Two Dimensions of Conscience1. It can refer to a person’s basic moral tendency in the depths of a person’s being, a basic moral value that summons the person to obedience, to love good and to avoid evil.2. It can also refer to a practical moral judgment in the person’s heart telling the person “inwardly at the right moment: do this, shun that”.
Complex Factors that Enter into the Formation of Filipino Conscience1. Family upbringing2. Interaction with other consciences3. Social environment4. The influence of media
Formation of Conscience1. Word of God2. Faith and Prayer put into Practice3. Examine our conscience4. Assisted by the gifts of the Holy Spirit5. Aided by the witness and advice of others6. Guided by the authoritative teaching of the ChurchMAGISTERIUM- the authority and power of the Church to teach religious truth.
The Church has been engaged in an on going process of “conscientization” in our social responsibilities as Filipino Christians. She formed a ministry to raise the social consciousness of the people known as the social action center.Faith judges ideology, not the other way around.When knowledge is valued, it becomes the wisdom of the heart.
To effectively carry through a program that actually builds justice in a truly Filipino and Christian manner demands a double recognition:1. That the struggle for liberation, justice, and peace is really part of authentic Christian faith2. That Christian faith has an essential, irreplaceable role to play in achieving justice for the Filipino: we must take responsibility for building a just society.
The Moral Virtues1. PRUDENCE2. JUSTICE3. FORTITUDE4. TEMPERANCE5. CHARITY
STAGES OF MORALREASONINGDr. Lawrence KohlbergFIRST LEVEL: Pre- Conventional Stage 1: Fear of Punishment Stage 2: Personal UsefulnessSECOND LEVEL: Conventional Stage 3: Conformity with the Group Stage 4: Law and Order Stage 5: Social Contract or Respect for Others Stage 6: Personal Conscience