Planning and Organizing Essays
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  • 1. Planning and Organizing an Essay
  • 2. What is an Essay?
    • An academic essay is a group of paragraphs that makes an argument about a topic.
    • An effective academic essay should:
      • introduce a topic
      • state that topic clearly
      • explain that topic through evidence and examples
      • make a argument or debatable conclusion about that idea.
  • 3. What is an Essay?
    • An essay has three main sections:
      • an introduction that states the topic of the essay and make a point through the Thesis Statement
      • supporting or body paragraphs that contain the supporting point that explain the details of the topic
      • a conclusion paragraph that ties all the points of the essay together and restates your main point.
  • 4. Essay Organization
    • An academic essay is usually organized into a pattern
      • A point-by-point pattern separates your essay sections by the points you are making
      • A subject-by-subject patter separates your essay sections by the subjects/objects/texts you are using.
      • A chronological pattern puts your essay sections in order according to time.
  • 5. Planning Your Essay
    • Begin planning for your essay by generating an Outline.
    • An outline is a visual layout of your essay. It can help you pre-plan your essay and the points you will be making.
    • In your outline, you should write out the main ideas or topic sentences of your essay.
  • 6. Planning Your Essay
    • Your outline should follow the general pattern below:
      • Introduction
        • Thesis Statement
      • Point/Subject/Event (as many as you are making in your essay)
        • Supporting evidence/examples
      • Conclusion
        • Restate Thesis