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Essentials of Fire Fighting
6th Edition
Firefighter I
Chapter 18 — Loss Control
Explain the philosophy of loss
control.
Learning Objective 1
18–2
Loss control activities minimize loss to
property before, during, and after a
fire.
18–3
The are two types of damage it is
important to know about.
18–4
Two tactics firefighters use are
intended to reduce property damage.
18–5
REVIEW QUESTION
How does the philosophy of loss
control impact fire suppression?
18–6
Describe the ways preincident
planning impacts loss control.
Learning Objective 2
18–7
Preincident planning can help
identify special loss control-related
concerns.
18–8
Preincident plans vary depending on
the type of occupancy.
18–9
Residential
occupancies
Commercial properties
REVIEW QUESTION
In what ways can preincident
planning influence loss control?
18–10
Determine appropriate salvage
procedures.
Learning Objective 3
18–11
Compare and contrast different
types of salvage covers.
Learning Objective 4
18–12
Salvage begins upon arrival on scene
and continues until the last unit leaves.
18–13
There are various ways to perform
salvage and the choice of
procedure depends on several
factors.
18–14
Salvage procedures include three
main methods of protecting contents.
18–15
There are several salvage techniques
firefighters should understand.
18–16
Commercial occupancies may
present unique challenges.
18–17
Water presents a number of
challenges during salvage
operations.
18–18
REVIEW QUESTION
What is the best way to determine
appropriate salvage procedures?
18–19
Salvage operation assignments
vary depending on the department.
18–20
There are various types and
sizes of salvage covers.
18–21
Disposabl
e heavy-
duty
plastic
Proper maintenance can help increase
the service life of a salvage cover.
18–22
Salvage requires a specific collection of
tools and equipment stored in a
designated toolbox or container.
18–23
(Cont.)
Salvage requires a specific collection of
tools and equipment stored in a
designated toolbox or container.
18–24
(Cont.)
A...
Salvage requires a specific collection of
tools and equipment stored in a
designated toolbox or container.
18–25
(Cont.)
F...
Salvage requires a specific collection of
tools and equipment stored in a
designated toolbox or container.
18–26
(Cont.)
D...
Salvage requires a specific collection of
tools and equipment stored in a
designated toolbox or container.
18–27
REVIEW QUESTION
What are the different types of
salvage covers commonly used in the
fire service?
18–28
Explain ways to fold, roll, spread,
and improvise with salvage covers.
Learning Objective 5
18–29
Describe ways to cover openings
during salvage operations.
Learning Objective 6
18–30
There are several different methods
for folding/rolling and spreading
covers.
18–31
Improvised salvage covers catch and
route water away from a location.
18–32
REVIEW QUESTION
Why is it necessary to know several
ways to fold, roll, spread, and
improvise with salvage covers?
18–33
Covering openings is critical to
prevent further damage to the
property.
18–34
REVIEW QUESTION
What ways can firefighters cover
openings during salvage operations?
18–35
Explain methods used to maintain
fire safety during overhaul.
Learning Objective 7
18–36
Describe factors that influence
locating hidden fires.
Learning Objective 8
18–37
Identify different overhaul
procedures.
Learning Objective 9
18–38
Indicate the ways a thermal imager
can be used during overhaul.
Learning Objective 10
18–39
Overhaul consists of activities
conducted once the main body of a
fire is extinguished.
18–40
Overhaul begins once authorization is
given by two personnel.
18–41
A variety of tools and equipment are
used during overhaul.
18–42
Specific personnel perform
different duties during overhaul.
18–43
Safety is the first consideration that
must be addressed before overhaul.
18–44
Toxic gases produced from
smoldering fire are a significant
threat.
18–45
CAUTION
Wear proper protective clothing
including self-contained breathing
apparatus (SCBA) until the atmosphere
has been ...
Many other hazards are present
during overhaul that you should be
aware of.
18–47
Charged hoselines are required during
overhaul due to threat of reignition.
18–48
Situational awareness and a focus on
safety are critical during overhaul.
18–49
REVIEW QUESTION
What methods can be used to
maintain fire safety during overhaul
operations?
18–50
The structural condition of an area
must be evaluated before searching
for hidden fires.
18–51
There are several indicators of
possible loss of structural integrity.
18–52
(Cont.)
There are several indicators of
possible loss of structural integrity.
18–53
There are four methods to use when
locating hidden fires.
18–54
REVIEW QUESTION
How can a firefighter describe the
factors that influence locating hidden
fires?
18–55
Overhaul procedures should begin as
soon as possible after the order is
given.
18–56
(Cont.)
Overhaul procedures should begin as
soon as possible after the order is
given.
18–57
(Cont.)
Overhaul procedures should begin as
soon as possible after the order is
given.
18–58
(Cont.)
CAUTION
When pulling any ceiling, stand clear of
any falling debris.
18–59
Overhaul procedures should begin as
soon as possible after the order is
given.
18–60
REVIEW QUESTION
What are some of the overhaul
procedures used in the fire service?
18–61
Using thermal imagers during
overhaul has benefits and
disadvantages.
18–62
REVIEW QUESTION
How can using a thermal imager be
useful during overhaul?
18–63
• Loss control is an important component
of fire department service delivery with
the philosophy of minimizing secondary
d...
• It is very important for fire personnel to
identify and protect valuable contents
in structures affected by fire as well...
• Taking a customer-service oriented
approach to loss control ensures that
citizens’ property is adequately
protected and ...
Clean, inspect, and repair a salvage
cover.
This objective is measured in Skill
Sheet 18-I-1.
Learning Objective 11
18–67
Roll a salvage cover for a one-
firefighter spread.
This objective is measured in Skill
Sheet 18-I-2.
Learning Objective 1...
Spread a rolled salvage cover —
One-firefighter method.
This objective is measured in Skill
Sheet 18-I-3.
Learning Objecti...
Fold a salvage cover for a one-
firefighter spread.
This objective is measured in Skill
Sheet 18-I-4.
Learning Objective 1...
Spread a folded salvage cover —
One-firefighter method.
This objective is measured in Skill
Sheet 18-I-5.
Learning Objecti...
Fold a salvage cover for a two-
firefighter spread.
This objective is measured in Skill
Sheet 18-I-6.
Learning Objective 1...
Spread a folded salvage cover —
Two-firefighter balloon throw.
This objective is measured in Skill
Sheet 18-I-7.
Learning ...
Construct a water chute without pike
poles.
This objective is measured in Skill
Sheet 18-I-8.
Learning Objective 18
18–74
Construct a water chute with pike
poles.
This objective is measured in Skill
Sheet 18-I-9.
Learning Objective 19
18–75
Construct a catchall.
This objective is measured in Skill
Sheet 18-I-10.
Learning Objective 20
18–76
Make a chute and attach it to a
catchall.
This objective is measured in Skill
Sheet 18-I-11.
Learning Objective 21
18–77
Locate and extinguish hidden fires.
This objective is measured in Skill
Sheet 18-I-12.
Learning Objective 22
18–78
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  1. 1. Essentials of Fire Fighting 6th Edition Firefighter I Chapter 18 — Loss Control
  2. 2. Explain the philosophy of loss control. Learning Objective 1 18–2
  3. 3. Loss control activities minimize loss to property before, during, and after a fire. 18–3
  4. 4. The are two types of damage it is important to know about. 18–4
  5. 5. Two tactics firefighters use are intended to reduce property damage. 18–5
  6. 6. REVIEW QUESTION How does the philosophy of loss control impact fire suppression? 18–6
  7. 7. Describe the ways preincident planning impacts loss control. Learning Objective 2 18–7
  8. 8. Preincident planning can help identify special loss control-related concerns. 18–8
  9. 9. Preincident plans vary depending on the type of occupancy. 18–9 Residential occupancies Commercial properties
  10. 10. REVIEW QUESTION In what ways can preincident planning influence loss control? 18–10
  11. 11. Determine appropriate salvage procedures. Learning Objective 3 18–11
  12. 12. Compare and contrast different types of salvage covers. Learning Objective 4 18–12
  13. 13. Salvage begins upon arrival on scene and continues until the last unit leaves. 18–13
  14. 14. There are various ways to perform salvage and the choice of procedure depends on several factors. 18–14
  15. 15. Salvage procedures include three main methods of protecting contents. 18–15
  16. 16. There are several salvage techniques firefighters should understand. 18–16
  17. 17. Commercial occupancies may present unique challenges. 18–17
  18. 18. Water presents a number of challenges during salvage operations. 18–18
  19. 19. REVIEW QUESTION What is the best way to determine appropriate salvage procedures? 18–19
  20. 20. Salvage operation assignments vary depending on the department. 18–20
  21. 21. There are various types and sizes of salvage covers. 18–21 Disposabl e heavy- duty plastic
  22. 22. Proper maintenance can help increase the service life of a salvage cover. 18–22
  23. 23. Salvage requires a specific collection of tools and equipment stored in a designated toolbox or container. 18–23 (Cont.)
  24. 24. Salvage requires a specific collection of tools and equipment stored in a designated toolbox or container. 18–24 (Cont.) Automatic Sprinkler Kit
  25. 25. Salvage requires a specific collection of tools and equipment stored in a designated toolbox or container. 18–25 (Cont.) Floor runnersCarryall
  26. 26. Salvage requires a specific collection of tools and equipment stored in a designated toolbox or container. 18–26 (Cont.) Dewatering device Water vacuum
  27. 27. Salvage requires a specific collection of tools and equipment stored in a designated toolbox or container. 18–27
  28. 28. REVIEW QUESTION What are the different types of salvage covers commonly used in the fire service? 18–28
  29. 29. Explain ways to fold, roll, spread, and improvise with salvage covers. Learning Objective 5 18–29
  30. 30. Describe ways to cover openings during salvage operations. Learning Objective 6 18–30
  31. 31. There are several different methods for folding/rolling and spreading covers. 18–31
  32. 32. Improvised salvage covers catch and route water away from a location. 18–32
  33. 33. REVIEW QUESTION Why is it necessary to know several ways to fold, roll, spread, and improvise with salvage covers? 18–33
  34. 34. Covering openings is critical to prevent further damage to the property. 18–34
  35. 35. REVIEW QUESTION What ways can firefighters cover openings during salvage operations? 18–35
  36. 36. Explain methods used to maintain fire safety during overhaul. Learning Objective 7 18–36
  37. 37. Describe factors that influence locating hidden fires. Learning Objective 8 18–37
  38. 38. Identify different overhaul procedures. Learning Objective 9 18–38
  39. 39. Indicate the ways a thermal imager can be used during overhaul. Learning Objective 10 18–39
  40. 40. Overhaul consists of activities conducted once the main body of a fire is extinguished. 18–40
  41. 41. Overhaul begins once authorization is given by two personnel. 18–41
  42. 42. A variety of tools and equipment are used during overhaul. 18–42
  43. 43. Specific personnel perform different duties during overhaul. 18–43
  44. 44. Safety is the first consideration that must be addressed before overhaul. 18–44
  45. 45. Toxic gases produced from smoldering fire are a significant threat. 18–45
  46. 46. CAUTION Wear proper protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) until the atmosphere has been proven safe. 18–46
  47. 47. Many other hazards are present during overhaul that you should be aware of. 18–47
  48. 48. Charged hoselines are required during overhaul due to threat of reignition. 18–48
  49. 49. Situational awareness and a focus on safety are critical during overhaul. 18–49
  50. 50. REVIEW QUESTION What methods can be used to maintain fire safety during overhaul operations? 18–50
  51. 51. The structural condition of an area must be evaluated before searching for hidden fires. 18–51
  52. 52. There are several indicators of possible loss of structural integrity. 18–52 (Cont.)
  53. 53. There are several indicators of possible loss of structural integrity. 18–53
  54. 54. There are four methods to use when locating hidden fires. 18–54
  55. 55. REVIEW QUESTION How can a firefighter describe the factors that influence locating hidden fires? 18–55
  56. 56. Overhaul procedures should begin as soon as possible after the order is given. 18–56 (Cont.)
  57. 57. Overhaul procedures should begin as soon as possible after the order is given. 18–57 (Cont.)
  58. 58. Overhaul procedures should begin as soon as possible after the order is given. 18–58 (Cont.)
  59. 59. CAUTION When pulling any ceiling, stand clear of any falling debris. 18–59
  60. 60. Overhaul procedures should begin as soon as possible after the order is given. 18–60
  61. 61. REVIEW QUESTION What are some of the overhaul procedures used in the fire service? 18–61
  62. 62. Using thermal imagers during overhaul has benefits and disadvantages. 18–62
  63. 63. REVIEW QUESTION How can using a thermal imager be useful during overhaul? 18–63
  64. 64. • Loss control is an important component of fire department service delivery with the philosophy of minimizing secondary damage to structures and their contents during and after fire control operations. • Salvage and overhaul operations are two of the most effective means of loss control. Summary 18–64 (Cont.)
  65. 65. • It is very important for fire personnel to identify and protect valuable contents in structures affected by fire as well as searching for hidden fires so rekindling does not occur. Summary 18–65 (Cont.)
  66. 66. • Taking a customer-service oriented approach to loss control ensures that citizens’ property is adequately protected and that the reputation of the fire service is held in the highest regard. Summary 18–66
  67. 67. Clean, inspect, and repair a salvage cover. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 18-I-1. Learning Objective 11 18–67
  68. 68. Roll a salvage cover for a one- firefighter spread. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 18-I-2. Learning Objective 12 18–68
  69. 69. Spread a rolled salvage cover — One-firefighter method. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 18-I-3. Learning Objective 13 18–69
  70. 70. Fold a salvage cover for a one- firefighter spread. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 18-I-4. Learning Objective 14 18–70
  71. 71. Spread a folded salvage cover — One-firefighter method. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 18-I-5. Learning Objective 15 18–71
  72. 72. Fold a salvage cover for a two- firefighter spread. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 18-I-6. Learning Objective 16 18–72
  73. 73. Spread a folded salvage cover — Two-firefighter balloon throw. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 18-I-7. Learning Objective 17 18–73
  74. 74. Construct a water chute without pike poles. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 18-I-8. Learning Objective 18 18–74
  75. 75. Construct a water chute with pike poles. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 18-I-9. Learning Objective 19 18–75
  76. 76. Construct a catchall. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 18-I-10. Learning Objective 20 18–76
  77. 77. Make a chute and attach it to a catchall. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 18-I-11. Learning Objective 21 18–77
  78. 78. Locate and extinguish hidden fires. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 18-I-12. Learning Objective 22 18–78
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