H U M A N - T E C H N O L O G Y B O U N D A RY S H I F T S –O R C O O P E R AT I O N ? Kerstin Cuhls with many thanks to B...
Agenda1. BMBF Foresight 2007-20092. Future Field Human Technology Cooperation3. Future Questions for a Ubiquitious Society...
1 . O b j e c t i v e s o f t h e B M B F F o re s i g h t P ro c e s s        • Identifying new research and technology f...
Topic searches BMBF Foresight                                                                                             ...
T h e B M B F  s F o re s i g h t P ro c e s sThe Seven Future Fields On behalf of the Federal Ministry of Education and ...
Time Research                                       • 4D imaging/ short-term observation (e.g. Compact x-ray lasers       ...
2 . F u t u r e F i e l d H u m a n - Te c h n o l o g y C o o p e r a t i o n :       Developments that create a       ne...
Intelligent prosthetics                 NeuroenhancementHumanTechnology               Telepresence /Teleaction            ...
New innovation dynamic0.00450                                                                              0.000250.00400 ...
W h y H u m a n - Te c h n o l o g y B o u n d a r y S h i f t snew proximity to people, their bodies, brains and daily li...
3 . F u t u re Q u e s t i o n s :H u m a n - Te c h n o l o g y B o u n d a r y S h i f t s a m b i g u i t y    Shifts ...
I n c re a s i n g i m p a c t p o w e rnegative Utopians© Fraunhofer ISISeite 12
A n t h ro p o m i m e s i sembodied cognition, human learningand development                           Left: iCub an open...
Hybrid human-technology constellationsseamless interaction                           Left: HAL (Hybrid Assistive Limb®) y ...
4. Outlook and further question fordiscussionWe observe more and more that human-technologycooperations/ combinations/ ubi...
Atractiveness ofp ro s t h e s i s ? ? ?
Thank you very                         much!For further information:Dr. Kerstin Cuhlskerstin.cuhls@isi.fraunhofer.deorBrun...
Eccerobot: http://www6.in.tum.de/Main/ResearchEccerobotForest Walker: http://www.gizmag.com/raytheon-significantly-progres...
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Professor Kerstin Cuhls, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Karlsruhe

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Professor Kerstin Cuhls, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Karlsruhe

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Professor Kerstin Cuhls, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Karlsruhe

  1. 1. H U M A N - T E C H N O L O G Y B O U N D A RY S H I F T S –O R C O O P E R AT I O N ? Kerstin Cuhls with many thanks to Bruno Gransche Finland 2012 © Fraunhofer ISI
  2. 2. Agenda1. BMBF Foresight 2007-20092. Future Field Human Technology Cooperation3. Future Questions for a Ubiquitious Society4. Outlook and Question to be discussed© Fraunhofer ISISeite 2
  3. 3. 1 . O b j e c t i v e s o f t h e B M B F F o re s i g h t P ro c e s s • Identifying new research and technology focuses, • Identifying (and deriving ) areas of activity covering a range of research and innovation fields, • Analysing potential fields of technology and innovation in which strategic partnerships might be possible, • Deducing priority areas of research and development activity.© Fraunhofer ISISeite 3
  4. 4. Topic searches BMBF Foresight Mapping of future topicsNovember 2007 Research Workshop of experts in 14 start fields Monitoring 1st wave First re-clustering 1st report % % % % % % % % % % % Online % % survey % % % % Differentiated evaluation % % % % % % % % % Synopsis of % researches Monitoring 2nd wave Selection according to criteria, re-clustering % 2nd report Analysis of potential: … Actors and topics … … Future topics evaluated for … … … … … … 14 start fields … … … … … … Topics, actors, recommended action … … … in 7 new forms of future fields … … … … …June 2009 … 3rd report
  5. 5. T h e B M B F s F o re s i g h t P ro c e s sThe Seven Future Fields On behalf of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)  The BMBFs Foresight Process (2007-2010) ProductionConsumption2.0 http://www.bmbf.de/en/12673.php Human-Technology Transdisciplinary Models Cooperation and Multi-Scale Simulation Deciphering Time Research Ageing Sustainable Energy Sustainable Living Spaces Solutions© Fraunhofer ISISeite 5
  6. 6. Time Research • 4D imaging/ short-term observation (e.g. Compact x-ray lasers for biomedical examinations, processes of the human body) • Atto (second) electronics – control of processes on an atomic time scaleUltra-precise/ultra-short time • Intramolecular energy transport (e.g. energy -efficientmeasurement and 4D imaging electronics, molecular computers) • GPS applications (e.g. precision farming, machine remote maintenance) • Optimised synchronisation of media and wireless communication • Understanding Biological clock(s) in people: avoiding disease, targeted therapies (chronopharmacology)Biological clocks/ Chronobiology • Connections shift work/ energy implementation/ Adiposity, hormonal influences, effects of melatonin • effects of social factors on human rhythms • Concentrated learning at times when people learn best • Dealing with time on scales beyond classical time scales • New time structures in a society with more older and fewer younger people • New sources of light • Making processes “more efficient” instead of just fasterParallelising or synchronising • Synchronise internet server:speed, saving energy(efficiency processes) • Synchronising production processes • Structuring, parallelising, initiating innovation processes
  7. 7. 2 . F u t u r e F i e l d H u m a n - Te c h n o l o g y C o o p e r a t i o n : Developments that create a new innovation dynamic the availability of large  real-time processing of technology, amounts of information large masses of  wireless networking and through digitalising and information in a range of ubiquitous embedding of fast Internet connections, technological systems due systems, the ability of machines to to considerable increases in computing power and  greatly improved pattern interpret information using recognition algorithms, semantic technologies the miniaturisation of switching networks,  broader access to satellite- profound knowledge of supported positioning. the human brain and the  a broader range of development of potential neuroprosthetics, applications, thanks to the greater integration of different components in the smallest space due to micro-systems© Fraunhofer ISISeite 7
  8. 8. Intelligent prosthetics NeuroenhancementHumanTechnology Telepresence /Teleaction Behavioural sciences (Neuro/Psycho)Cooperation Neuroprosthetics, -implants Autonomous robotics 4 Physical Avatars 2 Brain-Machine-Interface Micro-systems technology Anthropomatics Sensors Intelligent materials Redefining humanity Affective Computing AI research Anthropology 1 Software Agents Machine agents Philosophy of technology Ambient Intelligence Human- Human- Machine- Aesthetics Systems Machine-Intelligent automation Culture Semantics Pervasive Computing Human- Nanoethics/Neuroethics Technology- VR-Immersion Teams 3 Technical genesis/ Innovation research Adaptive environments Media technology/image sciences Semantic technologies Social structure analysis/social policy Empirical social research Social robotics Assessment of the consequences of technology
  9. 9. New innovation dynamic0.00450 0.000250.00400 embedded system* neuroscience*0.003500.00300 semantic* web* 0.000200.002500.002000.001500.00100 0.000150.000500.00000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 0.000100.001600.001400.00120 0.000050.00100 robotic*0.000800.00060 0.00000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 20090.000400.000200.00000 Relative amount of publications to these keywords 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2000-2009© Fraunhofer ISISeite 9
  10. 10. W h y H u m a n - Te c h n o l o g y B o u n d a r y S h i f t snew proximity to people, their bodies, brains and daily lives  increasingly dense technological surroundings  expanding technical structure of human life  ambient assistive living, smart environments, ambient intelligence  mixed-, augmented reality  robotic exoskeletons  “physical Avatars”, VR- immersion, telepresence and teleaction  various Assistance Systems  anthropomimetic robots  software agents (virtual broker)  neuroprostetics, implants BIDIRECTIONAL OLED-MICRODISPLAY, Fraunhofer IPMS  …© Fraunhofer ISISeite 10
  11. 11. 3 . F u t u re Q u e s t i o n s :H u m a n - Te c h n o l o g y B o u n d a r y S h i f t s a m b i g u i t y  Shifts between  Shifts round human and technology human via technology  distributed agency in hybrid human-  human self-concept configuration technology constellations via anthropomimesis (human-human)  „shared spaces‘ or penetration of formerly separated spheres  stressing the ‟genetic porosity“ by cross-species genetics  non-identifiability in communication (human-animal) and everyday life  increasing impact power through  Increasing exposure to black boxes techniques to an (finance algorithms, emergency superhuman/godlike extend systems) (human-supernatural)  Self-alienation to some kind of Posthumans (humanT1-humanT2)© Fraunhofer ISISeite 11
  12. 12. I n c re a s i n g i m p a c t p o w e rnegative Utopians© Fraunhofer ISISeite 12
  13. 13. A n t h ro p o m i m e s i sembodied cognition, human learningand development Left: iCub an open source cognitive humanoid robotic platform http://www.icub.org/ Above: CB2 robotic child created at Osaka University, Japan Right: ECCEROBOT Embodied Cognition in a Compliantly Engineered Robot http://eccerobot.org/© Fraunhofer ISISeite 13
  14. 14. Hybrid human-technology constellationsseamless interaction Left: HAL (Hybrid Assistive Limb®) y Cyberdyne Middle above: BBCI berlin brain computer interface Middle below left: OLED microdisplay based Eyetracking HMD, Fraunhofer IPMS, 2011 Middle below right: VI-Bot (DFKI) Virtual Immersion for holistic feedback control of semi- autonomous robots Right: Amanda Boxtel, before this 18 years reliant on a wheelchair. Now having a walk in the park with E-Legs by Berkeley Bionics© Fraunhofer ISISeite 14
  15. 15. 4. Outlook and further question fordiscussionWe observe more and more that human-technologycooperations/ combinations/ ubiquitious society topics can beobserved in commercials and as attractive.What ist your impression about thefollowing picture?© Fraunhofer ISISeite 15
  16. 16. Atractiveness ofp ro s t h e s i s ? ? ?
  17. 17. Thank you very much!For further information:Dr. Kerstin Cuhlskerstin.cuhls@isi.fraunhofer.deorBruno Granschebruno.gransche@isi.fraunhofer.de Anthropomimetischer Robotertorso - ECCEROBOT © Fraunhofer ISI Seite 17
  18. 18. Eccerobot: http://www6.in.tum.de/Main/ResearchEccerobotForest Walker: http://www.gizmag.com/raytheon-significantly-progresses-exoskeleton-design/16479/picture/121265/E-Legs: http://blog.makezine.com/archive/2010/10/berkeley-bionics-introduces-elegs-e.html?pagewanted=allWirbelsturm: http://www.geodz.com/deu/d/tropischer_WirbelsturmAmbient Intelligence:http://www.acatech.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Baumstruktur_nach_Website/Acatech/root/de/Publikationen/Stellungnahmen/acatech_bezieht_Position_intelligente_Objekte_web.pdfVI-Bot: http://robotik.dfki-bremen.de/de/forschung/projekte/unterwasserrobotik/vi-bot.htmlBMBF-Foresight-Prozess:BMBF: http://www.bmbf.de/de/12673.phpFraunhofer-ISI: http://isi.fraunhofer.de/isi-de/v/projekte/bmbf-foresight.php Bruno Gransche M.A.Zukunftsfelder neuen Zuschnitts http://isi.fraunhofer.de/isi- Competence Centerde/v/download/publikationen/_Foresight- Innovation and Technology Management and Foresight Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISProzess_BMBF_Zukunftsfelder_neuen_Zuschnitts.pdf Breslauer Straße 48 | 76139 Karlsruhe | GermanyEtablierte Zukunftsfelder: http://isi.fraunhofer.de/isi- Phone +49 721 6809-424 | Fax +49 721 6809-77424de/v/download/publikationen/_FP_BMBF_Etab_Zukunftsf_Zukunftst.pdf bruno.gransche@isi.fraunhofer.de© Fraunhofer ISISeite 18

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