Pharmacology & memory just

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  • Etymology & PharmacologyGeneral RulesCompany or ManufactureDrug’s Action or EffectPharmacokineticsOrigin & StructurePharmacology Mnemonics
  • Etymology: study of the origin of words, study of the historical development of words علم أصل الكلمات أو تاريخ الألفاظ
  • The name was derived from the German word "heroisch" (heroic) because of its perceived "heroic" effects upon a user
  • Hypnotics = hypno
  • describing the red color
  • Remember: Ipratropium + Salbutamol (Albuterol) = Combivent
  • MerzPharma: German pharmaceutical company
  • CliazaprilOmeprazole
  • Lescol = fluvastatin
  • ipratropium
  • ipratropium
  • ipratropium
  • something that is designed to assist the memory (often referring to a word or group of words that can be associated with the information being remembered)
  • Miosis: pupils constricted (overdose)Orthostatic hypotensionRespiratory depressionPain suppressionHistamine release/ Hormonal alterationsIncreased ICPNauseaEuphoriaSedation
  • Antibiotics contraindicated during pregnancyM-CAT:Metronidazole (Flagyl ®)ChloramphenicolAminoglycosides (Gentramicin, Amikacin .. etc.)Tetracyclines
  • Pharmacology & memory just

    1. 1. Etymology & Pharmacology • Company or Manufacture • Drug’s Action or Effect • Pharmacokinetics • Origin & Structure General Rules Pharmacology Mnemonics
    2. 2. dar as- sina'ah Arzenale Arsenal Arabic Italian English
    3. 3. Medical uses: • Dyslipidemia ( Lipids & Cholesterol) • Cardiovascular disease (CHD, Stroke) • Lipitor, is a member of the drug class ended by • Action: inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase (an enzyme found in liver tissue that plays a key role in production of cholesterol in the body).
    4. 4. lasts Two to Six hours
    5. 5. Bronchodilator
    6. 6. Used to inhibit blood clots in coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease. Works by irreversibly inhibiting adenosine diphosphate ADP chemoreceptor.
    7. 7. “Milk Anesthesia” “Milk of Amnesia" • Intravenous (IV) • Anesthetic NOT Analgesic • Sedative & Hypnotic • Short-acting Was a contributing factor in Jackson's death in 2009
    8. 8. Scientific Name: Atenolol Examples: Propranolol Timolol Esmolol Metoprolol Beta blocker Produce ( Blood Pressure )
    9. 9. HCL (stomach) secretions Scientific Name: Omeprazole Examples: Lansoprazole Dexlansoprazole Esomeprazole Pantoprazole Rabeprazole Other Brand Names Prilosec ® Losec ®
    10. 10. IMPORTANT: Used with caution in patients with a history of recent (5 to 6 months) Streptococcal Infection because they may have antibodies against the drug resulting in increased resistance to its action. Brand Name Streptase ® Isolated from
    11. 11. Serotonin 5-HT3 Receptor Antagonist Scientific Name: Tropisetron Examples: Ondansetron (Zofran ®) Granisetron Palonosetron Dolasetron identified by the suffix – setron Antiemetic to treat following Chemotherapy Another Brand Name: Setrovel ®
    12. 12. • Non-depolarizing Neuromuscular Blocking Agent Scientific Name: Cisatracurium Besilate Examples: Atracurium (Tracrium ®) Doxacurium (Nuromax ®) Mivacurium (Mivacron ®) identified by the suffix – acurium Important Tips: • Mechanical Ventilation • Adjunct to Anesthesia • NOT Analgesic !! • Produce Hypotension due to Histamine Release
    13. 13. Short acting Scientific Name: Remifentanil Examples: Alfentanil (Alfenta®) Sufentanil (Sufenta®) Carfentanil (Wildnil ®) Lofentanil Fentanyl Analogues • Analgesic & Anesthetic • 100 times more potent than Morphine
    14. 14. Examples
    15. 15. Examples
    16. 16. Examples
    17. 17. • SalivationS • LacrimationL • UrinationU • DigestionD • DefecationD • BronchoconstrictionB Vagal Stimulation = Bradycardia Parasympathetic Nervous System Dry Mouth Dry Eye Urinary Retention Constipation Constipation Bronchodilation Tachycardia Atropine
    18. 18. • Miosis (pin point pupil) • Orthostatic hypotension • Respiratory depression • Physical dependency • Histamine release • Increased ICP • Nausea • Euphoria • Sedation
    19. 19. • Metronidazole M • Chloramphenicol C • Aminoglycosides A • Tetracyclines T Hepatic Failure Gray Baby Syndrome Ototoxicity Teeth Discoloration & Liver Failure Relatively Contraindicated & Others like Nitrofurantoin , Quinolones and Sulfonamides
    20. 20. Alprazolam Xanax ® Peak:1-2 hours Half-life: 6-12 hours Anxiolytic Diazepam Valium ® Peak: 1-2 hours Half-life: 20-100 hours Anxiolytic Anticonvulsant Muscle relaxant Lorazepam Ativan ® Peak: 2-4 hours Half-life: 10-20 hours Anxiolytic Anticonvulsant Midazolam Dormicum ® Peak: 0.5-1 hours Half-life: 1.8-6 hours Hypnotic Flumazenil Anexate ® Antidote for benzodiazepines

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