Brain Development of the Infant
Brain Terms  <ul><li>Neurons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nerve cells in the brain primarily responsible for  the transport of in...
Dendrites <ul><li>Dendrites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short nerve projections or arms from the neuron that collect information...
<ul><li>Axon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transmission lines for the nervous system that sends information </li></ul></ul><ul><li...
How the Neuron Works <ul><li>1.  Neuron </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Dendrite </li></ul><ul><li>3.  Axon </li></ul><ul><li>4.  Sy...
Principles of Brain Development  <ul><li>The infant brain’s wiring is shaped by the outside world. </li></ul><ul><li>Paren...
Principles of Brain Development  <ul><li>The infant experiences the new world through the use of the five senses. </li></u...
Principles of Brain Development  <ul><li>The “use it or lose it” principle applies to the infant brain.  </li></ul><ul><li...
Principles of Brain Development  <ul><li>Early relationships with other people, including parents or care givers, are an i...
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Brain development of_the_infant-1

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Brain development PPT for Human Growth and Development.

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Brain development of_the_infant-1

  1. 1. Brain Development of the Infant
  2. 2. Brain Terms <ul><li>Neurons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nerve cells in the brain primarily responsible for the transport of information </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Dendrites <ul><li>Dendrites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short nerve projections or arms from the neuron that collect information </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Axon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transmission lines for the nervous system that sends information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Synapse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A gap-like structure from which the axon of one neuron sends a signal to the dendrites of another neuron </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. How the Neuron Works <ul><li>1. Neuron </li></ul><ul><li>2. Dendrite </li></ul><ul><li>3. Axon </li></ul><ul><li>4. Synapse </li></ul>
  6. 6. Principles of Brain Development <ul><li>The infant brain’s wiring is shaped by the outside world. </li></ul><ul><li>Parents and caregivers can influence and increase this wiring by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Touching the infant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talking to the infant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Singing to the infant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuddling with the infant. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Principles of Brain Development <ul><li>The infant experiences the new world through the use of the five senses. </li></ul><ul><li>Parents and caregivers can create new experiences by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating soothing sounds through music, talk, singing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide colorful, bright surroundings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide pleasant aromas throughout the house. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide texture in infant’s surroundings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing various tastes as the infant grows. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Principles of Brain Development <ul><li>The “use it or lose it” principle applies to the infant brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Parents can provide “windows of opportunity” for the infant by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>talking to the infant about colors, shapes, and aromas while grocery shopping, trips to the park, trips to the bakery, preparing meals, and bath time. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Principles of Brain Development <ul><li>Early relationships with other people, including parents or care givers, are an important source for the emotional and social development parts of the infant brain. Parents and care givers should: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smile often. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a pleasant voice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create high and low pitches of voice in conversation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a calm atmosphere for the infant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities for infant to be with other infants and adults. </li></ul></ul>
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