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References on the web
 

References on the web

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  • ISBN; ISSN; DOI; URI - unique identifier <br /> Pros <br /> No special skills for authors <br /> Clarity <br /> Full descriptions can be held in appropriate systems <br /> No messy stuff in the HTML <br /> Cons <br /> Some Identifiers are not perfect <br /> Not all items have identifiers (although this can be <br /> Not all identifiers &#x2018;resolvable&#x2019; <br /> Error prone <br />
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  • OpenURL general framework <br /> However, only real use is for (mainly) bibliographic material &#x2013; books, chapters, articles <br /> Was originally introduced because of &#x2018;appropriate copy&#x2019; problem <br /> OpenURLs made up of &#x2018;resolver address&#x2019; and context object. Works well in dynamic page with user context (e.g. bib database) but not so well on open web <br /> Hence COinS &#x2013; Context Object in Span <br /> Pros: <br /> Well established in libraries, already used by Zotero and others to extract metadata <br /> Metadata in the page &#x2013; stands alone <br /> Links into resolvers <br /> Doesn&#x2019;t require identifier, but can exploit them if they are available <br /> Backwards compatible &#x2013; wide range of browsers <br /> Cons: <br /> Someone has to create the COinS <br /> Lack of takeup outside library sector <br /> OpenURL is long and ugly standard &#x2013; tends to be disliked by implementers! <br />
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  • Summary of Microformats &#x2013; way of embedding structured data into web pages <br /> Microformats &#x2013; build on existing standards to enable you to embed &#x2018;semantics&#x2019; into XHTML <br /> Specifically hCard and hCalendar have proved popular <br /> Example http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/events/workshops/webmaster-2006/sessions/kelly/ <br /> Pros <br /> Combine human readable and computer readable versions of data &#x2013; no duplication <br /> Metadata in the page &#x2013; stands alone <br /> Doesn&#x2019;t require identifier <br /> Backwards compatible to any XHTML <br /> Cons: <br /> Mixes human readable and computer readable versions of data &#x2013; leads to confusion, and more complex data structures <br /> Lack of take-up of microformats excepting hCard and hCalendar <br /> Possible accessibility issues (re BBC decision to drop hCalendar) <br /> No &#x2018;use case&#x2019; (unlike COinS) <br /> As far as I know not consumed by existing tools (e.g. Zotero) <br />
  • Pros <br /> Combine human readable and computer readable versions of data &#x2013; no duplication <br /> Metadata in the page &#x2013; stands alone <br /> Doesn&#x2019;t require identifier <br /> Backwards compatible to any XHTML <br /> Cons: <br /> Mixes human readable and computer readable versions of data &#x2013; leads to confusion, and more complex data structures <br /> Lack of take-up of microformats excepting hCard and hCalendar - is hCitation going anywhere? <br /> Possible accessibility issues (re BBC decision to drop hCalendar) <br /> No &#x2018;use case&#x2019; (unlike COinS) <br /> As far as I know not consumed by existing tools (e.g. Zotero) <br />
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  • Javascript <br /> JSON (Javascript Notation) <br /> MARC-JSON <br /> BibJSON http://www.bibkn.org/bibjson/index.html <br /> CSL example http://serials.infomotions.com/code4lib/archive/2010/201004/1203.html <br /> CSL <br /> Citeproc-js <br /> <br />
  • Pros: <br /> (seen as) simple <br /> in-line styling <br /> Separates display elements from data <br /> CSL <br /> Cons: <br /> Essentially a variation on use of identifier <br /> No well-established schema <br /> Not a single type of data <br />
  • RDF is &#x2018;Resource Description Framework&#x2019; <br />
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  • RDFa &#x2013; RDF in attributes <br /> Enables you to embed RDF statements into web pages <br /> Pros <br /> Combine human readable and computer readable versions of data &#x2013; no duplication <br /> Metadata in the page &#x2013; stands alone <br /> Doesn&#x2019;t require identifier <br /> Growing number of tools that can extract RDFa &#x2013; Zotero working on it? <br /> Part of growing &#x2018;linked data&#x2019; movement <br /> Cons: <br /> Mixes human readable and computer readable versions of data &#x2013; leads to confusion, and more complex data structures <br /> No widespread takeup yet &#x2013; although some significant uses (e.g. O&#x2019;Reilly) <br /> Requires new doc type = XHTML+RDFa <br />
  • RDFa &#x2013; RDF in attributes <br /> Enables you to embed RDF statements into web pages <br />
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  • Goes beyond just describing the resource <br /> Describes the way in which it is being used <br />
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References on the web References on the web Presentation Transcript

  • References on the web Owen Stephens Project Manager: TELSTAR 21st June 2010
  • citations 1
  • references 1. Stephens, Owen (2010), References on the Web, [online], Available from: http:// slideshare.net/ostephens (Accessed 21 June 2010)
  • hyperlinks
  • Scholarly HTML http://ptsefton.com/2009/03/31/scholarly-html.htm “Dead simple reference management via links to trusted sources” www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • Scholarly HTML http://ptsefton.com/2009/03/31/scholarly-html.htm “just use a DOI – the publisher can be responsible to fetching the metadata and making a bibliography. ” www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • Scholarly HTML http://ptsefton.com/2009/03/31/scholarly-html.htm “let the user choose the referencing style and select it on the fly” www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • Scholarly HTML http://ptsefton.com/2009/03/31/scholarly-html.htm “let readers import the references into their own libraries” www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • Embedding References • Identifier + fetch mechanism • COinS and OpenURL • Microformats • JSON • RDF/RDFa www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • doi:10.1109/ISSTA.2002.1048560 www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • www.open.ac.uk/telstar/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/monkeyc/
  • <span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004 &amp; rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3A kev%3Amtx%3Ajournal &amp;rft.issn=0028-0836"></span> www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • www.open.ac.uk/telstar/ http://microformats.org/
  • hCitation www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • <span class="monograph"> <a name="sr06"> <span class="author firstauthor"> <span class="family-name" style="font- variant: small-caps; ">Miller</span> <span class="given-name">Michael</span> </span> (<span class="year">2006</span>): <span style="font-style: italic; "> <span class="title">Students' Jokes</span> <span class="place">München</span> : <span class="publisher">Weltbild</span> </a></span> www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • JSON www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • var publist = [ {"refid":"1","articletype":"article", "title":"Storage of electrons and holes in self-assembled InAs quantum dots","year":"1999","author":"M. C. Bodefeld, R. J. Warburton, K. Karrai, J. P. Kotthaus, G. Medeiros-Ribeiro and P. M. Petroff", "journal":"APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS“, "volume":"74","number":"4"}] www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • <rdf> www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • Jane Eyre has a creator whose name is Charlotte Bronte
  • Jane Eyre Subject has a creator whose name is Charlotte Bronte
  • Jane Eyre Subject has a creator Predicate whose name is Charlotte Bronte
  • Jane Eyre Subject has a creator Predicate whose name is Charlotte Bronte Object
  • Book Person is a Jane Eyre has publisher is a has creator Penguin Charlotte Bronte
  • Book Person is a Jane Eyre has publisher is a has creator Penguin Charlotte Bronte
  • Book Person is a Jane Eyre has publisher is a has creator Penguin Charlotte Bronte
  • Book Person is a Jane Eyre has publisher is a has creator Penguin Charlotte Bronte
  • Book Person is a Jane Eyre has publisher is a has creator Penguin Charlotte Bronte
  • bibliontolgy www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • <rdfa> www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • <div typeof="foaf:Document"> <dl> <dd class="Pub"> <span class="Title" property="dc:title">Conceptual Framework for Recommendation System Based on Distributed User Ratings</span><br /> <span class="Author" property="dc:creator">H. J. Kim and J. J. Jung and G. S. Jo</ span><br /> <span class="Journal">LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE</span> &#160; <span class="Volume"></span> &#160; <span class="Pages">115--122</span> &#160; (<span class="Date" property="dc:date">2004 </span>)<br /> www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • cito www.open.ac.uk/telstar/
  • Look out for … • HTML META tags • Wikipedia templates • Twitter Annotations www.open.ac.uk/telstar/