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Breast Cancer
 

Breast Cancer

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Senior Graduation Project Presentation

Senior Graduation Project Presentation

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  • My story\n
  • Breast Cancer is clusters of abnormal cells that multiply in the Breast. Normally cells will multiply then stop once they are divided, but it cancerous cells the cells don’t stop multiplying. They keep multiplying until the clusters form what is known as a tumor.\n
  • It is unknown what causes breast cancer. Some contributing factors could be...\na person’s age\ngenetic factors/background\npersonal health history\ndiet\n
  • 1 in 8 women will have breast cancer in their lifetime. This cancer is the most common cancer killer in America for women. Breast Cancer is more commonly found in patients over the age of 50, but there are many cases of breast cancer springing up in women in their 40’s. Breast Cancer is mainly a hereditary disease. It is passed down through family members. Though patients who get the disease under the age of 40 usually don’t have relatives that have had the disease. The cancer is thought to be more aggressive in these cases. There are 89% of women survivors over the age of 40, while at 82% there are lower numbers of women survivors under the age of 40. Women who get the disease young may have complications in getting pregnant because they may become infertile. In cases of women over 50 pregnancy is no longer an issue. The age range for women is now between the ages of 35 and 54.\n
  • Symptoms are...\nA lump or mass as small as a pea in size.\nA change in the breast’s appearance meaning a change in the size, shape, or contour of the breast.\nThickening of the breast or underarm area.\nBlood or clear fluid is discharged from the nipple.\nA change in the skins appearance including dimpled, puckered, scaly, or inflamed skin.\nRedness of the skin on the breast or the nipple\nThe change in the shape or position of the nipple\n\n\n
  • If you thought breast cancer didn’t affect men you’d find that you were wrong. Breast cancer does affect men and the outcome can be serious and sometimes fatal. Breast Cancer is more common in females because they have more breast tissue and cells. It is rare for men to develop breast cancer, but it still happens. The rates climbing higher every year. The age range for Male Breast Cancer is between 60-70 though cases of younger patients do come up.\n
  • Symptoms are...\nA mass or lump. The lump is firm and not painful like a women’s lump.\nSkin dimpling or puckering\nChanges in the nipple’s size or position\nNipple Discharge (blood or fluid)\nRedness or burning of the nipple or breast\nSwelling of breast, nipple, or chest muscle\n\n\n
  • The main thing you want to do is to find the lump or pained area. By doing exams you can feel for the lump. If you believe that you’ve found a lump or if you’ve experienced any of the normal symptoms you should seek you’re doctor immediately. Doctors will perform an exam of the breasts. They will also send for a mammogram test. A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast. This machine picks up small tumors before the patient or the doctor can feel them. Women should start mammograms yearly when they turn 40. Patients with a history of breast cancer in their family should start taking mammogram tests earlier than other patients. Another test that is used is an ultrasound. This is the same machine used to check how a pregnant woman’s baby is developing. Instead of using an x-ray this machine follows pulses to find the object or areas density in the breast. A biopsy is the final step of diagnosis. The most common type of biopsy being FNAB (Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy). A needle is inserted into the lump or mass and a fluid is extracted. If the fluid is clear the lump is most likely benign. If the fluid is bloody or cloudy it could mean that the lump is a benign cyst or a malignant cyst. If the fluid is solid then the lump is malignant.\n
  • A benign tumor means that it is not cancerous. \nSimple cysts are fluid filled sacs that are usually found in both breasts. There can be more than one in each breast and they can be size. These cysts change in size and tenderness during a women’s period.\nFibroadenoma are the most common tumors that women develop. They are solid, round, and rubbery lumps. They are extra made lobules. The Age range of patients is between 20 and 30. These are mostly found in African Americans.\nIntraductal Papilloma are wart-like growths that frame the mammary duct near the nipple. These can make bleeding from the nipple occur and mostly found in 45-50 age range.\nTraumatic Fat Necrosis are when trauma to the breasts occurs. These are usually round, hard, single, and painless lumps of fat.\nA malignant tumor means that you have cancer. \n
  • Infiltrating lobular carcinoma is a cancer that begins in the lobules (where breast milk is made). The cancer has spread to the surrounding breast tissue or to the rest of the body.\nLCIS (Lobular Carcinoma in situ) is a cancer that is only found in the lobules of the breast. It’s not a true cancer, but it gives a person a higher rate of developing cancer. It can still spread to both breasts.\nInvasive Ductal Carcinoma is a cancer that forms in the milk ducts of the breast. The cancer then spreads to the fatty tissues. This is the most common type of breast cancer\nDCIS (Ductal Carcinoma in situ) is a curable cancer. It is in the early stage (stage 0). This cancer thrives in the place of origin which is the milk ducts of the breast. It does not leave it’s place of origin.\n
  • The cancer remains local. This means that it hasn’t spread from it’s origin yet.\n
  • The cancer is 2 cm or smaller and hasn’t spread anywhere.\n
  • Stage 2a: The cancer is smaller than 2 centimeters with lymph node involvement or the cancer is larger than 2 centimeters but less than 5 centimeters without underarm lymph node involvement.\nStage 2b: The cancer is larger than 5 centimeters without underarm lymph node involvement or the cancer is larger than 2 centimeters but less than 5 centimeters with underarm lymph node involvement.\n
  • Stage 3a: The tumor is larger than five centimeters and has spread to the lymph nodes under the arm or the tumor is any size and has cancerous lymph nodes that are in surrounding tissues.\nStage 3b: The tumor is any size and has spread to the skin chest wall or internal mammary lymph nodes (beneath the breast or inside the chest)\nStage 3c: The tumor is any size and has spread. It is involving more lymph node invasion\n\n\n\n
  • Breast cancer is now defined as a tumor\nDoesn't matter what size\nThe cancer has spread to other areas of the body far from the breast (bones, lungs, liver, brain, distant lymph nodes)\n
  • There’s a staging system used to diagnose a patients cancer. T stands for tumor and determines the cancer’s size. TX means the tumor can’t be found or can’t be measured. T0 means there is no evidence of the primary tumor. Tis means the tumor hasn’t started growing. T1-T4 is how large the tumor is. The larger the T number, the larger the tumor. N stands for Node involvement. NX means the nearby lymph nodes can’t be measured or found. N0 means the nearby lymph nodes don’t contain cancer. N1-N3 is the size, location, and number of lymph nodes involved in the cancer. The higher the N number, the more lymph nodes are involved. M stands for metastasis. Metastasis is the development of secondary cancerous growths at a distance from the original site of the cancer. MX means the metastasis can’t be measured or found. N0 means there are no distant metastases. M1 means the distant metastasis was found.\n
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Breast Cancer Breast Cancer Presentation Transcript

  • Breast Cancer Olivia Rodenbaugh
  • ThesisBreast Cancer is a disease that effects thousands of womenand men in America. Without a true cure Breast Cancer needsto be taught to the public. Through my application I wish toeducate others and raise awareness on what I’ve learnedabout this non discriminatory disease.
  • Personal Relevance
  • What is Breast Cancer?Nardo, Don. Breast Cancer. San Diego: Lucent Books Inc., 2002. Print.http://cache.fancyflours.com/fancyflours/images/items/quins-breast-cancer-ribbon.jpg
  • What causes Breast Cancer?"Facts About Breast Cancer." Web MD. N.p., 2009. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://women.webmd.com/guide/breast-cancer-arm-yourself-with-facts>.
  • Breast Cancer in Women Over 40 years of age 89% survival rate Under 40 years of age 82% survival rate Passed down through family membersOdle, Teresa G, Susan M Love, and Karen Lindsey. "Understanding Breast Cancer." Perspectives on Diseases and Disorders: Breast Cancer. By Gale Cengage Learning. Ed. Elizabeth Des Chenes. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2009. 34-51. Print."Facts About Breast Cancer." Web MD. N.p., 2009. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://women.webmd.com/guide/breast-cancer-arm-yourself-with-facts>.http://www-cancer.us/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/Symptoms-of-Breast-Cancer.jpg
  • Symptoms in Women ✦ Lump or Mass ✦ Change in breast appearance ✦ Change in nipple appearance ✦ Blood or fluid discharge ✦ Skin reddening"Facts About Breast Cancer." Web MD. N.p., 2009. Web. 15 Feb. 2011.<http://women.webmd.com/guide/breast-cancer-arm-yourself-with-facts>.http://www-cancer.us/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/Breast-Cancer-Symptoms.gifhttp://0.tqn.com/f/p/440/graphics/images/en/17019.jpg
  • Breast Cancer in Men ๏ Ages 60-70 ๏ Breast Cancer in Males can be very serious and sometimes fatalOdle, Teresa G, Susan M Love, and Karen Lindsey. "Understanding Breast Cancer." Perspectives on Diseases and Disorders: Breast Cancer. By Gale Cengage Learning. Ed. Elizabeth Des Chenes. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2009. 34-51. Print.http://www.nbocc.org.au/men/treatment/images/male_mastectomy_web.jpg
  • Symptoms in MenOdle, Teresa G, Susan M Love, and Karen Lindsey. "Understanding Breast Cancer." Perspectives on Diseases and Disorders: Breast Cancer. By Gale Cengage Learning. Ed. Elizabeth Des Chenes. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2009. 34-51. Print.Gale Cengage Learning. Perspectives on Diseases and Disorders: Breast Cancer. Ed. Elizabeth Des Chenes. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2009. N. pag. Print.http://www.knowabouthealth.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/breast_cancer_male.jpghttp://www.katrinatribute.info/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/MaleBreastCancer.gif
  • Screening and Diagnosis ✦ Finding the tumor/lump ✦ Self Exams ✦ Mammography ✦ Ultrasonography ✦ BiopsyNardo, Don. Breast Cancer. San Diego: Lucent Books Inc., 2002. Print."Facts About Breast Cancer." Web MD. N.p., 2009. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://women.webmd.com/guide/breast-cancer-arm-yourself-with-facts>.http://www.umm.edu/graphics/images/en/17085.jpghttp://www.theonlinelearningcenter.com/assets2/education-for-sonographers.jpg
  • Tumors Benign = not cancerous Simple Cyst Fibroadenoma Intraductal Papilloma Traumatic Fat Necrosis Malignant = cancerous"Benign Breast Lumps." Web MD. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://www.webmd.com/breast-cancer/benign-breast-lumps>http://ragepk.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/Breast-Cancer-Malpractice2.jpghttp://www.solarnavigator.net/music/music_images/breast_cancer_diagram.gif
  • Types of Breast Cancer ✴ Infiltrating (Invasive) Lobular Carcinoma ✴ Lobular Carcinoma in situ (LCIS) ✴ Invasive Ductal Carcinoma ✴ Ductal Carcinoma in situ (DCIS)"Facts About Breast Cancer." Web MD. N.p., 2009. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://women.webmd.com/guide/breast-cancer-arm-yourself-with-facts>.http://mesotheliomaz.info/wp-content/uploads/2008/12/metastatic-breast-cancer.jpg
  • Stage 0 (Early Stage)"Facts About Breast Cancer." Web MD. N.p., 2009. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://women.webmd.com/guide/breast-cancer-arm-yourself-with-facts>."Types of Breast Cancer Tumors." Editorial. Susan G. Komen for the Cure. Health Communication Research Laboratory at Saint Louis University, 2008. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://ww5.komen.org/uploadedFiles/Content_Binaries/ 806-369.pdf>.http://cancer.co.in/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/stages-of-breast-cancer.jpg
  • Stage 1"Facts About Breast Cancer." Web MD. N.p., 2009. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://women.webmd.com/guide/breast-cancer-arm-yourself-with-facts>.http://cancer.co.in/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/stages-of-breast-cancer.jpg
  • Stage 2"Facts About Breast Cancer." Web MD. N.p., 2009. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://women.webmd.com/guide/breast-cancer-arm-yourself-with-facts>.http://cancer.co.in/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/stages-of-breast-cancer.jpg
  • Stage 3"Facts About Breast Cancer." Web MD. N.p., 2009. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://women.webmd.com/guide/breast-cancer-arm-yourself-with-facts>.http://cancer.co.in/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/stages-of-breast-cancer.jpg
  • Stage 4"Facts About Breast Cancer." Web MD. N.p., 2009. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://women.webmd.com/guide/breast-cancer-arm-yourself-with-facts>.http://cancer.co.in/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/stages-of-breast-cancer.jpg
  • Staging System (TNM) T stands for Tumor N stands for Node M stands for Metastasis"Stages of Breast Cancer." http://www.breastcancer.org. N.p., 21 Jan. 2010. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/diagnosis/ staging.jsp>.uwlclinicaloncology2010.wikispaces.com
  • TreatmentMastectomyLumpectomyChemotherapy
  • Post Treatment/Follow up
  • ApplicationDescribe in detail your application componentmultiple slidesuse picturesapproximately 8-12 minutes
  • Class Activity
  • Works Cited
  • ConclusionWhat did you learn?