A Review of Fertility Treatments
for Polycystic Ovarian Cancer ?
By Justin DiMateo
Polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS as it is often referred
to as, is a condition affecting many women of child bearing
age. In fact, some reports indicate that as few as 25% of
women with PCOS actually know they have the condition.
For many women, PCOS is not diagnosed until they begin to
try to get pregnant, as PCOS may lead to complications with
fertility. This condition may affect women's menstrual cycles,
hormone levels, appearance and their fertility.
Researchers believe that the increased production of insulin in
women with PCOS is what causes their body to react by
producing high levels of androgens, or male hormones.
The excessive male hormones affect the production of
hormones necessary for ovulation. Progesterone is not
produced because ovulation does not occur.
This is a necessary hormone that causes the thickening of the
uterine lining. Without it, periods may be absent or irregular.
In many cases, cysts develop.
In addition to infertility and irregular or absent periods,
women with PCOS may experience increased facial or body
hair growth, cysts in the ovaries, thinning hair, obesity, type II
diabetes, acne, PMS and pelvic pain.
There are specific fertility treatments to relieve PCOS that
women may explore to prevent these symptoms. Exactly
which treatment, or treatments, is recommended will likely
depend on the symptoms the woman is experiencing.
For treating infertility, women with PCOS may be encouraged
to lose weight, as this may improve hormone balance.
Medication to reduce insulin levels may also be
Women with high insulin may produce male hormones, which
may inhibit fertility. Certain fertility drugs may also be
recommended to help improve fertility as well.
Some fertility drugs work by blocking the estrogen receptors
in the brain to trick the body into thinking estrogen levels are
low. Other fertility drugs involve injections that stimulate
follicle production and ovulation.
Injection methods may be used if other fertility drugs are
unsuccessful. In vitro fertilization is another procedure that
may provide relief from infertility.
In this procedure, eggs from the female and sperm from the
male are combined in a dish in a laboratory to form embryos.
Once embryos are formed, a selection process may be held to
determine which embryos have the best chance of developing.
Once this has been completed, a select number of embryos
are transferred to the woman's uterus for implantation. In
some cases, some combination of the above mentioned
treatment may be recommended to improve the chances of
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