Products Professional Electronic Services ProductsSource: Brookings, ExportNation 2012
  36. 36. Top 100 Metro Trade Logistics Share of U.S. Totals 88% 92% 66% 82% Population U.S. Air Foreign Airline Cargo Waterborne Boardings Weight Cargo WeightSource: Brookings analysis of US Census Bureau, FAA, and PIERS data (2009)
  37. 37. Aerial imagery: © DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Sanborn, USGS, USDA FSA, warrior481.blogspot.com
  38. 38. Aerial imagery: © DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Sanborn, USGS, USDA FSA, warrior481.blogspot.com
  39. 39. Logistics Hub Multi-National CorporationsInternational Legacy of Olympics World Class Universities
  40. 40. Atlanta, GA Metro Manufacturing Dashboard Top Manufacturing Sectors Manufacturing Jobs 142,416 Manufacturing Manufacturing Intensity Growth 2010 Q1 - 2011 Q4 8.5% 4.3% 6.2% 2.7% Food 16.5% Plastics & Rubber 8.1% Computers & Electronics 7.5% Atlanta Atlanta US Metro US Fabricated Metal Products 6.8% Metro Printing & Support Activities 6.4%Source: Brookings, Locating American Manufacturing 2012
  41. 41. Atlanta, GA Metro Export Dashboard Goods & Services Exports Export Volume $20.0 B 52.8% 47.2% services share goods share of Export Jobs of exports exports 151,700 Top Services Sectors Top Goods Sectors Export Intensity 9.8% Travel & Tourism 18.9% Chemicals 7.9% 8.0% Transportation Business Services 12.1% Equipment 6.3% Top 100 Atlanta Royalties 6.8% Food 6.2% Metros MetroSource: Brookings, ExportNation 2012
  42. 42. Atlanta, GA Metro Export Dashboard Atlanta’s Top Export Destinations By 2010 Volume (in millions) Canada $3,070.3 Germany $843.9 Mexico $1,678.8 Brazil $621.3 Japan $1,430.4 South Korea $591.3 United $1,361.0 France $507.8 Kingdom China $1,028.6 Netherlands $478.2Source: Brookings, ExportNation 2012
  43. 43. Atlanta, GA Metro Global Aviation Dashboard Share of Atlanta Passenger Air Atlanta’s Top Air Travel Connections Travel to Major Global Regions By 2011 Total Passengers By 2011 Total Passengers Seoul 188,207 Latin America/ Rest of Caribbean World London 185,587 27.4% 36.8% Toronto 177,215 10.8% North 24.9% Cancun 165,260 America Western Europe Montego Bay 97,117Source: Brookings “Global Gateways: International Aviation in Metropolitan America” (2012)
  44. 44. Atlanta, GA Foreign Talent Dashboard Immigrant Profile H-1B Demand Profile 13.5% immigrant 29th of 100 metros 8,309 12th share of population H-1B requests of 106 metros Immigrant Skills H-1B Requests per Capita Age 25+ 43% 42% 3.6 28% 27% 30% 32% 2.4 17th of 106 metros US Atlanta US Atlanta US Atlanta United Atlanta Low Skilled Middle Skilled High Skilled States MetroSources: Brookings, State of Metropolitan America (2010), Geography of Immigrant Skills (2011), Demand for H-1B Immigrant Workers in US Metros (2012)
  45. 45. 1 2 3 Metropolitan areas METRO 3 are driving innovation INNOVATION
  46. 46. Innovate Locally
  47. 47. Market Assessment Metropolitan Export Planning Economic Profile Target Sectors 15% 12% 8% 9% 12% 13% 9% Establish Goals & Strategies SyracusePortland Double exports Support key sectors Minneapolis- Increase global fluency Boost SME exports Saint PaulLos Angeles Collaborate to Compete Firms Universities Governments Philanthropy
  48. 48. Metropolitan Export Planning Goal: Double exports in the next five years Target industries: computers and electronics, clean technology & innovationPortland Strategies: 1. Leverage primary exporters in computer and electronics 2. Catalyze under-exporters in manufacturing 3. Improve the export pipeline for small business 4. “We Build Green Cities” - brand and market Greater Portland’s global edge
  49. 49. Metropolitan Export Planning Goal: Double exports in the next five years Target industries: computers and electronics, clean technology & innovationPortland City of Portland Mayor’s Office
  50. 50. Goal: Double exports in the next five years Metropolitan Export Planning & foster more globally-fluent, export- oriented business culture Target industries: aerospace, computers and electronics, pharmaceuticals, film and television, professional services Strategies:Los Angeles 1. Establish the Los Angeles Regional Export Council 2. Target high-opportunity market segments 3. Market the Los Angeles region to the world
  51. 51. Goal: Double exports in the next five years Metropolitan Export Planning & foster more globally-fluent, export- oriented business culture Target industries: aerospace, computers and electronics, pharmaceuticals, film and television, professional services Los Angeles Regional Export Council City of Los AngelesLos Angeles University of University of Southern California Los California Angeles
  52. 52. The United States Conference of Mayors “Export Ready” Challenge
  53. 53. Metropolitan Export Planning Metropolitan Atlanta Export Plan Build on Metropolitan Atlanta’s Strengths Atlanta Goals Strategies Target industries Network
  54. 54. Innovate Locally Advocate Nationally
  55. 55. State Governments Florida Enterprise Florida 12 international offices state GDP added from export $3 b assistance & business development in 2011 Office of Freight, Logistics & Passenger Operations Coordinates multimodal freight statewide by aligning with regional freight strategies
  56. 56. State Governments Colorado Space Cluster states joining Colorado to advocate for 4 and promote space cluster initiatives $20m competitive matching grants for early-stage tech development in CO Ohio Third Frontier & Edison Tech Centers to foster innovation $700 m ecosystem in Ohio 2010-2016 regional centers providing innovation & 7 commercialization services
  57. 57. State Governments Georgia Exports & FDI 12 international offices worldwide FDI attracted statewide $2.8 b in 2012 Port investments/support in state committed or proposed funds for Port $231 m of Savannah expansion project
  58. 58. State Governments Georgia Exports & FDI 12 international offices worldwide FDI attracted statewide $2.8 b in 2012 Port investments/support in state committed or proposed funds for Port $231 m of Savannah expansion project
  59. 59. Federal GovernmentFree TradeAgreFree ntrade eme T Agreem eF ree Trade ntAgreement Trans-Pacific Partnership National Freight International Trade Export-Import Bank Strategy Administration Europe Reform Modernize & International Open New Export Immigration for Prioritize Trade Market Markets Financing Competitiveness Corridors Intelligence
  60. 60. Innovate Locally Advocate Nationally Network Globally
  61. 61. Toronto London Frankfurt New York Paris Tokyo Shanghai Lagos Sao Paulo Sydney
  62. 62. Detroit CologneMonterrey Chongqing Bogota Hanoi Chennai Johannesburg
  63. 63. Amsterdam London Frankfurt ParisAtlanta Beijing Tokyo Dubai Hong Kong Singapore Jakarta
  64. 64. Antioch SamarkandTyre Baghdad Tehran Lanzhou Xi’an Delhi
  65. 65. Antioch SamarkandTyre Baghdad Tehran Lanzhou Xi’an Delhi
  66. 66. GLOBAL CITIES INITIATIVE A JOINT PROJECT OF BROOKINGS AND JPMORGAN CHASE @bruce_katz #globalcities Atlanta, GA / March 20, 2013

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