Planning and Organizing Essays

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Planning and Organizing Essays

  1. 1. Planning and Organizing an Essay
  2. 2. What is an Essay? <ul><li>An academic essay is a group of paragraphs that makes an argument about a topic. </li></ul><ul><li>An effective academic essay should: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>introduce a topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>state that topic clearly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>explain that topic through evidence and examples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>make a argument or debatable conclusion about that idea. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is an Essay? <ul><li>An essay has three main sections: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>an introduction that states the topic of the essay and make a point through the Thesis Statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>supporting or body paragraphs that contain the supporting point that explain the details of the topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a conclusion paragraph that ties all the points of the essay together and restates your main point. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Essay Organization <ul><li>An academic essay is usually organized into a pattern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A point-by-point pattern separates your essay sections by the points you are making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A subject-by-subject patter separates your essay sections by the subjects/objects/texts you are using. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A chronological pattern puts your essay sections in order according to time. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Planning Your Essay <ul><li>Begin planning for your essay by generating an Outline. </li></ul><ul><li>An outline is a visual layout of your essay. It can help you pre-plan your essay and the points you will be making. </li></ul><ul><li>In your outline, you should write out the main ideas or topic sentences of your essay. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Planning Your Essay <ul><li>Your outline should follow the general pattern below: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thesis Statement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Point/Subject/Event (as many as you are making in your essay) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting evidence/examples </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restate Thesis </li></ul></ul></ul>

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