“A More Perfect Union” 
Senator Barack Obama’s speech in 
Philadelphia on March 18, 2008.
“The government gives them the drugs, builds 
bigger prisons, passes a three-strike law and then 
wants us to sing ‘God Bl...
“The document they produced was eventually 
signed but ultimately unfinished. It was stained 
by this nation’s original si...
“The document they produced was eventually 
signed but ultimately unfinished. It was stained 
by this nation’s original si...
Article 1. Section 2. Paragraph 3: 
“Representatives and direct Taxes shall be 
apportioned among the several States which...
As William Faulkner once wrote, ‘The past 
isn’t dead and buried. In fact, it isn’t even 
past.’ We do not need to recite ...
The 
Peculiar 
Institution
Slavery
kingdoms
absolute monarchies
large landowners
small landowners
slaves
protected
property
hereditary
POWs
400,000
4,000,000
“Middle Passage”
Laid out spoon-fashion on the narrow decks of sailing ships, 
we were transported to this New World so closely packed that...
During the seventeenth century, to protect themselves against the 
overwhelming influx of us, some governments launched nu...
At other times, when we were sick, we were thrown alive into 
the sea and the captain, pilgrim of progress, would 
studiou...
To quench all desire for mutiny in us, they would 
sometimes decapitate a few of us and impale our 
black heads upon the t...
10-15%
1807 (GB), 1808 (US)
entrenchment
cotton engine
cotton ‘gin
“2nd Middle Passage”
1,000,000 
!CD#%E%!"7#%
$350…$1500
$350…$1500
“average” slave
hierarchy
1) house
1) house 
2) hotel/artisan
1) house 
2) hotel/artisan 
3) field hand
????
Theory #1 
F(/G)*01E366,6*0@%/(@0-%
<LIFE SPANS>
Southern Whites
Southern Whites
Northern White WC
Enslaved African-Americans
Southern Whites? 
Northern white WC? 
Enslaved Af-Ams? 
!"##$
Southern Whites 
Northern white WC 
Enslaved Af-Ams
???? F(/G)*01E366,6*0@%/(@0-%
Theory #2 
H6I2J(-(K,23-%/(@0-%
%&'()*+$,)-.(/$ 
!"#$%&'()(*(+&,-"%.(/0(*.%&/1#0(2034564,0#"(#07(205%""%156#"(8/9%%<!D9DL%
???? H6I2J(-(K,23-%/(@0-%
5/15 
!"7#%
segregation
discrimination
0.)).'1$#)2+3$4'55./2($
“A covenant with death & 
an agreement with hell.”
Rev. Jeremiah Wright?
65*3*5.7-$829:)'//$
Narrative of the Life of 
Frederick Douglass 
;<5.=*($>+$?.1/*)@A$
<10% 
<(M%N(1*J01.016L%
riots
riots
Conclusion 
O(P%*(%0.@%*J0%H02)-,31%Q.6R*)R(.S%
“[A]lmost exclusively slave labor except as 
to the Boss men…enables me of course to 
compete with other manufacturers.” 
...
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
Slavery: the Peculiar Institution
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Slavery: the Peculiar Institution

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  • Hi 'Ah-Livia' -- great name.

    Thanks for inquiring. The short answer is for the students to first understand a single viewpoint, then respond to the slides (online) with other sources, questions and analysis of the images and/or quotes. The idea is for this presentation to be one-half of the story, never the entire story.

    Here's the longer answer (which include HOW this is accomplished): http://www.freetech4teachers.com/2012/08/the-collaborative-lecture-hybrid.html

    Thanks for reading!
       Reply 
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  • Hi Spiro Bolos,

    I checked out this presentation as well as others from your body or work and was wondering what your student's objective is while viewing these presentations? Is the goal for them to retain and regurgitate information or have them exhibit dynamism for history class? Just wondering?
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Slavery: the Peculiar Institution

  1. “A More Perfect Union” Senator Barack Obama’s speech in Philadelphia on March 18, 2008.
  2. “The government gives them the drugs, builds bigger prisons, passes a three-strike law and then wants us to sing ‘God Bless America’. No, no, no, God damn America, that’s in the Bible for killing innocent people….God damn America for treating our citizens as less than human. God damn America for as long as she acts like she is God and she is supreme.” — 2003 sermon
  3. “The document they produced was eventually signed but ultimately unfinished. It was stained by this nation’s original sin of slavery, a question that divided the colonies and brought the convention to a stalemate until the founders chose to allow the slave trade to continue for at least twenty more years, and to leave any final resolution to future generations….
  4. “The document they produced was eventually signed but ultimately unfinished. It was stained by this nation’s original sin of slavery, a question that divided the colonies and brought the convention to a stalemate until the founders chose to allow the slave trade to continue for at least twenty more years, and to leave any final resolution to future generations….
  5. Article 1. Section 2. Paragraph 3: “Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons … and…three fifths of all other Persons.”
  6. As William Faulkner once wrote, ‘The past isn’t dead and buried. In fact, it isn’t even past.’ We do not need to recite here the history of racial injustice in this country. But we do need to remind ourselves that so many of the disparities that exist in the African- American community today can be directly traced to inequalities passed on from an earlier generation that suffered under the brutal legacy of slavery and Jim Crow.”
  7. The Peculiar Institution
  8. Slavery
  9. kingdoms
  10. absolute monarchies
  11. large landowners
  12. small landowners
  13. slaves
  14. protected
  15. property
  16. hereditary
  17. POWs
  18. 400,000
  19. 4,000,000
  20. “Middle Passage”
  21. Laid out spoon-fashion on the narrow decks of sailing ships, we were transported to this New World so closely packed that the back of the head of one of us nestled between the legs of another. Sometimes 720 of us were jammed into a space 20 feet wide, 120 feet long, and 5 feet high. Week after week we would lie there, tortured and gasping, as the ship heaved and tossed over the waves. In the summer, down in the suffocating depths of those ships, on an eight-or ten-week voyage, we would go crazed for lack of air and water and in the morning the crew of the ship would discover many of us dead, clutching in rigor mortis at the throats of our friends, wives, or children (14).
  22. During the seventeenth century, to protect themselves against the overwhelming influx of us, some governments launched numerous men-of-war to track down and seize the slave ships. We captives did not know whether to feel dread or joy when a man-of-war was sighted, for the captain would command that a few of us be pitched alive into the sea as moral bait to compel the captain of the pursuing ship to desist from his duty. Every mile or so one of us would be bound fast to a cask or spar and tossed overboard with the hope that the sight of our forlorn struggle against the sea would stir such compassion in the heart of the captain of the man-of-war that he would abandon pursuit, thereby enabling the slave ships to escape (15).
  23. At other times, when we were sick, we were thrown alive into the sea and the captain, pilgrim of progress, would studiously enter into the ship’s log two words that would balance all earthly accounts: “jettisoned cargo”. At still other times we went on hunger strikes; but the time allotted us to starve to death was often too short, and the ship would arrive in port before we had outwitted the slave traders. The more ambitious slavers possessed instruments with which to pry our teeth apart and feed us forcibly….
  24. To quench all desire for mutiny in us, they would sometimes decapitate a few of us and impale our black heads upon the tips of the spars, just as years later they impaled our heads upon the tips of pine trees for miles along the dusty highways of Dixie to frighten us into obedience (15).
  25. 10-15%
  26. 1807 (GB), 1808 (US)
  27. entrenchment
  28. cotton engine
  29. cotton ‘gin
  30. “2nd Middle Passage”
  31. 1,000,000 !CD#%E%!"7#%
  32. $350…$1500
  33. $350…$1500
  34. “average” slave
  35. hierarchy
  36. 1) house
  37. 1) house 2) hotel/artisan
  38. 1) house 2) hotel/artisan 3) field hand
  39. ????
  40. Theory #1 F(/G)*01E366,6*0@%/(@0-%
  41. <LIFE SPANS>
  42. Southern Whites
  43. Southern Whites
  44. Northern White WC
  45. Enslaved African-Americans
  46. Southern Whites? Northern white WC? Enslaved Af-Ams? !"##$
  47. Southern Whites Northern white WC Enslaved Af-Ams
  48. ???? F(/G)*01E366,6*0@%/(@0-%
  49. Theory #2 H6I2J(-(K,23-%/(@0-%
  50. %&'()*+$,)-.(/$ !"#$%&'()(*(+&,-"%.(/0(*.%&/1#0(2034564,0#"(#07(205%""%156#"(8/9%%<!D9DL%
  51. ???? H6I2J(-(K,23-%/(@0-%
  52. 5/15 !"7#%
  53. segregation
  54. discrimination
  55. 0.)).'1$#)2+3$4'55./2($
  56. “A covenant with death & an agreement with hell.”
  57. Rev. Jeremiah Wright?
  58. 65*3*5.7-$829:)'//$
  59. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass ;<5.=*($>+$?.1/*)@A$
  60. <10% <(M%N(1*J01.016L%
  61. riots
  62. riots
  63. Conclusion O(P%*(%0.@%*J0%H02)-,31%Q.6R*)R(.S%
  64. “[A]lmost exclusively slave labor except as to the Boss men…enables me of course to compete with other manufacturers.” T(60GJ%UV%&.@016(.:%!"8C% W10@0K31%Q1(.%X(1B6%

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