Participatory Media,
Participatory Democracy
How national governments have responded
to the challenges of outspoken citizens
JUNE 1989                                   AUGUST 2007
“INFORMATION IS THE OXYGEN OF THE MODERN    “IT IS TIME TO STOP TH...
1979 - Participatory Media (USENET)
Archived, Persistent, Linkable
1984 BBSes - Precursor to Web Forums
1989 - The Hyperlink
Formatted ‘hypertext’ or HTML
Exponential Service Growth: Easier, Cheaper
Web 2.0 Easier, Cheaper, Faster ...
... and global.
Exponential Blog Growth
How Have Governments
Responded?
Egyptian blogger jailed for four years for
insulting President Mubarak and Islam
Two Thais arrested in Thailand for comments
posted about the Thai king
China: Over 50 known jailed cyber-activists
Myanmar: Internet severed to suppress
protests
Turkey: WordPress and YouTube Blocked
Thailand: YouTube Blocked for videos
ridiculing the king
Barbados: Calls for regulation
Malaysia: Discrediting Bloggers
City of Buenos Aires Official Blog - Bridging
the Blogosphere and City Government
Chile’s most popular blogger - Senator
Fernando Flores
Chile 2001 Elections - All Candidates Had
Blogs
Citizen-led Presidential Debates
http://www.youtube.com/debates
Iran: Even Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has a
blog.
Cambodian King was his nation’s first
blogger. Since then ...
Cambodia gets publicity on CNN and
hundreds of other news outlets
Ecuador: President Rafael Correa has a
YouTube channel and blog
Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa: Videoblogger
http://acuerdopais.com/blogs/rafael_correa/
Gilberto Gil: Brazilian Minister of Culture and
Free Culture advocate
State-owned Agencia Brasil links back to all
blogs discussing their articles
US Senators and Representatives with
weblogs. Also: Los Angeles Police Department
How Has Civil Society
Responded?
Mzalendo (‘Patriot’ in Swahili)
http://mzalendo.com/
Kenya: Explanation and commentary on
every bill
Tech President
http://techpresident.com/
New Election Metrics
They Work For You
UK-based watchdog site
Atina Chile: From Conversation to Legislation
Open Congress - US philanthropy
foundations are funding such projects
Campaign contributions and voting records
of every Californian politician
Incentives for
governments to support
blogging
Botswana Blog invited to the UN Global
Conference on ICT and Youth for Development
Investors are Blog Addicts
Next Step: Act
US $5 Million for Citizen Media Projects
www.newschallenge.org
To Conclude:
   Fear Factor Versus Tipping Point
Participatory  Democracy  Participatory  Media
Participatory  Democracy  Participatory  Media
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Participatory Democracy Participatory Media

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My talk on how governments have responded to citizen media at the Blogs and Digital Democracy Forum in Kuala Lumpur.

Published in: Technology, News & Politics

Participatory Democracy Participatory Media

  1. 1. Participatory Media, Participatory Democracy How national governments have responded to the challenges of outspoken citizens
  2. 2. JUNE 1989 AUGUST 2007 “INFORMATION IS THE OXYGEN OF THE MODERN “IT IS TIME TO STOP THE ANARCHY ON THE AGE. IT SEEPS THROUGH THE WALLS TOPPED BY INTERNET. WE CANNOT ALLOW THIS GREAT BARBED WIRE, IT WAFTS ACROSS THE TECHNOLOGICAL ACHIEVEMENT OF MAN TO BE ELECTRIFIED BORDERS, THE GOLIATH OF TURNED INTO AN INFORMATION GARBAGE TOTALITARIANISM WILL BE BROUGHT DOWN BY HEAP.” THE DAVID OF THE MICROCHIP.”
  3. 3. 1979 - Participatory Media (USENET)
  4. 4. Archived, Persistent, Linkable
  5. 5. 1984 BBSes - Precursor to Web Forums
  6. 6. 1989 - The Hyperlink
  7. 7. Formatted ‘hypertext’ or HTML
  8. 8. Exponential Service Growth: Easier, Cheaper
  9. 9. Web 2.0 Easier, Cheaper, Faster ...
  10. 10. ... and global.
  11. 11. Exponential Blog Growth
  12. 12. How Have Governments Responded?
  13. 13. Egyptian blogger jailed for four years for insulting President Mubarak and Islam
  14. 14. Two Thais arrested in Thailand for comments posted about the Thai king
  15. 15. China: Over 50 known jailed cyber-activists
  16. 16. Myanmar: Internet severed to suppress protests
  17. 17. Turkey: WordPress and YouTube Blocked
  18. 18. Thailand: YouTube Blocked for videos ridiculing the king
  19. 19. Barbados: Calls for regulation
  20. 20. Malaysia: Discrediting Bloggers
  21. 21. City of Buenos Aires Official Blog - Bridging the Blogosphere and City Government
  22. 22. Chile’s most popular blogger - Senator Fernando Flores
  23. 23. Chile 2001 Elections - All Candidates Had Blogs
  24. 24. Citizen-led Presidential Debates http://www.youtube.com/debates
  25. 25. Iran: Even Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has a blog.
  26. 26. Cambodian King was his nation’s first blogger. Since then ...
  27. 27. Cambodia gets publicity on CNN and hundreds of other news outlets
  28. 28. Ecuador: President Rafael Correa has a YouTube channel and blog
  29. 29. Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa: Videoblogger http://acuerdopais.com/blogs/rafael_correa/
  30. 30. Gilberto Gil: Brazilian Minister of Culture and Free Culture advocate
  31. 31. State-owned Agencia Brasil links back to all blogs discussing their articles
  32. 32. US Senators and Representatives with weblogs. Also: Los Angeles Police Department
  33. 33. How Has Civil Society Responded?
  34. 34. Mzalendo (‘Patriot’ in Swahili) http://mzalendo.com/
  35. 35. Kenya: Explanation and commentary on every bill
  36. 36. Tech President http://techpresident.com/
  37. 37. New Election Metrics
  38. 38. They Work For You UK-based watchdog site
  39. 39. Atina Chile: From Conversation to Legislation
  40. 40. Open Congress - US philanthropy foundations are funding such projects
  41. 41. Campaign contributions and voting records of every Californian politician
  42. 42. Incentives for governments to support blogging
  43. 43. Botswana Blog invited to the UN Global Conference on ICT and Youth for Development
  44. 44. Investors are Blog Addicts
  45. 45. Next Step: Act
  46. 46. US $5 Million for Citizen Media Projects www.newschallenge.org
  47. 47. To Conclude: Fear Factor Versus Tipping Point

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