Node.js, for architects - OpenSlava 2013


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These are the slides that were used for my presentation on Node.js in OpenSlava 2013 (October 11th, 2013, Bratislava) and provide an introduction to Node.js as well as analyze the potential effects of introducing Node.js in an enterprise and from an architectural perspective.

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  • Unashamedly inspired by: (slide 11)
  • Other approaches to deal with application parallelism:Onethread per connection – thereisanupperlimittothenumber of concurrentthreads, and thereis a memoryoverhead per threadFork a new process per connection – same as above; limitedbytheoperatingsystemprocessscheduler, and processes are heavierthanthreadsSynchronous – don’tbotherwithparallelprocessingNode.js’ approachtoparallelismscalesbetter and uses lessmemorytoprocess a largeramount of connections – butitrequiresthatwebuildapplicationsthat are not CPU-bound
  • Node-restifyisusedhere, butit can all be accomplishedwithout a frameworktoo.
  • JSON is Javascript’s native serialization formatIntegrates very well with things like JSON-based APIs,MongoDB, etc – things that speak JSON natively
  • Note on “boring CRUD-type web apps”: Node.jsframeworksdon’tmakeitneithereasiernor more difficulttowritetraditional web apps; Node.js and itsframeworksjustsimplymake no differencehere
  • Imagecredit:
  • Note: Diagram inspired from processes are single threaded so scalability within the same server is dependent on the number of node processes that we run.In order to load balance the load within the same server, we can use a traditional load balancer running locally.The next step is to scale multiple servers, for which we need an additional load balanced layer on top of the local instances.Database/storage tier can be scaled according to the type of solution in use.
  • Imagesource: idea:
  • JavaScript is not better or worse than other languages; but it may look more accessible and easier to learn than it actually is.
  • Grunt = Ant,MavenYeoman = Maven, someparts of itincludingarchetypes (“generators” in Yeomanese)
  • Thereis no substitutefor a compilerNo provensuccess of Node.jsapplications in theenterpriseworld, yet
  • Node.js, for architects - OpenSlava 2013

    1. 1. Oscar Renalias Getting started with Node.js October 11, 2013 Organizers Top Media Partner Media Partner Supporter
    2. 2. About me @oscarrenalias
    3. 3. Server-side
    4. 4. Javascript • Dynamically typed • Supports functions/closures • Object-oriented with prototype-based inheritance • Standardized as ECMAScript
    5. 5. V8: High Performance JavaScript Engine • JIT to native: x86, ARM and MIPS • On-the-fly recompilation of “hot” functions with an optimizing compiler • ECMAScript compliant
    6. 6. Single threaded??
    7. 7. Asynchronous, Event-based Event producers Event Event Event Callbacks
    8. 8. Single threaded, asynchronous, event-based! Wait for callback Wait for I/O Wait for I/O Callback ready
    9. 9. Event callbacks
    10. 10. Sequential callbacks?
    11. 11. So why are async and events good? • Easier to write • Scales better • Lower memory, CPU overhead
    12. 12. Rapid prototyping, rapid development
    13. 13. RESTful services with no effort
    14. 14. No-fuss, native JSON handling
    15. 15. Awesome Package management • Gets out of the way • Support for internal and public modules • Kiss problems with transitive dependencies goodbye
    16. 16. Community modules
    17. 17. Interesting Projects: Express • Minimal web application framework • Additional features are provided as modules or middleware: template engines, models, authentication and authorization, etc
    18. 18. Interesting Projects: • Provides support for server-initiated push events using WebSockets, Ajax polling, Iframe, JSONP or Flashbased channels • Transparent for both clients and servers • Can run standalone or integrated with Express SERVER CLIENT
    19. 19. Interesting Projects: Meteor • Next-gen framework for real-time collaborative web applications • Live page updates • Support for offline databases with subsequent synchronization
    20. 20. When to use Node.js • REST+JSON APIs • Backend for single-page web apps: same language in client and server • Real-time web apps with and Meteor • Quick prototyping • Rapidly evolving applications: media sites, marketing, etc
    21. 21. When not to use Node.js • CPU-bound tasks • Multi-threaded applications • Applications that have to process large amounts of data • Boring CRUD-type web apps
    22. 22. Ready for the Enterprise?
    23. 23. Maturity • Under development since 2008 • Node.js 1.0 around the corner • Nearly 40000 modules available via npm • Awesome community • Commercial support
    24. 24. Lightweight Architecture Enabler
    25. 25. Does it Scale?
    26. 26. Performance Test: multiple database queries per request, serialized as JSON responses
    27. 27. More Performance Test: return a response as a simple serialized JSON object Source:
    28. 28. Not the fastest; does it always matter?
    29. 29. Javascript Weird shit Like Java, with simple syntax and no types
    30. 30. JavaScript is quirky different • Prototype-based inheritance • “==“ versus “===“ • The meaning of “this” • Call, apply and bind in Function.prototype And more.
    31. 31. Solid development toolset
    32. 32. Toolset • Large selection of testing libraries: unit testing, functional testing, BDD • Static code analysis (JsHint) • IntelliJ IDEA, Eclipse (Nodeclipse) integration: highlighting, refactoring, debugging • Integration with Jenkins/Hudson, Node.js specific CI servers • NPM supports internal module repositories
    33. 33. Architects have a little bit of extra work Node.js currently lacks standards; extra effort and care must be paid to • application architecture, • development lifecycle, • code quality, And many more.
    34. 34. Big teams, big codebases
    35. 35. Where does it run?
    36. 36. Is it commercially supported? Joyent is the corporate steward of Node.js, the world’s best runtime for today's data-intensive, real-time applications. Joyent offers exclusive debugging and performance analysis tools for Node.js applications.
    37. 37. Anybody using it?