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Essentials of Fire Fighting
6th Edition
Firefighter II
Chapter 20 — Fire Protection
Systems
Describe fire alarm systems.
Learning Objective 1
20–2
Fire alarm systems alert occupants and
other parties of an emergency
condition.
20–3
Alarm systems consist of several
components you should know about.
20–4
(Cont.)
CourtesyofRonMoore,McKinney(TX)FireDepartm...
There are several alarm system
components firefighters should know.
20–5
(Cont.)
CourtesyofRonMoore,McKinney(TX)FireDepart...
There are several alarm system
components firefighters should know.
20–6
(Cont.)
There are several alarm system
components firefighters should know.
20–7
(Cont.)
There are several alarm system
components firefighters should know.
20–8
REVIEW QUESTION
What are the basic components of
an alarm system?
20–9
There are several types of alarm
signaling systems in use.
20–10
(Cont.)
There are several types of alarm
signaling systems in use.
20–11
REVIEW QUESTION
How do protected premises and
station alarm systems differ?
20–12
Identify alarm initiating devices.
Learning Objective 2
20–13
Alarm-initiating devices send a signal
to the alarm system when fire is
present.
20–14
Pull stations allow occupants to
initiate the fire signaling system.
20–15
Heat detectors activate when
temperatures in monitored area
reach a predetermined point.
20–16
There are several types of fixed-
temperature detectors.
20–17
(Cont.)
20–18
There are several types of fixed-
temperature detectors.
Rate-of-rise detectors signal
when temperatures rise quickly.
20–19
There are several types of
rate-of-rise detectors.
20–20
Smoke detectors and alarms
both detect the presence of
products of combustion.
20–21
Photoelectric smoke detectors
can respond more quickly than
ionization- type.
20–22
Ionization smoke detectors react to
ionized molecules in the chamber.
20–23
There are several types of power
sources used for these devices.
20–24
The basic types of flame detectors
detect light in different spectrums.
20–25
Flame detectors are among the fastest
to respond, even in non-fire
conditions.
20–26
Fire-gas detectors operate by
detecting gases that may be
released.
20–27
Combination detectors combine
various systems into a single device.
20–28
REVIEW QUESTION
What are the major categories of
alarm-initiating devices?
20–29
Explain the ways automatic sprinkler
systems work.
Learning Objective 3
20–30
Automatic sprinkler systems are an
integrated system of pipes, sprinklers,
and control valves.
20–31
There are two general types of
automatic sprinkler systems.
20–32
CourtesyoftheU.S.Navy
Understanding sprinkler systems
also requires other information.
20–33
Sprinkler systems have several
effects on life safety during a fire.
20–34
Sprinkler systems are made up of
several components.
20–35
Sprinklers are fixed spray nozzles
that operate to discharge water.
20–36
All of the common release
mechanisms for sprinklers respond
to heat.
20–37
Sprinkler deflectors create the
discharge pattern of water
downward.
20–38
Sprinkler storage cabinets are
usually installed near a riser or
valve.
20–39
CourtesyofRonMoore,McKinney(TX)FireDepartment
Most system main water control
valves are indicating valves.
20–40
There are other operating valves
also used on sprinkler systems.
20–41
Waterflow alarms initiate when water
begins to flow in the system.
20–42
The water supply for a sprinkler
system must address several
considerations.
20–43
(Cont.)
CourtesyofRonMoore,McKinney(TX)...
The water supply for a sprinkler
system must address several
considerations.
20–44
REVIEW QUESTION
What are the fundamental aspects of
a sprinkler system?
20–45
Each type of sprinkler system requires
understanding of several concepts.
20–46
(Cont.)
Each type of sprinkler system requires
understanding of several concepts.
20–47
(Cont.)
Each type of sprinkler system requires
understanding of several concepts.
20–48
(Cont.)
Each type of sprinkler system requires
understanding of several concepts.
20–49
(Cont.)
Each type of sprinkler system requires
understanding of several concepts.
20–50
Residential sprinkler systems require
understanding of several concepts.
20–51
REVIEW QUESTION
How do the application methods for
sprinkler systems differ?
20–52
Describe standpipe and hose
systems.
Learning Objective 4
20–53
Standpipe and hose systems are
designed for a specific purpose.
20–54
Standpipe systems are made up of
several components.
20–55
Standpipe systems are regulated by
two NFPA®
standards.
20–56
Standpipe systems are classified in
three different groups.
20–57
There are several types of standpipe
systems you should know about.
20–58
(Cont.)
There are several types of standpipe
systems you should know about.
20–59
REVIEW QUESTION
How are standpipe systems
classified?
20–60
Explain the ways smoke
management systems work.
Learning Objective 5
20–61
Smoke management systems remove
and/or control the spread of smoke.
20–62
Smoke control strategies use various
methods to remove smoke.
20–63
Each type of smoke control systems
may be dedicated or non-dedicated.
20–64
The firefighters’ smoke control station
provides a location for monitoring.
20–65
REVIEW QUESTION
What types of smoke control
systems can be used at an incident?
20–66
• Many buildings are protected, partially
or fully, by fire protection systems that
range from simple to complex.
• These ...
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Transcript of "Chapter 20 power point"

  1. 1. Essentials of Fire Fighting 6th Edition Firefighter II Chapter 20 — Fire Protection Systems
  2. 2. Describe fire alarm systems. Learning Objective 1 20–2
  3. 3. Fire alarm systems alert occupants and other parties of an emergency condition. 20–3
  4. 4. Alarm systems consist of several components you should know about. 20–4 (Cont.) CourtesyofRonMoore,McKinney(TX)FireDepartment
  5. 5. There are several alarm system components firefighters should know. 20–5 (Cont.) CourtesyofRonMoore,McKinney(TX)FireDepartment
  6. 6. There are several alarm system components firefighters should know. 20–6 (Cont.)
  7. 7. There are several alarm system components firefighters should know. 20–7 (Cont.)
  8. 8. There are several alarm system components firefighters should know. 20–8
  9. 9. REVIEW QUESTION What are the basic components of an alarm system? 20–9
  10. 10. There are several types of alarm signaling systems in use. 20–10 (Cont.)
  11. 11. There are several types of alarm signaling systems in use. 20–11
  12. 12. REVIEW QUESTION How do protected premises and station alarm systems differ? 20–12
  13. 13. Identify alarm initiating devices. Learning Objective 2 20–13
  14. 14. Alarm-initiating devices send a signal to the alarm system when fire is present. 20–14
  15. 15. Pull stations allow occupants to initiate the fire signaling system. 20–15
  16. 16. Heat detectors activate when temperatures in monitored area reach a predetermined point. 20–16
  17. 17. There are several types of fixed- temperature detectors. 20–17 (Cont.)
  18. 18. 20–18 There are several types of fixed- temperature detectors.
  19. 19. Rate-of-rise detectors signal when temperatures rise quickly. 20–19
  20. 20. There are several types of rate-of-rise detectors. 20–20
  21. 21. Smoke detectors and alarms both detect the presence of products of combustion. 20–21
  22. 22. Photoelectric smoke detectors can respond more quickly than ionization- type. 20–22
  23. 23. Ionization smoke detectors react to ionized molecules in the chamber. 20–23
  24. 24. There are several types of power sources used for these devices. 20–24
  25. 25. The basic types of flame detectors detect light in different spectrums. 20–25
  26. 26. Flame detectors are among the fastest to respond, even in non-fire conditions. 20–26
  27. 27. Fire-gas detectors operate by detecting gases that may be released. 20–27
  28. 28. Combination detectors combine various systems into a single device. 20–28
  29. 29. REVIEW QUESTION What are the major categories of alarm-initiating devices? 20–29
  30. 30. Explain the ways automatic sprinkler systems work. Learning Objective 3 20–30
  31. 31. Automatic sprinkler systems are an integrated system of pipes, sprinklers, and control valves. 20–31
  32. 32. There are two general types of automatic sprinkler systems. 20–32 CourtesyoftheU.S.Navy
  33. 33. Understanding sprinkler systems also requires other information. 20–33
  34. 34. Sprinkler systems have several effects on life safety during a fire. 20–34
  35. 35. Sprinkler systems are made up of several components. 20–35
  36. 36. Sprinklers are fixed spray nozzles that operate to discharge water. 20–36
  37. 37. All of the common release mechanisms for sprinklers respond to heat. 20–37
  38. 38. Sprinkler deflectors create the discharge pattern of water downward. 20–38
  39. 39. Sprinkler storage cabinets are usually installed near a riser or valve. 20–39 CourtesyofRonMoore,McKinney(TX)FireDepartment
  40. 40. Most system main water control valves are indicating valves. 20–40
  41. 41. There are other operating valves also used on sprinkler systems. 20–41
  42. 42. Waterflow alarms initiate when water begins to flow in the system. 20–42
  43. 43. The water supply for a sprinkler system must address several considerations. 20–43 (Cont.) CourtesyofRonMoore,McKinney(TX) FireDepartment
  44. 44. The water supply for a sprinkler system must address several considerations. 20–44
  45. 45. REVIEW QUESTION What are the fundamental aspects of a sprinkler system? 20–45
  46. 46. Each type of sprinkler system requires understanding of several concepts. 20–46 (Cont.)
  47. 47. Each type of sprinkler system requires understanding of several concepts. 20–47 (Cont.)
  48. 48. Each type of sprinkler system requires understanding of several concepts. 20–48 (Cont.)
  49. 49. Each type of sprinkler system requires understanding of several concepts. 20–49 (Cont.)
  50. 50. Each type of sprinkler system requires understanding of several concepts. 20–50
  51. 51. Residential sprinkler systems require understanding of several concepts. 20–51
  52. 52. REVIEW QUESTION How do the application methods for sprinkler systems differ? 20–52
  53. 53. Describe standpipe and hose systems. Learning Objective 4 20–53
  54. 54. Standpipe and hose systems are designed for a specific purpose. 20–54
  55. 55. Standpipe systems are made up of several components. 20–55
  56. 56. Standpipe systems are regulated by two NFPA® standards. 20–56
  57. 57. Standpipe systems are classified in three different groups. 20–57
  58. 58. There are several types of standpipe systems you should know about. 20–58 (Cont.)
  59. 59. There are several types of standpipe systems you should know about. 20–59
  60. 60. REVIEW QUESTION How are standpipe systems classified? 20–60
  61. 61. Explain the ways smoke management systems work. Learning Objective 5 20–61
  62. 62. Smoke management systems remove and/or control the spread of smoke. 20–62
  63. 63. Smoke control strategies use various methods to remove smoke. 20–63
  64. 64. Each type of smoke control systems may be dedicated or non-dedicated. 20–64
  65. 65. The firefighters’ smoke control station provides a location for monitoring. 20–65
  66. 66. REVIEW QUESTION What types of smoke control systems can be used at an incident? 20–66
  67. 67. • Many buildings are protected, partially or fully, by fire protection systems that range from simple to complex. • These systems can perform a variety of functions and it is important that these are identified during preincident surveys to ensure firefighters understand how to operate in these structures. Summary 20–67
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