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Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
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Slavery: the Peculiar Institution

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  • Hi 'Ah-Livia' -- great name.

    Thanks for inquiring. The short answer is for the students to first understand a single viewpoint, then respond to the slides (online) with other sources, questions and analysis of the images and/or quotes. The idea is for this presentation to be one-half of the story, never the entire story.

    Here's the longer answer (which include HOW this is accomplished): http://www.freetech4teachers.com/2012/08/the-collaborative-lecture-hybrid.html

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  • Hi Spiro Bolos,

    I checked out this presentation as well as others from your body or work and was wondering what your student's objective is while viewing these presentations? Is the goal for them to retain and regurgitate information or have them exhibit dynamism for history class? Just wondering?
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Slavery: the Peculiar Institution Slavery: the Peculiar Institution Presentation Transcript

  • “A More Perfect Union” Senator Barack Obama’s speech in Philadelphia on March 18, 2008.
  • “The government gives them the drugs, builds bigger prisons, passes a three-strike law and then wants us to sing‘God BlessAmerica’. No, no, no, God damnAmerica, that’s in the Bible for killing innocent people….God damnAmerica for treating our citizens as less than human. God damnAmerica for as long as she acts like she is God and she is supreme.” — 2003 sermon
  • “The document they produced was eventually signed but ultimately unfinished. It was stained by this nation’s original sin of slavery, a question that divided the colonies and brought the convention to a stalemate until the founders chose to allow the slave trade to continue for at least twenty more years, and to leave any final resolution to future generations….
  • “The document they produced was stained by this nation’s original sin of slavery
  • Article 1. Section 2. Paragraph 3: “Representatives and directTaxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union,according to their respective Numbers,which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons…and…three fifths of all other Persons.”
  • AsWilliam Faulkner once wrote,‘The past isn’t dead and buried. In fact, it isn’t even past.’ We do not need to recite here the history of racial injustice in this country. But we do need to remind ourselves that so many of the disparities that exist in the African- American community today can be directly traced to inequalities passed on from an earlier generation that suffered under the brutal legacy of slavery and Jim Crow.”
  • The Peculiar Institution
  • Slavery
  • kingdoms
  • absolute monarchies
  • large landowners
  • small landowners
  • slaves
  • protected
  • property
  • hereditary
  • POWs
  • “Middle Passage”
  • Laid out spoon-fashion on the narrow decks of sailing ships, we were transported to this NewWorld so closely packed that the back of the head of one of us nestled between the legs of another.Sometimes 720 of us were jammed into a space 20 feet wide,120 feet long,and 5 feet high.Week after week we would lie there,tortured and gasping,as the ship heaved and tossed over the waves.In the summer,down in the suffocating depths of those ships,on an eight-or ten- week voyage,we would go crazed for lack of air and water and in the morning the crew of the ship would discover many of us dead,clutching in rigor mortis at the throats of our friends,wives,or children (14).
  • During the seventeenth century,to protect themselves against the overwhelming influx of us,some governments launched numerous men-of-war to track down and seize the slave ships.We captives did not know whether to feel dread or joy when a man- of-war was sighted,for the captain would command that a few of us be pitched alive into the sea as moral bait to compel the captain of the pursuing ship to desist from his duty.Every mile or so one of us would be bound fast to a cask or spar and tossed overboard with the hope that the sight of our forlorn struggle against the sea would stir such compassion in the heart of the captain of the man-of-war that he would abandon pursuit, thereby enabling the slave ships to escape (15).
  • At other times,when we were sick,we were thrown alive into the sea and the captain,pilgrim of progress,would studiously enter into the ship’s log two words that would balance all earthly accounts:“jettisoned cargo”. At still other times we went on hunger strikes;but the time allotted us to starve to death was often too short,and the ship would arrive in port before we had outwitted the slave traders.The more ambitious slavers possessed instruments with which to pry our teeth apart and feed us forcibly….
  • To quench all desire for mutiny in us,they would sometimes decapitate a few of us and impale our black heads upon the tips of the spars,just as years later they impaled our heads upon the tips of pine trees for miles along the dusty highways of Dixie to frighten us into obedience (15).
  • 10-15%
  • 1807 (GB), 1808 (US)
  • entrenchment
  • cotton‘gin
  • $350…$1500
  • $350…$1500
  • “average” slave
  • hierarchy
  • 1) house
  • 2) hotel/artisan
  • 3) field hand
  • ????
  • Theory #1 Computer-assisted model
  • <LIFE SPANS>
  • SouthernWhites
  • NorthernWhiteWC
  • EnslavedAfrican-Americans
  • SouthernWhites EnslavedAf-Ams Northern whiteWC
  • ????Computer-assisted model
  • Theory #2 Psychological model
  • Stanley Elkins Slavery : A Problem in American Institutional and Intellectual Life (1959)
  • ????Psychological model
  • 5/15 1860
  • segregation
  • discrimination
  • William Lloyd Garrison
  • “A covenant with death & an agreement with hell.”
  • JeremiahWright?
  • Frederick Douglass
  • “written by himself” Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
  • <10% (of Northerners)
  • riots
  • riots
  • Conclusion How to end the Peculiar Institution?