Critical Analysis
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Critical Analysis

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How to think and write critically for Arts students in university

How to think and write critically for Arts students in university

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Critical Analysis Critical Analysis Presentation Transcript

  • Critical analysis
    Orna Farrell
    orna.farrell@dbs.ie
  • How do you get higher marks?
    Description?
    Or
    Analysis?
  • What is critical analysis?
    Identifying other peoples positions, arguments and conclusions
    Evaluating evidence
    Weighing up opposing arguments
    Reflecting on issues in a structured way
    Drawing conclusions about whether arguments are valid
    Presenting a point of view in a structured clear & well reasoned way
  • Why should I analyse?
    Critical analytical thinking is a key part of university study- using it will lead to higher marks
    Many first year students receive comments such as 'not analytical enough' on their early assignments
    when you cite a source of evidence for your own arguments, you will need to be sure that the evidence really does support your point, and is accurate and reliable.
    You are expected to be very critical of your sources, using evidence that has been well researched rather than just your own opinion
  • Barriers to critical thinking
    Strategies used at school are not sufficient for third level
    Reluctance to critique experts
    Misunderstanding of what is meant by criticism
    Mistaking information for understanding
  • Different perspectives on learning
    Student: “I want you the expert to give me the answers to the questions, I want to know the right answer”
    Lecturers: “I want you to become critical thinkers, which means I want you to challenge experts answers and pursue your own answers through active questioning.”
  • Critical writing
    The focus of critical writing is to present a case by providing reasons, relevant evidence, evaluating alternative arguments, weighing up conflicting evidence, forming judgements on the evidence.
    Description and background keep to a minimum
  • Critical writing
    Feature of critical writing:
    Clarity: convince the reader, sparse language, sticks to the point
    Analysis
    Selection: give only important details
    Sequence
    Signposting
  • My approaches to analysis
    When writing:
    State
    Relate
    Prove
    Explain
    When discussing a theory:
    What is the theory?
    Do I agree or disagree with the theory and why?
    How does it relate to the assignment question?
    Give an example of how it works..
  • References
    Cottrell, S.(2005) Critical Thinking Skills. London: Palgrave.
    http://www.palgrave.com/skills4study/studyskills/thinking/critical.asp#thinking