This is Timmy. He is fifteenyears old.Yesterday Timmy visited hisgrandmother.He loves his grandmother.Timmy has visited hisgrandmother everyweekend since he was achild.
When did Timmy visit his grandmother?In the past, present or future?Is it yesterday now?Is yesterday finished or unfinished time?
The Past SimpleUse the PAST SIMPLE to talk about actions in thepast, finished time.Past FuturePresent“Yesterday Timmy visited his grandmother”Start visit End visit
“Timmy has visited his grandmotherevery weekend since he was a child.”Is Timmy visiting his grandmother now?Did he visit in the past or present?Will Timmy visit again in the future?How old is Timmy?Is he a child?
The Present PerfectWe use the PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE to talkabout actions that started in the past, continue tothe present and maybe into the future.Past FuturePresentTimmy is a child.He starts visiting hisgrandmotherTimmy is 15.He continues visitinghis grandmotherWe think Timmy willcontinue to visit hisgrandmother in thefuture.
Today Timmy went to school.Now he is doing his Bellhomework. Timmy hasstudied English with Bell forthree years.Which action is finished?Which action is unfinished?
Finished time Unfinished timeYesterdayLast weekLast monthLast yearTodayThis lessonThis weekThis month
For & SinceWe use “for” and “since” with the PresentPerfect Tense.Use “for” to talk about an amount of time,for example, three years, one week, fiveminutes.Use “since” to talk about a fixed point inpast time, for example, July, Christmas, Iwas a child