Bullying is a specific type of aggression in which
the behavior is intended to harm or disturb
the behavior occurs repeatedly over time
there is an imbalance of power, with a more powerful person or group attacking a less powerful one
1 in 4 kids is bullied
77% of student say they have been bullied
14% reacted badly to the abuse
85% of bullying incidents are not intervened upon
Only 4% of incidents are intervened upon by adults
Lack of empathy
Positive attitudes toward violence
More likely to fight, steal, smoke, drink alcohol, be truant, drop out of school, and carry a weapon
(Olweus 1993, Nansel et al. 2001, 2003)
Implications for health promotion and program planning
Bias language and prejudice
Bully and victim
CNN Special on Bullying
How can we decrease incidences of bullying?
What can be done about cyberbullying?
Alternate question: review one of the articles on CNN. Post the link on Blackboard, and discuss the implications of the story on anti-bullying program planning.
Abell JC. “Three cheers for the Lori Drew acquittal, but not for Drew.” July 3, 2009. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/epicenter/2009/07/three-cheers-for-the-lori-drew-acquittal-but-not-for-drew/
Eckholm E, Zezima K. “Strategies take shape for trials in bully case.” The New York Times. September 15, 2010. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/16/us/16bully.html
Langman P. “Columbine, bullying, and the mind of Eric Harris.” Psychology Today. May 20, 2009. Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/keeping-kids-safe/200905/columbine-bullying-and-the-mind-eric-harris
Limber, S. P. (2002). Addressing youth bullying behaviors. Proceedings from the American Medical Association Educational Forum on Adolescent Health: Youth Bullying. Chicago, IL: American Medical Association. Retrieved August 12, 2005, from www.ama-assn.org/ama1/pub/upload/mm/39/ youthbullying.pdf.
MassLive.com. “Massachusetts anti-bullying bill, passed in response to suicides of Phoebe Prince and Carl Walker-Hoover, touted as ‘gold standard’” Retrieved from ’ http://www.masslive.com/news/index.ssf/2010/05/massachusetts_anti-bullying_bi.html
Nansel, T. Overpeck, M., Pilla, R.S., Ruan, W.J., Simmons-Morton, B. Schmidt, P. (2001). Bullying behaviors among US youth. Journal of American Medical Association, 285, 2094-2100.
Olweus, D. (1993).Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, Inc.
Poteat, V., & DiGiovanni, C. (2010). When Biased Language Use is Associated With Bullying and Dominance Behavior: The Moderating Effect of Prejudice. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 39(10), 1123-1133. doi:10.1007/s10964-010-9565-y.