Transportation is absolutely critical to our economic development, but if we want to continue to see these benefits we need to drastically reform our federal policy to reflect our current needs – people are spending too much, transit and other options are needed but not available, lower-income people spend a huge portion of their income on transportation, other countries are forging ahead on high-speed rail, etc. Car ownership is the biggest transportation expense for most families, averaging $5,000/year per car before gas and repairs are counted. Reduced car ownership translates into considerable household savings (CNT).Good transit access yields one less car per household, lowering the cost of living by $300-600/month. This is the equivalent of increasing income 10-20% tax free (CNT).Households are finding it convenient to live in DC with fewer cars… and therefore more pocket money. Between 2005 and 2008 passenger vehicle and motorcycle registrations in the District decreased by 11%. Per household vehicle ownership decreased by 16.8%During the same period, the District experienced a 3.5% increase in population and a 40.9% increase in per capita income.
“The application of smart growth strategies over the next 25 years could save as much as $250 billion, mainly in the form of infrastructure investment.” –Edward Gramlich, Federal Reserve Vice Chairman of the Board of GovernorsAccording to the U.S. Census Report, “The Market for Smart Growth,” smart growth savings could be:12% on road-building6% on water and sewer4% on annual operations.WHY?Rate of Land Development vs. Rate of Population Growth GraphThe rate of land conversion to urban uses is due more to modern settlement patterns than to population growth. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Resources Inventory, developed land in the contiguous United States increased 34 percent between 1982 and 1997. During the same 15-year period, population grew by about 15 percent; thus land consumption occurred at more than twice the rate of population growth. More than a quarter of all the land converted from rural to urban and suburban uses since European settlement occurred between 1982 and 1997 – a period of only 15 years. This graphic demonstrates the potential for more than 68 million additional acres of land to be developed by 2025 if current trends continue.
U.S. DOT’s Livability Initiative will enhance the economic and social well-being of all Americans by creating and maintaining a safe, reliable, integrated and accessible transportation network that enhances choices for transportation users, provides easy access to employment opportunities and other destinations, and promotes positive effects on the surrounding community. DOT will build on innovative ways of doing business that promote mobility and enhance the unique characteristics of our neighborhoods, communities and regions. DOT has already taken significant strides to improve livability through numerous programs.
HUD:OSHC FY12 = $150 m; retaining FY 10 levels; similar framework to existing programs$250m for expanding Choice Neighborhood pilot program (link with DOEd + DOJ)Rolling out new loan product – power saver loans for energy efficiency home improvement activities$3.69b for CDBG; focus on economic development and redevelopment; seeking communities to better align to Partnership principlesEPA:Sustainable Communities: $11.2 M funding ($4.2m increase over FY10) – would allow ~100 communities to get technical support; invest ½ funds in TA activities (~$4m)Learning more about cutting edge issues to share in comparable communitiesWork with States who look to change their policies to better improve sustainability of communitiesHigh visibility demonstration projects (green infrastructure like Greening America’s Capitals)Expand toolbox of technical assistance to benefit a broader number of communitiesCleaning Brownfields: $94.5M funding (20+ area wide planning grants; above 23 grants funded this year)Provide support to Cities in TransitionWater: $5m in grants to communities to encourage restoration of urban waterwaysState Revolving Fund: 20% of clean water; 10% drinking water funds for improving community water infrastructureDOT:FY12 budget does provide a reauthorization framework and structure – to allow for discussions while we move forward$556 billion over 6 years in a Transportation Trust Fund: Rail, Transit, Highway componentsRail – continued boost for HSR - $8.3 BFTA – more than double; plus reorganization to emphasize state of good repair, consolidated human service transportationFHWA – consolidated to 5 core programs; revamped to cover more road in NHS; livability program (TE, CMAQ, etc) – with focus on how all transportation users use these facilities (walk, bike, transit, freight)$3.4 b formulaCapacity building program to help moving forward MPO and States to reflect HUD-like sustainable communities planning effortsDiscretionary grant programInfrastructure Bank – loans and grants that focus on furthering national priorities: safety, state of good repair; livable communities; economic development; environmental sustainabilityTransportation Leadership Awards – to reward structural changes to further national goals at the State and Metro/regional level
Federal Transit Administration and the Partnership for sustainable Communities<br />Jarrett Stoltzfus<br />Office of Research, Demonstration and Innovation<br />Federal Transit Administration <br />
…and local government budgets…<br />U.S. Census 2002<br />1,393,978 pop.<br />U.S. Census 1950 <br />1,389,582 pop.<br />Source: Cuyahoga Co Land Use Maps – Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Planning Commission<br />
The Partnership for Sustainable Communities<br />
Roles in the Partnership<br />Housing and Urban Development<br /><ul><li>Community Development Block Grants
Rural Efforts</li></li></ul><li>Partnership for Sustainable Communities: FTA’s Role<br />
Regional engagement across the country<br />Showcase partnership efforts in each region<br />Enhanced policy focus on alternative transportation solutions<br />Public Transportation<br />Bike and Pedestrian<br />Rail<br />Leveraging other Partnerships<br />Rural = Dept of Agriculture<br />Health/Health Access = CDC, United We Ride/CCAM<br />Community Design = NEA<br />Climate/Energy = Dept. of Energy, NOAA<br />Recent Accomplishments<br />