T2 intro lackey

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T2 intro lackey

  1. 3. Discussion Topics <ul><li>Urban Rail Transit Modes </li></ul><ul><li>Design Vehicle Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Light Rail Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Light Rail Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Streetcars </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-Modal Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Design Criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Systems Integration </li></ul>
  2. 4. Urban Transit Modes <ul><li>Heavy Rail </li></ul><ul><li>Commuter Rail </li></ul><ul><li>Monorail </li></ul><ul><li>Light Rail </li></ul><ul><li>- Includes Streetcar </li></ul><ul><li>- Includes Vintage Trolley </li></ul>
  3. 5. Heavy Rail <ul><li>4 to 10 car trains </li></ul><ul><li>Grade separated </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd rail electrification </li></ul><ul><li>Expansive stations </li></ul><ul><li>Higher speed </li></ul><ul><li>Higher capacity </li></ul>Sydney, Aus Atlanta, GA
  4. 6. Commuter Rail <ul><li>Shares track with freight </li></ul><ul><li>Peak hour operations </li></ul><ul><li>Locomotive hauled or </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple powered units </li></ul><ul><li>Electric or diesel </li></ul><ul><li>Higher speed </li></ul><ul><li>Infrequent stops </li></ul><ul><li>Longer corridors </li></ul>WES Commuter Rail, Washington County, OR
  5. 7. Monorails <ul><li>Usually elevated </li></ul><ul><li>Slower speed </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple unit trains </li></ul><ul><li>Enclosed stations </li></ul><ul><li>Often automated </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary technology </li></ul>Las Vegas Sydney, Aus
  6. 8. Light Rail <ul><li>Typically 1 to 4 car trains </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t mix with freight </li></ul><ul><li>Electric or diesel </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 60 mph speed </li></ul><ul><li>More frequent stops </li></ul><ul><li>Includes streetcar or trolley </li></ul>Electric LRT, Portland, OR Electric Light Rail, Melbourne, Aus Diesel Light Rail, Ottawa, Canada Streetcar, Portland, OR
  7. 9. APTA Definition for Light Rail <ul><li>Light Rail is a mode of transit service (also called </li></ul><ul><li>streetcar , tramway , or trolley ) operating passenger </li></ul><ul><li>rail cars singly (or in short, usually two-car or three-car, </li></ul><ul><li>trains) on fixed rails in right-of-way that is often </li></ul><ul><li>separated from other traffic for part or much of the </li></ul><ul><li>way. Light rail vehicles are typically driven electrically </li></ul><ul><li>with power being drawn from an overhead electric line </li></ul><ul><li>via a trolley or a pantograph; driven by an operator on board the vehicle; and may have either high platform </li></ul><ul><li>loading or low level boarding using steps. </li></ul>
  8. 10. A Philosophy of “Fit” Melbourne, Australia
  9. 11. A Philosophy of “Fit” Portland, Oregon
  10. 12. Light Rail in the USA <ul><li>Dallas </li></ul><ul><li>St. Louis </li></ul><ul><li>Pittsburgh </li></ul><ul><li>Buffalo </li></ul><ul><li>Boston </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Baltimore </li></ul><ul><li>Tacoma </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle </li></ul><ul><li>New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Charlotte </li></ul><ul><li>Phoenix </li></ul><ul><li>San Diego </li></ul><ul><li>Portland </li></ul><ul><li>Sacramento </li></ul><ul><li>San Jose </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>Los Angeles </li></ul><ul><li>Denver </li></ul><ul><li>Salt Lake City </li></ul><ul><li>Cleveland </li></ul><ul><li>Houston </li></ul><ul><li>Minneapolis </li></ul>
  11. 13. Light Rail Alignments <ul><li>Exclusive right of way </li></ul><ul><li>Shared right of way </li></ul><ul><li>Railroad Interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>At-grade </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated </li></ul><ul><li>Underground </li></ul>
  12. 14. Light Rail Vehicle Considerations <ul><li>Alignment geometry </li></ul><ul><li>Travel speed </li></ul><ul><li>Passenger volume </li></ul><ul><li>Floor height </li></ul><ul><li>Platform height </li></ul><ul><li>Level boarding </li></ul><ul><li>Station length constraints </li></ul><ul><li>ADA accessibility </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Low Floors </li></ul><ul><li>Propulsion units above end trucks </li></ul><ul><li>Variable seating </li></ul><ul><li>Articulated </li></ul><ul><li>Double ended </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple doors on both sides </li></ul>Light Rail Vehicle Considerations
  14. 16. Light Rail Facilities <ul><li>Trackway </li></ul><ul><li>Trackwork </li></ul><ul><li>Structures </li></ul><ul><li>Stations </li></ul><ul><li>Park and rides </li></ul><ul><li>Ancillary buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Urban design </li></ul><ul><li>Roadways </li></ul><ul><li>Tunnels </li></ul><ul><li>Artwork </li></ul><ul><li>Amenities </li></ul><ul><li>Public restrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Landscaping </li></ul><ul><li>Utilities </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance Facility </li></ul>
  15. 17. Stations Sample subhead
  16. 18. Bridges and Structures <ul><li>Bridge Type </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Constructability </li></ul>
  17. 19. Tunnels <ul><li>Configuration </li></ul><ul><li>Depth </li></ul><ul><li>Stations </li></ul><ul><li>NFPA 130 </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilation </li></ul><ul><li>Access/Egress </li></ul><ul><li>Geology </li></ul><ul><li>Drainage </li></ul>
  18. 20. Operations and Maintenance Facility Sample subhead
  19. 21. Ancillary Buildings This is subhead or larger body copy
  20. 22. Light Rail Facilities – Design Priorities <ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Function </li></ul><ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Convenience </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Constructability </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul>
  21. 23. Light Rail Systems <ul><li>Traction Power </li></ul><ul><li>Overhead Catenary </li></ul><ul><li>Signals </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Central Control </li></ul><ul><li>Fire/Life Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Fare Collection </li></ul><ul><li>CCTV </li></ul>
  22. 24. Streetcars A member of the “light rail family” <ul><li>Generally smaller vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Almost always electric </li></ul><ul><li>Modern or vintage </li></ul><ul><li>Generally shares traffic lanes </li></ul><ul><li>Little new ROW acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Displaces minimum parking </li></ul>
  23. 25. Streetcars
  24. 26. Multi-Modal <ul><li>Priority of modal access </li></ul><ul><li>Convenience of transfers </li></ul><ul><li>Clarity of information </li></ul><ul><li>Safety of crossings </li></ul><ul><li>Security for patrons </li></ul>
  25. 27. Light Rail Design Criteria – Table of Contents <ul><li>Chapter 1 General </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 2 Civil and Structural </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 3 Track </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 4 Utilities </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 5 Landscaping </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 6 Stations </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 7 Tunnels </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 8 Light Rail Vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 9 LRT Operations </li></ul><ul><li>Facility </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 10 Traction Electrification </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 11 Electrical System </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 12 Signal System </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 13 Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 14 Corrosion Control </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 15 Crossing Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 16 Small Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 17 Parking Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 18 Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 19 Arts and Amenities </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 20 Noise and Vibration </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 21 Fare Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 22 Clearances </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 23 Bus Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 24 Security </li></ul>
  26. 28. Achieving Systems Integration Making it all work together <ul><li>Identify all interfaces - checklists </li></ul><ul><li>Establish guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Assign responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze, check, monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Overlay design documents </li></ul><ul><li>Control changes </li></ul><ul><li>Certification program </li></ul>
  27. 29. Questions and Discussions

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