Ponente: Cesar Compadre, Profesor de la Universidad de Arkansas

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Ponente: Cesar Compadre, Profesor de la Universidad de Arkansas

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Ponente: Cesar Compadre, Profesor de la Universidad de Arkansas

  1. 1. Sandwich Doctorate House Institution Student Host Institution
  2. 2. The University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Graduate School
  3. 3. The University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
  4. 4. Campus Expansion <ul><li>Residence Hall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 177 rooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 bedroom apartments, efficiency apartments, and 2 room suites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Jones Eye Institute </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional floors for more clinical, education, and research activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hospital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New patient tower </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Psychiatric Research Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Winthrop P. Rockefeller Cancer Institute (new building being constructed) </li></ul>
  5. 5. About UAMS <ul><li>Research grants and contracts at UAMS and its affiliates exceed $100 million a year </li></ul><ul><li>Number of faculty has tripled in the past decade. </li></ul><ul><li>Out of 123 medical schools, 69 for NIH funding </li></ul><ul><li>7 buildings on campus house research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two Biomedical Research Centers, Barton Research Center, Arkansas Cancer Research Center, Institute for Aging, Shorey Building, and Jones Eye Institute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research also performed by UAMS faculty in the VA and at the Arkansas Children’s Hospital Research Institute </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Research interests <ul><li>Aging </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Drug and alcohol abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Neuroscience </li></ul><ul><li>Cell biology </li></ul><ul><li>Infectious diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Pulmonary research </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceutical Sciences </li></ul>
  7. 7. University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences <ul><li>College of Health Related Professions </li></ul><ul><li>College of Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>College of Nursing </li></ul><ul><li>College of Pharmacy </li></ul><ul><li>College of Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate School </li></ul>Over 2500 students (260 graduate students)
  8. 8. Graduate School <ul><li>M.S. degrees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biochemistry and Molecular Biology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary Biomedical Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pathology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharmaceutical Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physiology and Biophysics </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Graduate School <ul><li>M.S. degrees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical Nutrition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicative Disorders (Speech Pathology) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic Counseling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational and Environmental Health </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Graduate School <ul><li>Ph.D. degrees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biochemistry and Molecular Biology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary Biomedical Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary Toxicology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microbiology and Immunology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharmacology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physiology and Biophysics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharmaceutical Sciences </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Graduate School <ul><li>Ph.D. degrees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication Sciences and Disorders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Systems Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Promotion and Prevention Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing Science </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Student life <ul><li>GSA (Graduate Student Association), ASG (Association of Student Government), Student Activities and Housing </li></ul><ul><li>River Market </li></ul><ul><li>Clinton Presidential Library </li></ul><ul><li>Alltel Arena </li></ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arkansas Twisters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arkansas Travelers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Little Rock Zoo </li></ul>
  13. 13. Estimated biomedical sciences Ph.D. timeline <ul><li>First year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rotate in laboratories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take more courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Begin work on project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass qualifier at the end of second year </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Years 3-6 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finish up any classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research, research, research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write and defend dissertation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Average time to get Ph.D.~ 5 years </li></ul>Estimated biomedical sciences Ph.D. timeline
  15. 15. Application deadlines <ul><li>Many of the programs do not have set deadlines, but it is better to apply early in order to secure a spot in the program if you are accepted. </li></ul><ul><li>Feb. 15 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication Sciences and Disorders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic Counseling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microbiology and Immunology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>January 15 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing Science </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. General application requirements <ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><li>TOEFL (Students from non English speaking institutions) </li></ul><ul><li>General GRE scores </li></ul><ul><li>Subject GRE scores (this is very dependent on program) </li></ul><ul><li>Letters of recommendation (number varies) </li></ul><ul><li>Essay </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you submit all application requirements in a timely manner (prepare early) </li></ul>
  17. 17. What makes a competitive application? <ul><li>Grades </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General and major </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GRE scores </li></ul><ul><li>Letters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get from people that know your academic background and career goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research Advisors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Essay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can use essay to talk about any deficiencies in application </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research (especially important for Ph.D. programs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul>
  18. 18. GRE <ul><li>http://www.ets.org </li></ul><ul><li>What does it test? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The GRE® General Test measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills that are not related to any specific field of study.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 sections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verbal Reasoning: 200-800 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative Reasoning: 200-800 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analytical Reasoning: 0-6 </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Sandwich Doctorate House Institution Student Host Institution
  20. 20. Our Strategic Advantage <ul><li>Two institutions with the opportunity to form a synergistic collaboration in areas of common interest </li></ul><ul><li>UAMS </li></ul><ul><li>Bilingual Faculty experienced in working with Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Strong academic background </li></ul><ul><li>Strong record of scientific productivity </li></ul><ul><li>UTPL </li></ul><ul><li>Well organized </li></ul><ul><li>Support for the collaboration at the highest levels </li></ul><ul><li>A small but highly motivated pool of faculty </li></ul><ul><li>A pool of highly motivated students </li></ul><ul><li>Good and continuing improving infrastructure for “In situ” research </li></ul><ul><li>Focus in one of the highest biodiversity areas of the world </li></ul>
  21. 21. UTPL-UAMS Activities 2007 -2011 <ul><li>Memorandum of Agreement (8/2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property Agreements (in preparation) </li></ul><ul><li>UAMS Faculty visits UTPL (10 Faculty) </li></ul><ul><li>UTPL Faculty visits UAMS (10 Faculty) </li></ul><ul><li>Short term research visits by Faculty and Students (6 UAMS, 6 UTPL) </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Publications (1 accepted, 4 in preparation) </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Meeting Presentations (10) </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate Students (1 MS completed 6/2011, 3 accepted 2012) at UAMS </li></ul><ul><li>Visiting students at UTPL (2 , and 2 scheduled for 1/2012) </li></ul><ul><li>Distance courses (1 graduate, 1 undergraduate) </li></ul><ul><li>Weekly telemedicine conference </li></ul>
  22. 22. Challenges to “Sandwich” <ul><li>Students are highly stressed </li></ul><ul><li>Discontinuity in their academic progress </li></ul><ul><li>Students have difficulty integrating to the host institution environment </li></ul><ul><li>Students have difficulty reintegrating to their institutional environment </li></ul><ul><li>Language barrier </li></ul><ul><li>Family situation </li></ul><ul><li>Expen$$$ive </li></ul>
  23. 23. What we can we do <ul><li>The student: </li></ul><ul><li>This program is only for the most highly motivated students </li></ul><ul><li>The host institution: </li></ul><ul><li>Provide strong and supportive academic advisers that understand the nature of the “sandwich program” and are willing to help </li></ul><ul><li>Provide in-state-tuition </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a culture of working with the “Sandwich Students” </li></ul>
  24. 24. What we can we do <ul><li>House Institution: </li></ul><ul><li>Provide adequate economic support to the student, life is expensive in the USA </li></ul><ul><li>Provide conditions to work during the “ In situ ” periods, minimized teaching and administrative duties, research environment </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize the extraordinary effort that the “sandwich” student is making and provide commensurate salary at their return </li></ul><ul><li>Provide lots of recognition and encouragement </li></ul>
  25. 25. Acknowledgments House Institution Student Host Institution

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