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Abjs 2008 Veillette Open Access Orthopaedics

Abjs 2008 Veillette Open Access Orthopaedics






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    Abjs 2008 Veillette Open Access Orthopaedics Abjs 2008 Veillette Open Access Orthopaedics Presentation Transcript

    • Open Access / Open Source Orthopedics Christian Veillette M.D., M.Sc., FRCSC Assistant Professor, University of Toronto Shoulder & Elbow Reconstructive Surgery Toronto Western Hospital University Health Network Email: orthonet@gmail.com
    • Objectives
      • Define Open Access / Open Source
      • Demonstrate the barriers to knowledge translation created by commercial copyright
      • Provide overview of the alternatives to standard copyright
      • Demonstrate the value of Open Access / Open Source
        • Citation advantage
      • Provide overview of Orthopaedia
        • collaborative hypermedia workspace
    • What is OS/OA?
      • Open source
        • process for the collective production and sharing of knowledge
        • generally associated with the production of computer code in ways made possible by the internet and computer networking
        • made popular through the success of projects such as Apache and Linux 
      • Open access
        • refers to scholarly literature that is produced digitally, posted online and, generally, available free of charge
        • content is also free of most copyright and licensing restrictions
    • Open Access (OA)
      • Open access (OA) to scientific literature means removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work - G. Eysenbach
      • Two parallel “roads” towards OA
        • OA journals
          • make published articles immediately freely available on Web site
          • model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (research grant)
        • Self-archiving
          • to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access
          • make the article available on personal and/or institutional Web sites
    • Barriers to Knowledge Translation
      • Open access removes knowledge dissemination barriers
      • Closes KT feedback loop
    • Citation Advantage of OA
      • Eysenbach G (2006) Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles. PLoS Biol 4(5): e157
      • OA articles compared to non-OA articles more likely to be cited
        • first 4–10 mo after publication - odds ratio = 2.1
        • 10–16 mo after publication – odds ratio = 2.9
      • Articles published as immediate OA article on the journal site have higher impact than self-archived or otherwise openly accessible OA articles
      • OA articles more immediately recognized and cited by peers than non-OA articles published in same journal
    • Alternatives to Standard Copyright
      • GNU Free Documentation License http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNU_Free_Documentation_License
        • Used for Wikipedia
        • designed for manuals, textbooks, instructional materials, and documentation for GPL software
      • Creative Commons Licenses http:// creativecommons.org /
    • OrthoPaedia
      • Collaborative orthopaedic knowledgebase
      • Based on wiki framework
        • Popular in enterprise collaboration
        • anyone with access to an Internet-connected computer can edit, correct, or improve information throughout the workspace
        • hyperlinks to pages with related content are automatically created
    • Orthopaedia.info
    • How to contribute
      • Send email to [email_address] with request to become contributor
        • Attach copy of CV
      • Once account created/access granted:
        • Add a new article
        • Edit an existing article
        • Upload a presentation from rounds
        • Invite your fellow residents to contribute
    • Thank you The Orthopaedic Internet: A Collaborative Resource