Pharmacology & memory just
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  • Etymology & PharmacologyGeneral RulesCompany or ManufactureDrug’s Action or EffectPharmacokineticsOrigin & StructurePharmacology Mnemonics
  • Etymology: study of the origin of words, study of the historical development of words علم أصل الكلمات أو تاريخ الألفاظ
  • The name was derived from the German word "heroisch" (heroic) because of its perceived "heroic" effects upon a user
  • Hypnotics = hypno
  • describing the red color
  • Remember: Ipratropium + Salbutamol (Albuterol) = Combivent
  • MerzPharma: German pharmaceutical company
  • CliazaprilOmeprazole
  • Lescol = fluvastatin
  • ipratropium
  • ipratropium
  • ipratropium
  • something that is designed to assist the memory (often referring to a word or group of words that can be associated with the information being remembered)
  • Miosis: pupils constricted (overdose)Orthostatic hypotensionRespiratory depressionPain suppressionHistamine release/ Hormonal alterationsIncreased ICPNauseaEuphoriaSedation
  • Antibiotics contraindicated during pregnancyM-CAT:Metronidazole (Flagyl ®)ChloramphenicolAminoglycosides (Gentramicin, Amikacin .. etc.)Tetracyclines

Pharmacology & memory just Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Etymology & Pharmacology • Company or Manufacture • Drug’s Action or Effect • Pharmacokinetics • Origin & Structure General Rules Pharmacology Mnemonics
  • 2. dar as- sina'ah Arzenale Arsenal Arabic Italian English
  • 3. Medical uses: • Dyslipidemia ( Lipids & Cholesterol) • Cardiovascular disease (CHD, Stroke) • Lipitor, is a member of the drug class ended by • Action: inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase (an enzyme found in liver tissue that plays a key role in production of cholesterol in the body).
  • 4. lasts Two to Six hours
  • 5. Bronchodilator
  • 6. Used to inhibit blood clots in coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease. Works by irreversibly inhibiting adenosine diphosphate ADP chemoreceptor.
  • 7. “Milk Anesthesia” “Milk of Amnesia" • Intravenous (IV) • Anesthetic NOT Analgesic • Sedative & Hypnotic • Short-acting Was a contributing factor in Jackson's death in 2009
  • 8. Scientific Name: Atenolol Examples: Propranolol Timolol Esmolol Metoprolol Beta blocker Produce ( Blood Pressure )
  • 9. HCL (stomach) secretions Scientific Name: Omeprazole Examples: Lansoprazole Dexlansoprazole Esomeprazole Pantoprazole Rabeprazole Other Brand Names Prilosec ® Losec ®
  • 10. IMPORTANT: Used with caution in patients with a history of recent (5 to 6 months) Streptococcal Infection because they may have antibodies against the drug resulting in increased resistance to its action. Brand Name Streptase ® Isolated from
  • 11. Serotonin 5-HT3 Receptor Antagonist Scientific Name: Tropisetron Examples: Ondansetron (Zofran ®) Granisetron Palonosetron Dolasetron identified by the suffix – setron Antiemetic to treat following Chemotherapy Another Brand Name: Setrovel ®
  • 12. • Non-depolarizing Neuromuscular Blocking Agent Scientific Name: Cisatracurium Besilate Examples: Atracurium (Tracrium ®) Doxacurium (Nuromax ®) Mivacurium (Mivacron ®) identified by the suffix – acurium Important Tips: • Mechanical Ventilation • Adjunct to Anesthesia • NOT Analgesic !! • Produce Hypotension due to Histamine Release
  • 13. Short acting Scientific Name: Remifentanil Examples: Alfentanil (Alfenta®) Sufentanil (Sufenta®) Carfentanil (Wildnil ®) Lofentanil Fentanyl Analogues • Analgesic & Anesthetic • 100 times more potent than Morphine
  • 14. Examples
  • 15. Examples
  • 16. Examples
  • 17. • SalivationS • LacrimationL • UrinationU • DigestionD • DefecationD • BronchoconstrictionB Vagal Stimulation = Bradycardia Parasympathetic Nervous System Dry Mouth Dry Eye Urinary Retention Constipation Constipation Bronchodilation Tachycardia Atropine
  • 18. • Miosis (pin point pupil) • Orthostatic hypotension • Respiratory depression • Physical dependency • Histamine release • Increased ICP • Nausea • Euphoria • Sedation
  • 19. • Metronidazole M • Chloramphenicol C • Aminoglycosides A • Tetracyclines T Hepatic Failure Gray Baby Syndrome Ototoxicity Teeth Discoloration & Liver Failure Relatively Contraindicated & Others like Nitrofurantoin , Quinolones and Sulfonamides
  • 20. Alprazolam Xanax ® Peak:1-2 hours Half-life: 6-12 hours Anxiolytic Diazepam Valium ® Peak: 1-2 hours Half-life: 20-100 hours Anxiolytic Anticonvulsant Muscle relaxant Lorazepam Ativan ® Peak: 2-4 hours Half-life: 10-20 hours Anxiolytic Anticonvulsant Midazolam Dormicum ® Peak: 0.5-1 hours Half-life: 1.8-6 hours Hypnotic Flumazenil Anexate ® Antidote for benzodiazepines