Disciplinary Action


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Disciplinary Action

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Disciplinary Action

  1. 1. Orlando Moreno omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498
  2. 2. Why indiscipline?  Ignorance of rules  Physical/ mental incapability  Absence of proper training  Discontented workmen  Misguidance by Trade Union leaders  Absence of standard policies of handling discipline  Uncongenial working conditions omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 2
  3. 3. Indiscipline requiring action  Absenteeism  Habitual Late coming  Overstaying leave  Disobeying rules/ standing orders  Insubordination  Misappropriation of funds or valuables  Misconduct omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 3
  4. 4. Procedures  Standing Orders framed under the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 to be followed.  Ensure principle of natural justice.  Serving Charge sheet  Holding of Domestic Enquiry  Serving Shaw Cause Notice  Order of punishment omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 4
  5. 5. Charge Sheet  Memorandum of charges  Statement of allegations of misconduct/ omission/ negligence  No particular format prescribed for charge sheet in any Labour enactment  The object is to give the employee exact idea of the misconduct committed by him so that he may get reasonable opportunity to defend. omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 5
  6. 6. Requisites of Charge sheet  It should contain complete picture of misconduct  It should state that the act of commission or omission resulting in misconduct is violation of a particular clause of standing order  Language to be as per Standing Orders or as required by the delinquent  Enclose a list of witnesses in support of charges omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 6
  7. 7. Be specific  Charges leveled should be specifically stated- avoid ‘ etc..etc’/ ‘ other’/ ‘any’/ ‘ some people’ like expressions.  The amount misappropriated should be specific sum and not ‘ around’  Person manhandled should be Mr./Ms. X and not ‘ some one’  Time of misconduct should be exact- avoid ‘around’ time.  Charge sheet for using offending language should contain the exact word used. omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 7
  8. 8. Service of Charge sheet  As stated in the Standing Orders  Serve the charge sheet personally against signature on the duplicate copy/ delivery book  If absent/ on leave/ under suspension, paste it on the wall of the residence of the delinquent  By Registered Post  Displaying in the Notice Board of the company  Publishing in the regional newspaper omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 8
  9. 9. Domestic Enquiry  Follow rules laid down in Standing Orders  Purpose of domestic enquiry - Provide delinquent an opportunity to defend the charges Provide employer an opportunity to evaluate the situation and decide the penalty to be imposed omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 9
  10. 10. Notice of Enquiry to be served  Notice to show the Date and Time of enquiry  Venue of holding enquiry  Name of the Enquiry Officer  Notice to be served in the same manner as followed to serve charge sheet  Workman shall have right to appoint a Defense Helper  When legally trained person represents management in enquiry, workman shall also be allowed to be represented by lawyer omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 10
  11. 11. Recording the Evidences  Not mandatory that procedure laid down in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 or the Evidence Act, 1872 to be followed.  Question- Answer pattern may be followed  Statement of Management to be taken first  Cross examination by employee/ helper  Take signature of the concerned on record  Examine and cross examine witnesses  Object/ Disallow irrelevant questions omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 11
  12. 12. Show Cause Notice  Before punishment is initiated a Show Cause Notice highlighting the charges, findings of the enquiry and possible penalty imposed on the delinquent shall also be served calling on him to show cause ‘why action including discharge or (even dismissal) shall not be taken against’ the delinquent.  Though serving of such notice will not make the process of enquiry invalid, it is advisable to give the employee a final opportunity before punishment is inflicted.  Enquiry report to be furnished to the employee omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 12
  13. 13. Order of Punishment  Principles of natural justice to be followed  Punishment should not violate section 73 of the ESI Act - notice of dismissal or discharge given to an employee during the period the employee is in receipt of sickness, maternity or other benefit shall be invalid.  Order issued without holding a domestic enquiry or after holding a defective enquiry will not stand since Labour Court/ Tribunal can interfere with such order as provided u/s 11A of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 13
  14. 14. Charge sheet- absenting without intimation To Date: ------------- Sub: Absenting without intimation- You have been absent since_____ (date)/ overstaying leave granted since_____ (date) Absenting without leave/ overstaying of leave is an offence as per rule ___ of our Standing Orders and as such your act of absenting without intimation is a misconduct which attracts such punishment including termination of service. Accordingly you are hereby called upon to explain in writing within 48 hours as to why appropriate action should not be taken against you. OM/- Appropriate Authority/ Authorized Signatory omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 14
  15. 15. Charge sheet- misbehavior To ------- It is reported that on ____(date) at _____(time) you misbehaved with Mr./Ms._____ (name), ____ (designation) in the presence of ______ (as witnesses) Disobeying orders and misbehaving are serious misconduct as per rule____ of our Standing Orders which attract punishment including dismissal from service. Accordingly you are hereby called upon to explain in writing within 48 hours as to why appropriate action should not be taken against you. OM/- Appropriate Authority/ Authorized Signatory omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 15
  16. 16. Notice of enquiry To Date: -------- Sub: Enquiry u/r ___ of Standing Orders Ref: Charge sheet No.____ dated______ Your explanation dated____ Since the explanation given by you as cited above is found unsatisfactory, a domestic enquiry u/r ____ of the Standing Orders has been initiated to decide on the charges. The enquiry will commence at 9.30 am on ___ (date) at _____ (venue) You are hereby required to present in person with or without a helper to give any clarification to defend the charges against you. Mr./Ms. ____ will be the Enquiry Officer. OM/- Authorized Signatory omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 16
  17. 17. Enquiry Proceedings Enquiry proceedings in to the charge sheet No____ dated ___ issued to Mr.___ (Time, date and place of enquiry) Present 1. Charge sheeted employee 2. Defense helper 3. Management representative The charges leveled against the employee were read over and explained to the employee. (Examination of management witness- statement in support of charges) Name and details of witness Statement/ questions and answers Signature of witness Signature of charge sheeted employee with a declaration that the statement has been recorded in his presence Signature of Enquiry Officer (Cross Examination by Employee/ defense helper) -Same process as above- (Examination of witness against charges) -Same process as above- (Cross Examination by management representative) -Same process as above- * If any one does not want to cross examine, the same may be recorded as “ opportunity given for cross examination but declined to cross examine” with signatures omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 17
  18. 18. Shaw Cause Notice To Date --------- Sub: Shaw Cause Notice WHEREAS you were charge sheeted for an offence as stated. AND WHEREAS you were granted an opportunity to defend the charges by way of Domestic enquiry which commenced on ____ and ended on ___ (dates) AND WHEREAS you have failed to prove your innocence before the Enquiry Officer. NOW THEREFORE, the management is constrained to take disciplinary action against you. Without prejudice and following the Enquiry Officer’s report your act of omission/ commission has been proved to be a serious misconduct which attracts punishment which may extend to dismissal from service. THEREFORE, you are hereby called upon to show cause why disciplinary action including dismissal should not be taken against you/ why you should not be removed from service. A copy of the findings of the Enquiry Officer is enclosed herewith for your perusal. Your written reply should reach the undersigned within____ days. OM/- Authorized Signatory omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 18
  19. 19. Termination Order To Date -------- Sub: Order of Termination of Service Ref: Charge sheet No____ dated____ Pursuant to the charge sheet above referred and findings of enquiry report dated____, the management has come to the conclusion that the charges leveled against you have been proved categorically. As you have been found guilty of serious misconduct, the management has decided to dismiss you from service. However, on compassionate grounds, we have decided to take a lenient step by imposing a lesser punishment by discharging you from service with effect from/ with immediate effect. You are, therefore, directed to settle your dues including salary dues and handover the charges to Mr.________ during office hours on_________ OM/- Authorized Signatory omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 19
  20. 20. Thank You Orlando Moreno omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 omoreno@hotmail.com 408.656.2498 20