Does Bullying Vary Between Genders• Answer: How did you decide on that question• I decided on this question because I thinks girls are the root of all evil and they created bullying.• What did you do to narrow/broaden your topic?• I did extensive pre searching I looked through a lot of library catalogs and databases.
Boys bully physically, girls bullypsychologically How did you answer your researchWhat is your argument? question?• My argument is that boys • I answered my research bullying in a more physical question by finding and animalistic way trying to information in books articles be the alpha male. Girls try to and websites. be the alpha female also but they do it through mental and psychological control or bullying.
My Research • The Article: Patterns of Adolescent Bullying & Behaviors, back up my argument by giving statistics on Verbal bullies which were led by Girls. • The book: Gender and Education, also back up my position on the attitudes of males and females wanting to be the alpha Dog or Cat • The website: http://suite101.com/article/the- differences-between-male-and-female-bullying-a218187 Made my argument valid when explaining that male bullies are physical and impulsive. • Image:Moviefan, Unknown.Rebecca1917version. N.d. Public Domain,Wikimedia Commons. Foter.com. Web. 5Nov. 2012.
Evaluation process• How did you decide that the three sources you discussed were credible and relevant to your project.• The article and the book were both written by professors and scholars from universities and the website was done by a novelist with twenty five years of experience.
What is Cyberbullying and what arethe effects?• This is a form of bullying• It is a newer form of bullying because of technological advances• I narrowed the topic down from bullying in general to virtual bullying
People feel more secure cyberbullyingthan they do traditional bullying• Cyberbullying is very similar to bullying in general in the effects aspect, but the internet supplies a certain security that real life bullying doesn’t.
Website• U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. "StopBullying.gov." What is Cyberbullying?. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. <http://www.stopbullying.gov/cyberbullying/what-is- it/index.html>.• “Cyberbullying can happen 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and reach a kid even when he or she is alone. It can happen any time of the day or night• Cyberbullying messages and images can be posted anonymously and distributed quickly to a very wide audience. It can be difficult and sometimes impossible to trace the source• Deleting inappropriate or harassing messages, texts, and pictures is extremely difficult after they have been posted or sent.” (stopbullying.gov)• This is a scholarly website because it is a government website
Book• Kowalski, Robin M., Sue Limber, and Patricia W. Agatston. Cyber bullying: bullying in the digital age. Malden, MA.: Blackwell Pub., 2008. Print.• It is written by experts in the field• “The internet is simply apart of life.”(2)• “The effects of cyberbullying are very similar to regular bullying such as depression, low self- esteem, helplessness, social anxiety, reduced concentration, alienation, and suicidal ideation.” (86)
Article• Snell, Patricia A., and Elizabeth K. Englander. "Cyberbullying Victimization And Behaviors Among Girls: Applying Research Findings In The Field." Journal Of Social Sciences (15493652)6.4 (2010): 508- 512. Academic Search Complete. Web. 6 Nov. 2012.• “One out of three teenagers who use the internet say they have been targeted for cyberbullying online.” (508)• “Cyberbullying is more common than traditional bullying.” (508)• The article is a scholarly article because it is from experts in the field and is from a scholarly journal
“The psychological effects ofbullying” (Answer: How did you decide on that question (what did you do to narrow/broaden your topic?))• I believe that this question was important in order to understand the psychological problems that come from bullying even after the bullying has stopped. Also to show the different problems that affect the victim’s life during the bullying process either at work, school, or everyday life. I was able to narrow the question from effects of bullying to psychological effects of bullying as I believe this would be a more interesting topic as these effects can be long lasting and can go unnoticed if a cause such as bullying is unknown and not addressed correctly. I was able to broaden the topic to include bullying not only in school, but at work and at home as well.
By revealing the psychological effectsof bullying, the public can see thevalue of bullying prevention. (What is your argument? (How did you answer your research question?))• My position is to bring awareness and explain the psychological effects of bullying in order to allow others to see problems that can come from it. I also wanted to show that bullying not only happens at school, but at the workplace later on in life and at home. To bring awareness to it’s problems and how serious they can be in hopes of more people taking action and working on solutions on reducing bullying in all aspects of life. Bullying can also take more subtle forms in which the effects aren’t as apparent even to the victim(s) but can also have long-lasting effects such as joking.
Research How do the books, articles and website (discuss as least one of each, so at least three resources) you found back up your position?• Book - Failing Grades: This book speaks mainly on the effects of bullying on a victim’s school success and therefore their future success.• Website - www.bullyonline.org: A detailed website with much information on bullying overall and it’s many psychological effects on the individual.• Article - Wolke D, Woods S, Bloomfield L, et al. Bullying involvement in primary school and common health problems. Arch Dis Child. 2001;85:197–201
Evaluation Process How did you decide that the three sources you discussed were credible and relevant to your project?• All of the resources I choose were relevant to the position that was proposed more so then other’s that dealt with bullying and listed it’s psychological effects and problems associated with it.• I also looked to sources of authority such as www.bullyonline.org which as an information source is ranked highly over other website sources.• The author’s credibility was also important with many having PHD’s and/or serving high positions in organizations dealing with the topic.
What are the Long-Term Effects ofBullying?• I decided on this question: ▫ Because I was curious about the topic ▫ I have an interest in self esteem. ▫ I broadened it from “How bullying effects self esteem”
The effects of bullying last wellbeyond childhood• Carrying characteristics of being victimized can hinder job market success.• Being bullied in the past and effect how academic environments are approached in the future.
Book• Kevorkian, Meline M., and Robin Antona. 101 facts about bullying: what everyone should know. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2008. Print.• “Bullying is a learned behavior” (57)• “Effective bullying prevention begins as proactive programs that work toward establishing a safe, friendly and caring social environment” (133)• Meline M. Kevorkian and Robin Antona cite their sources and case studies.
Website U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. "Effects of Bullying." StopBullying.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. <http://www.stopbullying.gov/at-risk/effects/index.html>. The Bully The Victim • Abuse alcohol and other drugs • Depression/ Sadness/ • Get into fights and drop out of Loneliness school • Anxiety issues • Criminal convictions • Changes in sleep/eating • Abusive towards others patterns • Loss of interest in activities they used to enjoy • Hindered social development • Decrease in academic achievementCredibility:It is a government website
Scholarly Article• ADAMS, FRANK D., and GLORIA J. LAWRENCE. "Bullying Victims: The Effects Last Into College." American Secondary Education 40.1 (2011): 4-13. Academic Search Complete. Web. 4 Oct. 2012.• The data suggest that students who are bullied in high school and/or junior high school continue to be victimized (called names, excluded from class activities, physically abused, etc.) in college.• Can’t make friends• Don’t know how to stand up for themselves when people say hurtful things.• Frank D. Adams and Gloria J. Lawrence are experts who cite different case studies.