The Orient Now TEFL course<br />Today we focus on:<br />1. introduction: Get to know each other.<br />2. Class times<br />3. Class requirements and expectations<br />4. Favourite teacher<br />5. Learning styles<br />6. Classroom settings<br />
TEFL Times<br />
TEFL Requirements<br />1. You are all required to come in for 3 hours class observation every weekend. <br />2. All prescribed assignments must be done. Your TEFL trainer will tell you what assignments are due.<br />3. Attendance is compulsory. If you cant make class please tell your TEFL instructor beforehand.<br />4. All assignments are to be emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org In the heading please put your name and the assignment: EG “John Smith, My favourite teacher assignment”<br />5. Please check your email address as your TEFL coordinator will be in constant touch with you.<br />6. All assignments will be marked and graded within 48 hours <br />
TEFL Expectations<br />1. Dress code: casual/smart dress, closed shoes etc<br />2. Phones off while observing class<br />3. When observing class please take notes!<br />4. Get to know the students<br />
Welcome to TEFL<br />Discussion 1<br />Who was your favourite teacher? Why<br />Who was your worst teacher? Why?<br />
Welcome to TEFL<br />Discussion 2<br />What attributes make for good teacher? <br />When you start teaching, what kind of teacher do you want to be? Authoritarian? Kind? Easy going?<br />
Learning Styles<br />This chapter is going to talk about learning and teaching styles<br />
An Introduction to Learning Styles<br />Before you mark our tests, Mrs Brown, you might just like to consider that I’m an auditory - activist - innovator …<br />
What are learning styles?<br />Ellis (1985) defines learning style (or cognitive style) as the more or less consistent way in which a person perceives, conceptualizes, organizes and recalls information.<br /> … in other words the way you learn.<br />Ellis R, Understanding Second Language Acquisition, Oxford 1985 (Chap.5)<br />
What are learning styles?<br />Premise: different people will have <br />different learning styles. Eg:<br /><ul><li>Mary – gets bored with </li></ul> abstractions. Likes to discuss <br /> concrete problems and share <br /> ideas with other people.<br /><ul><li>John – likes to read up on theoretical background and find the “right answer”</li></li></ul><li>What are learning styles?<br />Some of the most popular models:<br /><ul><li>VAK (Bandler and Grindler, NLP)
Kolb /Honey and Mumford
Left or right brain dominated
Field dependent / field independent
Multiple Intelligences (Gardner)</li></li></ul><li>Visual – Auditory – Kinaesthetic<br /><ul><li>Visual learners – like looking at things : pictures, the teacher, notes and texts etc
Auditory learners – like listening : to lectures, to other people’s ideas, to dialogues, to rhythm and music etc
Kinaesthetic/Tactile learners – like moving around, “hands-on” learning, manipulating objects etc</li></li></ul><li>Honey and Mumford (based on Kolb)<br />Kolb’s learning sequence<br />Concrete <br />Experience<br />Active Reflective<br />ExperimentationObservation <br />Abstract<br />Conceptualization <br />
Honey and Mumford (based on Kolb)<br />Activists<br /><ul><li>learn by doing
need concrete experiences.
open-minded approach to learning, willing to try things out without bias.</li></li></ul><li>Honey and Mumford (based on Kolb)<br />Reflectors<br /><ul><li>learn by observing and thinking about what happened.
may avoid leaping in and prefer to watch from the sidelines.
prefer to stand back and view experiences from a number of different perspectives, collecting data and taking the time to work towards an appropriate conclusion </li></li></ul><li>Honey and Mumford (based on Kolb)<br />Theorists <br /><ul><li>want to understand the theory behind the actions.
need models, concepts and facts in order to engage in the learning process.
prefer to analyse and synthesise, drawing new information into a systematic and logical 'theory' </li></li></ul><li>Honey and Mumford (based on Kolb)<br />Pragmatists<br /><ul><li>abstract concepts and games are of limited use unless they can see a way to put the ideas into action in their lives.
experimenters, trying out new ideas, theories and techniques to see if they work </li></li></ul><li>So what ?<br />Premise 1: <br />You’ll learn best if the learning activities you <br />engage in suit your learning style<br />Premise 2 : <br />If you only use one or two learning styles <br />you may be missing out . The best learners <br />may be those who use a variety of styles.<br />
So what ?<br />Premise 3<br />In your teaching you’ll tend to use <br />activity types which you’ve found <br />useful in your own learning – ie those <br />which reflect your own learning style.<br />But these may not match your <br />students’ learning styles<br />
So what?<br />Premise 4<br />In each lesson we need to provide <br />activities which cater for a variety of <br />learning styles.<br />
Learning styles discussion<br />When you were at school (any age), what learning style did you prefer? <br />Give some examples of how you learnt with that style.<br />Would you use that style of learning when you teach?<br />
Classroom settings<br />Basic rundown:<br />1. Depends on number of students.<br />2. What activities you want your students to be doing.<br />3. What is being taught.<br />4. The physical size of the classroom/school<br />5. What is in the classroom etc<br />
Semi circle form<br /><ul><li>Most common form.
Good for small classes
Easy for students to communicate
All students can see the teacher</li></li></ul><li>Circle form<br /><ul><li>Used for activities.
Good for conversation activities
Easy for students to communicate
Teacher is decentralised, lack of formality
But, difficulty seeing the board/teacher</li></li></ul><li>Row form<br /><ul><li>For large classes, confined spaces
Good for testing
Teachers cant interact with students.
Students at the back cant get involved
Lack of communication in class</li></li></ul><li>Clusters/groups<br /><ul><li>Good for creative activities.
Students can communicate well.
Some students will struggle with seeing the teacher</li></li></ul><li>Homework assignment<br />Tonight:<br />1. Write a paragraph on what classroom format you think would be most useful. Why?<br />2. Write down the learning style that most suited you. Are there any that you think you definantly wouldnt use?<br />