Strategies for struggling readers the non reader


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  • Welcome to the webinar Strategies for Struggling Readers – The Non-reader. My name is Nicole Lakusta and I am the Ed Tech Facilitator for PSD in Stony Plain, Alberta.
    This topic is an important one as teachers are working with students of varying reading abilities and are always looking for more strategies to assist students in becoming independent readers.
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  • This quote reminds me that we need to make connections between reading and everyday life.
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  • Let’s dig in, here’s an Average middle years student - Brice
  • He is OK with going to school but certainly, if the opportunity arose, he’d rather do other things. Brice has a few comments about reading and himself….
  • This is boring and frustrating.
    I will misbehave, so I won’t have to read.
    I can’t understand this assignment.
    I will never learn to red for the rest of my life.
    I’m stupid – this is stupid – you’re stupid.
  • Ask participants to enter their thoughts into the CHAT room.
  • He is likely a non-reader who lacks the skills of a fluent reader. He reads below grade level and struggles with comprehension, phonics and vocabulary. Feelings of defeat have turned off his desire to read and he exhibits inappropriate behaviors to hide his inability to read and comprehend. He reads very little and does not like to read. He lacks effective word attack skills. He exhibits poor comprehension skills. And has limited language and vocabulary.
  • Ask participants to read from the document (have this ready to send out during the webinar) and share their thoughts in chat room.
  • Ask participants to read from the document (have this ready to send out during the webinar) and share their thoughts in chat room.
  • Patricia Martin and Peter Pappas developed the following offline of tools that teachers from K-12 can use with NON-READERS. I will briefly run through each of them since they are in the handout connected to this webinar.
  • 1. Assess and Conquer – reading, understanding vocab, requires independent thought, pair-share fore rehearsal and support, whole group for clarifying and feedback.
  • 2. Predicting ABC’s – activates schema and provides an easily accessed classification system of the words needed to complete a reading assignment. The activity can de done whole group to provide a reference tool for the non-reader. The words can easily be transferred to a word wall by teacher/students.
  • 3. K.I.M. (or KIC) – Simple and requires minimal writing. By making a sketch the student synthesizes and interprets the new information and makes it their own. Students can reference their drawings to remember the words.
  • 4. I'll Pause, You Think – enables the teacher to use content text while supporting the reading development of nonreaders. Once the process is mastered, it can become a form of peer or buddy reading between nonreaders and unmotivated but competent readers.
  • 5. What Do You Expect? – the expectation grid causes students to categorize their prior learning, ths matching isolated bits of info to the “big picture”. It creates their focus/purpose for reading, provides a organization for note-making while reading and creates a summary tool.
  • 6. Text Investigation – similar to SQ3R with multiple cueing to assist in word recognition and comprehension. It’s a six step strategy which activates the reader’s prior knowledge and builds background knowledge to allow the reader to make predictions and set an accurate purpose for reading. Most useful when there are no guiding questions.
  • Taking in consideration the work from Patricia, Peter and current action research on integrating technology into reading, here are a few ONLINE ideas to get those NON READERS motivated to read!
    I will show a majority of these online sites as screen shots and at the end I will try to app share and run through some actual online examples.
  • VOICE recording
    VOKI – students create an avatar, use a microphone and record their thoughts. This avatar can be emailed or embedded.
  • VOCAROO – is a quick and easy way to record someone’s voice then send it through an email or even embed it on a site. Used for short recordings.
  • AUDACITY is a free software program that you must download. It is a slick way to record voices, even add copyright-free music to make a podcast or audio message. It can be saved as an .mp3 or .wav file. The recording can be as long as you want.
  • GOANIMATE – a wonderful way to combine audio, video and animation! I have played with the free site, but did end up buying the GoPlus version since I liked it so much. It’s definitely an eye-catcher!
  • VIDEO activities
    DISCOVERY ED – love how the videos are divided into smaller clips, teachers have folders, they can differentiate the learning and assessments for individual students….
    TEACHER/YOUTUBE have been around awhile – if you cannot view them, don’t forget that you can “kick” the video you want and save it.
    KIDEOS is a great vetted site
    ANIMOTOedu is another site where students/teachers can instantly make a movie-like video. Upload photos/video clips, add text, add images, add music and you get a polished presentation!
    Smartboard Notebook, Inspiration, Kidspiration, Microsoft Word, Bubblus, Wordle, Student interactives from readwritethink – all are great sites and software programs to get students organized in their thoughts and learning.
  • Audio books are really a great way for NON-READERS to grab their attention into reading.
  • LOCAL public libraries are now offering both audio and e-books for students/general public to download.
  • Should be free w/library card at local library.
  • Cost
  • Free on learnalberta site
  • Free thru learnalberta
  • Into the Book offers great strategies for teachers when working on specific concepts like: activating prior knowledge, making connections, questioning, visualizing, etc….
  • Visual thesaurus - $$, free 14day trial version
  • Vocabgrabber is a fun site that takes a bundle of text and pushes out data about the text such as word frequency…
  • Visuwords™ online graphical dictionary — Look up words to find their meanings and associations with other words and concepts. Produce diagrams reminiscent of a neural net. Learn how words associate.
    Enter words into the search box to look them up or double-click a node to expand the tree. Click and drag the background to pan around and use the mouse wheel to zoom. Hover over nodes to see the definition and click and drag individual nodes to move them around to help clarify connections.
    It's a dictionary! It's a thesaurus!
    Great for writers, journalists, students, teachers, and artists.
    The online dictionary is available wherever there’s an internet connection.
    No membership required.
  • Easy and simple blog program for teachers and students to use – no email set up required by students. Settings can be individual, to whole class, to parents.
  • Edublogs -
  • Wikis – a great place to share information and provide an area for discussion. Also easy to use, embed info/widgets.
  • Get creative with storytelling by using Storybird – mainly an early years site.
  • Photostory– similar to Storybird.
  • Show the online-examples website and ask for any further questions.
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    I end this webinar with this quote and thank you for spending time with me today!
  • Strategies for struggling readers the non reader

    1. 1. Strategies for Struggling Readers The Non-Reader November 22, 2010 Nicole Lakusta Educational Technology Facilitator Twitter: @nlakusta
    2. 2. Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body. ~Richard Steele, Tatler, 1710
    3. 3. TOOLBOX 1. Assess and Conquer 2. Predicting ABC 3. K.I.M. (or KIC) 4. I'll Pause, You Think 5. What Do You Expect? 6. Text Investigation
    4. 4. Assess and Conquer
    5. 5. Predicting ABC
    6. 6. K.I.M. (or KIC)
    7. 7. I'll Pause, You Think
    8. 8. What Do You Expect?
    9. 9. Text Investigation
    10. 10. ONLINE 1. Voice recording - voki, vocaroo, audacity  2. Video activities - LearnAlberta, Discovery Education Canada, Youtube,  Teachertube, Animoto Edu 3. Concrete examples, organizers, demos - Smartboard Notebook,  Inspiration, Kidspiration, Microsoft Word, Bubblus, Wordle,  Student Interactives from readwritethink. 4. Audio books - Podiobooks, Librivox, AudioOwl and BooksShouldBeFree,  LearnOutLoud, Stony Plain/Spruce Grove/Edmonton Public Librairies  Overdrive subscriptions to download to computer/device, Tumblebooks,  Raz Kids, BookFlix,  TeachingBooks, Into the Book 5. Word analysis - Visual Thesaurus, VocabGrabber, Lexipedia, Visuwords 6. Publish work - set up an early years blog at Kidblog, Middle years/HS blog  at Edublogs, or even a wiki at Wikispaces, Storybird, PhotoStory 3.
    13. 13. Examples, Organizers, Demos
    14. 14. AUDIOBOOKS
    15. 15. WORD ANALYSIS
    16. 16. PUBLISH WORK
    17. 17. REFERENCES Allen, J., (1999). Words, Words, Words. York: Stenhouse Publishers. Allen, J., (2000). Yellow Brick Roads. York: Stenhouse Publishers. Allen. J., (2008). More Tools for Teaching Content Literacy. York: Stenhouse Publishers. Caldwell, J., & Leslie, L. (2009). Intervention Strategies to Follow Informal Reading Inventory Assessment. Boston: Pearson. Chapman, C., & King, R. (2003). Differentiated Instructional Strategies for Reading in the Content Areas. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press. Cunningham, et al. (1998). Month-by-Month Phonics for Upper Grades: A Second Chance for Struggling Readers and Students Learning English. Greensboro, NC: Carson-Dellosa Pub. Lipton, L. & Wellman, B. (2011). Groups at Work. Sherman, CT. MiraVia, LLC Nelson Levelled Books Catalogue. (2004). Struggling and Reluctant Reader Resources – Grades 4-8. Thomas Nelson. PSD Readers Wiki - Peter Pappas Blog site Spence, C., (2006). Creating a Literacy Environment for Boys. Australia: Thomson/Nelson Tankersley, K., (2005). Literacy Strategies for Grades 4-12. City: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Deve. Wormeli, R., (2004). Summarization in Any Subject. City: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Deve.
    18. 18. The worth of a book is to be measured by what you can carry away from it. ~James Bryce