The Orient Now TEFL course Today we focus on: 1. introduction: Get to know each other. 2. Class times 3. Class requirements and expectations 4. Favourite teacher 5. Learning styles 6. Classroom settings
TEFL Requirements 1. You are all required to come in for 3 hours class observation every weekend. 2. All prescribed assignments must be done. Your TEFL trainer will tell you what assignments are due. 3. Attendance is compulsory. If you cant make class please tell your TEFL instructor beforehand. 4. All assignments are to be emailed to email@example.com In the heading please put your name and the assignment: EG “John Smith, My favourite teacher assignment” 5. Please check your email address as your TEFL coordinator will be in constant touch with you. 6. All assignments will be marked and graded within 48 hours
TEFL Expectations 1. Dress code: casual/smart dress, closed shoes etc 2. Phones off while observing class 3. When observing class please take notes! 4. Get to know the students
Welcome to TEFL Discussion 1 Who was your favourite teacher? Why Who was your worst teacher? Why?
Welcome to TEFL Discussion 2 What attributes make for good teacher? When you start teaching, what kind of teacher do you want to be? Authoritarian? Kind? Easy going?
Learning Styles This chapter is going to talk about learning and teaching styles
An Introduction to Learning Styles Before you mark our tests, Mrs Brown, you might just like to consider that I’m an auditory - activist - innovator …
What are learning styles? Ellis (1985) defines learning style (or cognitive style) as the more or less consistent way in which a person perceives, conceptualizes, organizes and recalls information. … in other words the way you learn. Ellis R, Understanding Second Language Acquisition, Oxford 1985 (Chap.5)
What are learning styles? Premise: different people will have different learning styles. Eg:
Mary – gets bored with
abstractions. Likes to discuss concrete problems and share ideas with other people.
John – likes to read up on theoretical background and find the “right answer”
What are learning styles? Some of the most popular models:
VAK (Bandler and Grindler, NLP)
Kolb /Honey and Mumford
Left or right brain dominated
Field dependent / field independent
Multiple Intelligences (Gardner)
Visual – Auditory – Kinaesthetic
Visual learners – like looking at things : pictures, the teacher, notes and texts etc
Auditory learners – like listening : to lectures, to other people’s ideas, to dialogues, to rhythm and music etc
Honey and Mumford (based on Kolb) Kolb’s learning sequence Concrete Experience Active Reflective ExperimentationObservation Abstract Conceptualization
Honey and Mumford (based on Kolb) Activists
learn by doing
need concrete experiences.
open-minded approach to learning, willing to try things out without bias.
Honey and Mumford (based on Kolb) Reflectors
learn by observing and thinking about what happened.
may avoid leaping in and prefer to watch from the sidelines.
prefer to stand back and view experiences from a number of different perspectives, collecting data and taking the time to work towards an appropriate conclusion
Honey and Mumford (based on Kolb) Theorists
want to understand the theory behind the actions.
need models, concepts and facts in order to engage in the learning process.
prefer to analyse and synthesise, drawing new information into a systematic and logical 'theory'
Honey and Mumford (based on Kolb) Pragmatists
abstract concepts and games are of limited use unless they can see a way to put the ideas into action in their lives.
experimenters, trying out new ideas, theories and techniques to see if they work
So what ? Premise 1: You’ll learn best if the learning activities you engage in suit your learning style Premise 2 : If you only use one or two learning styles you may be missing out . The best learners may be those who use a variety of styles.
So what ? Premise 3 In your teaching you’ll tend to use activity types which you’ve found useful in your own learning – ie those which reflect your own learning style. But these may not match your students’ learning styles
So what? Premise 4 In each lesson we need to provide activities which cater for a variety of learning styles.
Learning styles discussion When you were at school (any age), what learning style did you prefer? Give some examples of how you learnt with that style. Would you use that style of learning when you teach?
Classroom settings The physical environment
Classroom settings Basic rundown: 1. Depends on number of students. 2. What activities you want your students to be doing. 3. What is being taught. 4. The physical size of the classroom/school 5. What is in the classroom etc
Semi circle form
Most common form.
Good for small classes
Easy for students to communicate
All students can see the teacher
Used for activities.
Good for conversation activities
Easy for students to communicate
Teacher is decentralised, lack of formality
But, difficulty seeing the board/teacher
For large classes, confined spaces
Good for testing
Teachers cant interact with students.
Students at the back cant get involved
Lack of communication in class
Good for creative activities.
Students can communicate well.
Some students will struggle with seeing the teacher
Homework assignment Tonight: 1. Write a paragraph on what classroom format you think would be most useful. Why? 2. Write down the learning style that most suited you. Are there any that you think you definantly wouldnt use?