On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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Women’s reproductive rights became a significant aspect of the conference.
Women and Population
Women are significantly linked to the overall health and development of the world’s population
Therefore, improving the lives of women will assist with improving the health of world populations
The Cairo conference (1994) made significant strides towards increased equality for women, improved health status and ideal population health and development.
History of Reproductive Health
Decline in maternal mortality began in western countries in the early 20th century
Women from developing countries are still at a high risk of dying during pregnancy
Risk is 1/16 for women in developing countries in contrast to 1/4800 for women in developed countries.
History of Reproductive Health
Newborn survival is closely linked to the health of the mother
The Health of the mother and child should be equally addressed
1987 Conference on safe motherhood.
Decade for Women
UN established Decade for women 1976-1985
Recognized governmental role in establishing women’s health
Reveals a growing trend towards support for women’s health rights and its connection to the health of the broader global community
Took place in Mexico City
Focus on women’s rights relevant to men
Women’s access to employment and education
Population and Development Conference 1984
1984 Conference and Reproductive Rights
Familial rights to reproduction were outlined in more detail than women’s specific rights
Argued that women should be equal to men in all social spheres
Yet, the conference failed to stipulate how this equality should be achieved or maintained
Women’s rights terms were not clearly defined
The conference left too much room for governmental interpretation and control
Explicit goals were not set that would have aided in enforcing implementation
1984 Reproductive Rights Analysis
The International Conference on Population and Development 1994
Definition of reproductive health was created
The definition demonstrated the recognition of the variety and complexity of issues that can affect overall women’s health and therefore the ability to reproduce
Provided further examples as to how women’s health, and therefore the health of the population, may be improved
Focus on Women’s Rights 1994
The right of women to experience pregnancy and childbirth safely was made explicit
Discussed the need to Promote and protect the women’s rights relating to reproduction and sexuality
Argued for access to fertility regulation which includes: family planning, delayed childbearing, the use of contraception, treatment of infertility, interruption of unwanted pregnancies and breastfeeding.
The Cairo conference distinguished itself from the conference in 1984 by setting out specific actions to be taken concerning reproductive rights
Inclusion of reproductive health in the primary health-care system by the year 2015.
Clearly outlined goals sets standard.
As well reproductive health aspects that were intended to be included were clearly outline, leaving little room for interpretation from governments.
Program of Action and Reproductive Rights
The conference also discussed actions required to implement specific programs within individual countries that would encourage reproductive health and stipulated exactly what the role of these programs should be in the lives of women, men, families and adolescents.
Program of Action Continued
The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development made significant steps towards women’s reproductive issues.
The use of clearly stated definitions and plans of action provided not only clarity about the issues but also the provisions needed to achieve such goals
The conference continued the historical trend towards increased awareness of women’s reproductive issues and the significant role these issues play in the health of the global population.