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    Chapter 15 ffi Chapter 15 ffi Presentation Transcript

    • Essentials of Fire Fighting 6th Edition Firefighter I Chapter 15 — Fire Hose
    • Explain basic fire hose characteristics. Learning Objective 1 15–2
    • Each type of fire hose transports water for on scene operations. 15–3
    • To be reliable fire hose must be constructed, used, and maintained appropriately. 15–4
    • Hose size measurements in diameter refer to the internal diameter. 15–5
    • Hose size measurements in length refer to a manufactured section of hose. 15–6
    • Fire hose couplings are used to make connections to hose and equipment. 15–7
    • Fire hose couplings are categorized by the way they are manufactured. 15–8
    • Threaded couplings have male and female parts. 15–9
    • CAUTION Connect couplings hand tight to avoid damage to the coupling and gasket. 15–10
    • Couplings have other parts including different cuts, sizes, and gaskets. 15–11
    • Lugs and handles help to tighten and loosen hose connections. 15–12
    • Nonthreaded couplings are connected with locks or cams. 15–13
    • REVIEW QUESTION What are the three basic fire hose characteristics a firefighter must understand? 15–14
    • Describe different causes of and prevention methods for hose damage. Learning Objective 2 15–15
    • Mechanical damage can occur in several ways to a fire hose. 15–16 Slices, rips, abrasions, crushed, cracked
    • There are many ways to prevent mechanical damage. 15–17 (Cont.)
    • There are many ways to prevent mechanical damage. 15–18
    • Thermal damage can result from exposure to excessive temperatures. 15–19 Caused by excessive heat/cold, direct flame contact Can char, melt, weaken, dehydrate linings
    • There are may ways to prevent thermal damage to fire hose. 15–20
    • Organic damage to fire hose can weaken the jacket and lead to ruptures. 15–21 Mildew and mold
    • Firefighters should know the methods to prevent organic damage. 15–22
    • There are several types of chemical damage that may occur to fire hose. 15–23
    • Preventing chemical damage requires following specific cleaning practices. 15–24
    • Corrosion is a type of damage that weakens or destroys metal hose parts. 15–25
    • Age deterioration is caused by leaving a hose in an apparatus for a long time. 15–26
    • REVIEW QUESTION How are thermal damage and corrosion in a hose similar or different? 15–27
    • Identify basic inspection, care, and maintenance methods for fire hose. Learning Objective 3 15–28
    • Inspecting a fire hose requires following a schedule and reporting process if deficiencies are found. 15–29
    • The method of washing a hose will depend on the type of hose. 15–30
    • Drying a hose also requires different methods for various types of hose. 15–31
    • Storing hose is usually done on racks that may be mounted or stand free. 15–32
    • CAUTION Never store solvents, petroleum products, or other chemicals close to fire hose and couplings. 15–33
    • There are several methods to prevent damage to stored hose stored in racks. 15–34
    • Fire hose couplings can be damaged even though designed to be durable. 15–35 Female Male
    • When caring for fire hose couplings you should follow these guidelines. 15–36
    • REVIEW QUESTION What are the steps taken to perform basic inspection and maintenance for fire hose? 15–37
    • Compare various uses for hose appliances and tools. Learning Objective 4 15–38
    • Hose appliances include a variety of hardware used in conjunction with hose. 15–39
    • There are several types of hose tools that firefighters should know about. 15–40 (Cont.)
    • CAUTION Never stand over the handle of a hose clamp when applying or releasing it. The handle or frame may pop open and swing upward violently. 15–41
    • There are several types of hose tools that firefighters should know about. 15–42
    • REVIEW QUESTION What are the types of hose appliances and tools a firefighter may need to use? 15–43
    • Describe basic hose rolls. Learning Objective 5 15–44
    • The straight roll is the simplest of all hose rolls. 15–45
    • The donut roll is used in situations where the hose will likely be deployed for use directly from a roll. 15–46
    • The twin donut roll creates a compact roll that is easily transported. 15–47
    • The self-locking twin donut roll adds a built-in carrying loop for the hose. 15–48
    • REVIEW QUESTION When should firefighters use basic hose rolls? 15–49
    • Explain basic hose loads and finishes. Learning Objective 6 15–50
    • There are several basic facts about hose that firefighters should know. 15–51
    • A flat load is the easiest way to load fire hose and is suitable for any size. 15–52
    • The accordion load is named for how the hose appears after it is loaded. 15–53
    • A horseshoe load is loaded in a U- shape around the perimeter of the hose bed and works toward the center. 15–54
    • A combination load is used with split hose beds loaded with threaded-coupling hose. 15–55
    • Hose load finishes can also be added to increase the versatility of a load. 15–56
    • A high-rise pack provides enough attack hose to operate from a standpipe connection and can be carried alone. 15–57 CourtesyofRickMontemorra,Mesa(AZ)FireDepartment
    • There are several hose loading guidelines firefighters should follow. 15–58
    • REVIEW QUESTION What hose loads can a firefighter choose from when storing hose? 15–59
    • Compare various methods to make preconnected hose loads for attack lines. Learning Objective 7 15–60
    • Preconnected hose loads are usually the primary lines used for fire attack. 15–61
    • A preconnected flat load is adaptable for varying sizes of hose beds. 15–62
    • The triple layer load is designed to be pulled by one person. 15–63
    • The minuteman load is designed to be pulled and advanced by one person. 15–64
    • Booster hose reels carry preconnected rubber-covered hose. 15–65
    • WARNING Booster lines are not appropriate for interior fire fighting operations or for vehicle fires because they do not deliver a sufficient volume of water to protect firefighters if conditions suddenly deteriorate. 15–66
    • REVIEW QUESTION How do the various methods to make preconnected hose loads for attack lines compare with one another? 15–67
    • Explain the methods used for supply hose lays. Learning Objective 8 15–68
    • Hose lay procedures will vary from department to department. 15–69
    • When hose is deployed from a water source to the incident, this is a forward lay. 15–70
    • The reverse lay is used when a pumper must go to the fire location before laying a supply line. 15–71
    • A combination lay is any of the different methods to lay multiple supply hose with a single engine. 15–72
    • REVIEW QUESTION What methods can be used for supply hose lays? 15–73
    • Recognize different methods for handling hoselines. Learning Objective 9 15–74
    • There are several methods that can be used to deploy preconnected hoselines. 15–75
    • Different types of hoselines can be deployed with other methods as well. 15–76
    • REVIEW QUESTION How do firefighters decide what technique to use when handling hoselines? 15–77
    • Describe methods for advancing hoselines in various ways. Learning Objective 10 15–78
    • Advancing a charged hoseline can be done using the working line drag. 15–79
    • You should be alert for potential dangers when advancing hose into a structure. 15–80
    • Follow these safety guidelines for advancing hose into a structure. 15–81
    • Advancing hoseline up and down a stairway can be very difficult. 15–82
    • Advancing hose from a standpipe is easiest with preassembled hose. 15–83 CourtesyofRickMontemorra,Mesa(AZ)FD
    • Improvising a standpipe may be necessary under certain conditions. 15–84
    • CAUTION When firefighters must improvise a standpipe system, there will be a delay in applying water to the fire. This delay must be considered in planning the overall fire fighting strategy. 15–85
    • There are several methods to use when improvising a standpipe. 15–86
    • Advancing hose up a ladder is easier and safer with an uncharged line. 15–87 Uncharged Charged
    • WARNING Do not exceed the rated weight capacity of the ladder. If the hose cannot be passed up the ladder without exceeding the load limit, it should be hoisted up. 15–88
    • It may be necessary to operate a hoseline from a ladder. 15–89
    • REVIEW QUESTION What are the safety guidelines for advancing a hose into a structure? 15–90
    • List the considerations that can impact operating attack hoselines. Learning Objective 11 15–91
    • There are two methods to consider when operating small hoselines. 15–92 CourtesyofShadCooper,WyomingState FireMarshal’sOffice
    • Operating large hoselines may also be accomplished with different methods. 15–93
    • Extending a section of hose may be necessary during operations. 15–94
    • There are several methods that can be used to control a loose hoseline. 15–95
    • The task of replacing a burst section of hoseline may also be needed on scene. 15–96
    • REVIEW QUESTION What considerations can impact operating attack hoselines? 15–97
    • • Fire hose is a basic tool used to carry water from its source to the point it is needed to extinguish a fire. • Firefighters must know the types of hose their department uses, how it is constructed, the way hose can be damaged, and how to care for it. Summary 15–98 (Cont.)
    • • Firefighters must know the differences between supply and attack hose, and how to deploy, advance and operate both kinds of hose. • It is critical that firefighters know the types of fire hose loads and finishes and how they relate to various hose deployments. Summary 15–99
    • Couple and uncouple a hose. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-1. Learning Objective 12 15–100
    • Inspect and maintain a fire hose. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-2. Learning Objective 13 15–101
    • Make a straight hose roll. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-3. Learning Objective 14 15–102
    • Make a donut hose roll. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-4. Learning Objective 15 15–103
    • Make the flat hose load. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-5. Learning Objective 16 15–104
    • Make the accordion hose load. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-6. Learning Objective 17 15–105
    • Make the horseshoe hose load. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-7. Learning Objective 18 15–106
    • Make a finish. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-8. Learning Objective 19 15–107
    • Make the preconnected flat hose load. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-9. Learning Objective 20 15–108
    • Make the triple layer hose load. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-10. Learning Objective 21 15–109
    • Make the minuteman hose load. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-11. Learning Objective 22 15–110
    • Make a hydrant connection from a forward lay. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-12. Learning Objective 23 15–111
    • Make the reverse hose lay. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-13. Learning Objective 24 15–112
    • Advance a hose load. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-14. Learning Objective 25 15–113
    • Deploy a wye-equipped hose during a reverse hose lay. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-15. Learning Objective 26 15–114
    • Advance a charged hoseline using the working line drag method. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-16. Learning Objective 27 15–115
    • Advance a line into a structure. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-17. Learning Objective 28 15–116
    • Advance a line up and down an interior stairway. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-18. Learning Objective 29 15–117
    • Connect to a stairway standpipe connection and advance an attack hoseline onto a floor. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-19. Learning Objective 30 15–118
    • Advance an uncharged line up a ladder into a window. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-20. Learning Objective 31 15–119
    • Advance a charged line up a ladder into a window. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-21. Learning Objective 32 15–120
    • Operate a charged attack line from a ladder. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-22. Learning Objective 33 15–121
    • Operate a small hoseline – One- firefighter method. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-23. Learning Objective 34 15–122
    • Operate a large hoseline for exposure protection – One-firefighter method. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-24. Learning Objective 35 15–123
    • Operate a large hoseline – Two- firefighter method. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-25. Learning Objective 36 15–124
    • Extend a hoseline. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-26. Learning Objective 37 15–125
    • Replace a burst hoseline. This objective is measured in Skill Sheet 15-I-27. Learning Objective 38 15–126