Finding a research interest is like putting jigsaw puzzles together.The most difficult task here is to find the pieces made the image on your jigsaw seen.The more I tried to solve my jigsaw the more it puzzled me.Since the pieces for my jigsaw picture were found such places where they were least expected.Thus, I start from the very beginning…………
I was born in Moldova that was once part of the Soviet Union. Then at the age of 10 moved to the second-largest country in Europe, after France, Ukraine where I graduated from a teacher training college and 2 universities with Majors in Music and English. Travelling from one city to another I couldn’t even think that my neighborhood with the Black Sea would play a critical role in my life and would effect my scientific research.
Ukraine. April 26, 1986.A reactor at Chernobyl blew up and turned into the worst nuclear disaster in world history. It gave birth to an entirely new way of viewing industrial accidents and their root causes.The term‘safety culture’ was first coined in the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group’s report on Chernobyl accident.
Safety Culture is the way safety is perceived, valued and prioritized in an organization. It reflects the real commitment to safety at all levels in the organization. Safety Cultureis like a fish swimming in water - the fish does not really think too much about the water. Safety Culture has also been described as "how an organization behaves when no one is watching".
When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the citizens of the newly-formed countries of Eastern Europe found themselves suddenly thrust into a new era. Once they had relied on the Soviet system of socialism and central planning to dictate the minute details of their lives. Then, in the post-Soviet era, their newfound independence forced them to face a myriad of changes. All they once knew had disappeared—the old government, the old economy, and the old Marxist idealism had all collapsed. As the transition to a new way of life progressed, confusion and difficulties accompanied it, leaving the people of Eastern Europe frustrated and desperate for solutions to their problems.
Duringnewfound independence I studied at the Teacher training college and then at the university with Major in Music.Those degrees didn’t provide me with the profession that could help me make a living but they helped me find my passion that is HRD.Since I have taught for 20 years and worked with a variety of students I understood that teaching is not enough to make my students successful in life.Using pedagogy and psychology approach and music as a therapy tool I built my own and very successful methodology that was focused on the development of such students’ skills as assertiveness, communication, problem-solving and leadership.
I came to Odessa, the fourth largest city in Ukraine with a population of 1,029,000 , to study at the Pedagogical University with Major in Music.Odessa citizens are famous for their spirit of freedom, ironic humour, musical abilities and passion for sea.Beinga major seaport located on the northwest shore of the Black Sea and having a highly specialized and prestigious Maritime Academy it turned more than half of its citizens into merchant marine officers.I am sure there is a maritime virus in the air that made me and other people infected and thereby addicted to maritime field
Since No vaccination exists against a maritime virus being chronically ill I joined the group of people infected by maritime virus (among them there were my neighbours, spouses of my friends, my colleagues, friends of my colleagues……) I made 2 voyages working on the passenger ship. I participated in drills, learnt rules and regulations, launched the life boat, suffered from the seasickness (lost more than 10 kg/22lb (pounds during the 1st month of work), worked 20 hours per day, had no days off…..So had a great opportunity to learn what maritime life “from inside”.
After finishing my second university in 2006 with Major in English I started my work with Odessa National Maritime Academy (Navigation Department), the leading higher educational center in the country, which trains officers in all maritime specialties for sea-going, river and fishing fleet. About 8000 cadets and students study at Odessa National Maritime Academy. The annual graduation is about 1000 specialists.Nowadays over 150 foreign students from 25 countries are studying at ONMA. Having maritime experience I understood that in addition to their technical skills my students, future ship leaders, need well-developed communication skills.Again music integrated with English in Navigation helped me to develop not only communication and interview skills, but also assertiveness and leadership skills among my students.
The system of ship's crew training is in compliance with the requirements of the International Convention of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW -78/ 95) and other international conventions which give graduates the right to work on all types of vessels of native and foreign companies (in shipping companies all over the woThat STCW convention appeared because of the Titanicsinking in 1912 and the great loss of life.The high casualty rate when the ship sank was due in part to the fact that, although complying with the regulations of the time, the ship carried lifeboats for only 1,178 people.Titanic prompted the international community to seriously revise their laws concerning the safety of life at sea.
Titanic prompted the international community to seriously revise their laws concerning the safety of life at sea.20 January 1914: SOLAS - The International Convention for the safety of life at sea amendednew recommendations with regard to shipbuilding, wireless equipment; number of LBs, importance of lifeboat drills and lookouts, and navigation in ice fields (ice patrol)The International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (or STCW), was adopted in 1978 by conference at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in London, and entered into force in 1984. The Convention was significantly amended in 1995.Over the last 40 years or so, the shipping industry has focused on improving ship structure and the reliability of ship systems in order to reduce casualties and increase efficiency and productivity. We’ve seen improvements in hull design, stability systems, propulsion systems, and navigational equipment.
Today’s ship systems are technologically advanced and highly reliable.Yet, the maritime casualty rate is still high. Why? Why is it, with all these improvements, we have not significantly reduced the risk of accidents? It is because ship structure and system reliability are a relatively small part of the safety equation. The maritime system is a people system, and human errors figure prominently in casualty situations. About 75-96% of marine casualties are caused, at least in part, by some form of human error. Studies have shown that human error contributes to:• • 84-88% of tanker accidentsi• • 79% of towing vessel groundingsii• • 89-96% of collisionsiii,iv• • 75% of allisions3• • 75% of fires and explosions3Therefore, if we want to make greater strides towards reducing marine casualties, we must begin to focus on the types of human errors that cause casualties.
Olga Buchko Graduate Student (Ph.D.)Workforce Education & Development, HRD/OD The Penn State University Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
1976 – 1986 – 1991 – 1995 – 2001BessarabyaskaLatitude: 46°3311 NLongitude: 28°9728 E Sarata Latitude : 48°3794 N Longitude : 31°1655 E Odessa Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy Latitude: 46°2800. N Simferopol Latitude: 46°1666 N Longitude: 30°44‘00E Latitude: 44°5700. N Longitude: 30°2500 E Longitude: 34°05’00 E