Cairo, Egypt -1994
By: Sarah O’Shaughnessy
 Focus of the discussions
• Immigration policy
• Urbanization
• Reproductive health
• Access to health care
• Women’s rep...
•Women are significantly linked to the
overall health and development of the
world’s population
• Therefore, improving the...
• Decline in maternal mortality began
in western countries in the early 20th
century
• Women from developing countries
are...
• Newborn survival is closely
linked to the health of the
mother
•The Health of the mother
and child should be equally
add...
• UN established Decade for
women 1976-1985
• Recognized governmental
role in establishing women’s
health
• Reveals a grow...
• Took place in Mexico
City
• Focus on women’s
rights relevant to men
• Women’s access to
employment and
education
• Familial rights to
reproduction were outlined in
more detail than women’s
specific rights
• Argued that women should
be ...
• Women’s rights terms
were not clearly defined
• The conference left too
much room for
governmental
interpretation and
co...
• Definition of reproductive health was
created
•The definition demonstrated the
recognition of the variety and complexity...
• The right of women to
experience pregnancy and
childbirth safely was made
explicit
•Discussed the need to
Promote and pr...
• The Cairo conference distinguished itself from
the conference in 1984 by setting out specific
actions to be taken concer...
• The conference also
discussed actions
required to implement
specific programs within
individual countries that
would enc...
•The 1994 International Conference on
Population and Development made
significant steps towards women’s
reproductive issue...
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The ICPD: Women's Roles and Reproductive Rights

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The ICPD: Women's Roles and Reproductive Rights

  1. 1. Cairo, Egypt -1994 By: Sarah O’Shaughnessy
  2. 2.  Focus of the discussions • Immigration policy • Urbanization • Reproductive health • Access to health care • Women’s reproductive rights became a significant aspect of the conference.
  3. 3. •Women are significantly linked to the overall health and development of the world’s population • Therefore, improving the lives of women will assist with improving the health of world populations •The Cairo conference (1994) made significant strides towards increased equality for women, improved health status and ideal population health and development.
  4. 4. • Decline in maternal mortality began in western countries in the early 20th century • Women from developing countries are still at a high risk of dying during pregnancy • Risk is 1/16 for women in developing countries in contrast to 1/4800 for women in developed countries.
  5. 5. • Newborn survival is closely linked to the health of the mother •The Health of the mother and child should be equally addressed •1987 Conference on safe motherhood.
  6. 6. • UN established Decade for women 1976-1985 • Recognized governmental role in establishing women’s health • Reveals a growing trend towards support for women’s health rights and its connection to the health of the broader global community
  7. 7. • Took place in Mexico City • Focus on women’s rights relevant to men • Women’s access to employment and education
  8. 8. • Familial rights to reproduction were outlined in more detail than women’s specific rights • Argued that women should be equal to men in all social spheres • Yet, the conference failed to stipulate how this equality should be achieved or maintained
  9. 9. • Women’s rights terms were not clearly defined • The conference left too much room for governmental interpretation and control • Explicit goals were not set that would have aided in enforcing implementation
  10. 10. • Definition of reproductive health was created •The definition demonstrated the recognition of the variety and complexity of issues that can affect overall women’s health and therefore the ability to reproduce •Provided further examples as to how women’s health, and therefore the health of the population, may be improved
  11. 11. • The right of women to experience pregnancy and childbirth safely was made explicit •Discussed the need to Promote and protect the women’s rights relating to reproduction and sexuality •Argued for access to fertility regulation which includes: family planning, delayed childbearing, the use of contraception, treatment of infertility, interruption of unwanted pregnancies and breastfeeding.
  12. 12. • The Cairo conference distinguished itself from the conference in 1984 by setting out specific actions to be taken concerning reproductive rights • Inclusion of reproductive health in the primary health-care system by the year 2015. • Clearly outlined goals sets standard. • As well reproductive health aspects that were intended to be included were clearly outline, leaving little room for interpretation from governments.
  13. 13. • The conference also discussed actions required to implement specific programs within individual countries that would encourage reproductive health and stipulated exactly what the role of these programs should be in the lives of women, men, families and adolescents.
  14. 14. •The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development made significant steps towards women’s reproductive issues. •The use of clearly stated definitions and plans of action provided not only clarity about the issues but also the provisions needed to achieve such goals •The conference continued the historical trend towards increased awareness of women’s reproductive issues and the significant role these issues play in the health of the global population.
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