From facilitating to participatory GIS. The Dutch planning domain.   Ajo Otto, Arjan Wilkens, Karolina Orlinska, Marcel St...
Introduction GIS can be more beneficial  if taken out of only-professionals domain
Table of contents <ul><li>Definitions and concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Relation to this conference </li></ul><ul><li>From FG...
Definitions and concepts <ul><li>Facilitating GIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a GIS which has been made available to support a c...
Relation to this conference <ul><li>“ Neo-geography, bottom-up, demand-orientation and empowerment of the community” – L. ...
From FGIS to PGIS Impulse: O: National law,  P: User demand Expert organisation public Impulse O: Collection of informatio...
Benefits of PGIS <ul><li>Transparency of decisions, processes etc. </li></ul><ul><li>More influence on the initial solutio...
Risks and conditions for PGIS <ul><li>Possible information overflow </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of interest from the public </l...
Thank you for your attention Are there any questions? Karolina Orlinska, Grontmij GIS&ICT [email_address]
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GSDI11 PGIS

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Presentation given during GSDI11 in Rotterdam in 2009

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  • Welcome everybody, On behalf of myself and my collegues, I would like to tell you about the vision on GIS future.
  • In one of the dutch municipalities, a group of citizens have issued for a modernisation of the road. The municipal workers took closer look at the case, and indeed the road needed to be brought to a better shape. They have came up with plan for modernisation of the road in question and it had to be laid for the reactions of the public. And what has happened? Some other group of citizens were very strongly against it! It turned out that along the road there was an alley of old trees And the modernisation of the road included widening of the driving surface and taking the tree down. The reaction of the public was so negative that the project did not go through… WHAT WENT WRONG AND HOW COULD IT HAVE BEEN DONE BETTER? Imagine, that all these stakeholders, also the one that seem not to have a direct interest in an issue can collaborate together… And how? With GIS!!! We belive that, GIS can be more benefitial if taken out of only-professionals domain!
  • Phase 1 the organisation has duty to inform example: GIS viewer Phase 2 the organisation recognises the benefits of the citizens input example: reports on public space issues Phase 3 the public demands more insight into the organisation processes and more influence on the contents and the results of these processes example: a portal where public can develope and submit alternative solutions
  • GSDI11 PGIS

    1. 1. From facilitating to participatory GIS. The Dutch planning domain. Ajo Otto, Arjan Wilkens, Karolina Orlinska, Marcel Steenis
    2. 2. Introduction GIS can be more beneficial if taken out of only-professionals domain
    3. 3. Table of contents <ul><li>Definitions and concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Relation to this conference </li></ul><ul><li>From FGIS to PGIS </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of PGIS </li></ul><ul><li>Risks and conditions for PGIS </li></ul>
    4. 4. Definitions and concepts <ul><li>Facilitating GIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a GIS which has been made available to support a communication processes, with geographic functionality to view and analyse geographic data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(P)Participatory GIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a system in which the GIS support is no longer apparent to the participating stakeholders, but through its use, has removed the expert-dependence of the general public and the influence of politically motivated decisions </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Relation to this conference <ul><li>“ Neo-geography, bottom-up, demand-orientation and empowerment of the community” – L. Hordijk, GSDI11 </li></ul><ul><li>“ from data consumer towards active participant” – Ch. Steenmans, GSDI11 </li></ul><ul><li>“ people want to generate information on voluntary bases” – B. Kok, GSDI11 </li></ul>
    6. 6. From FGIS to PGIS Impulse: O: National law, P: User demand Expert organisation public Impulse O: Collection of information from the public can be beneficial if structured P: Listen to us and use our input Impulse O:P: Share responsibilities regarding our living environment 1 2 3 All three phases will exist simultaneously
    7. 7. Benefits of PGIS <ul><li>Transparency of decisions, processes etc. </li></ul><ul><li>More influence on the initial solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Higher involvement in the local public life </li></ul><ul><li>More efficient and satisfactory results </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous feedback from the public </li></ul>
    8. 8. Risks and conditions for PGIS <ul><li>Possible information overflow </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of interest from the public </li></ul><ul><li>Misinterpretations </li></ul><ul><li>Can be long and costly </li></ul><ul><li>The result is not useful </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on communication and collaboration support </li></ul><ul><li>User friendly tools and models </li></ul><ul><li>Easy and common access to relevant data, tools and models </li></ul><ul><li>Requires a moderator </li></ul><ul><li>Clear view of the result </li></ul>GIS can be more beneficial if taken out of only-professionals domain
    9. 9. Thank you for your attention Are there any questions? Karolina Orlinska, Grontmij GIS&ICT [email_address]

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