The Cocoa Tree
Part of human culture for over 2000
Only grows near the equator: 20
degrees above and 20 degrees below
Cocoa was originally pronounced
Cacoa(kah-kow) but was changed due
to the misspelling of the word, and is
Wild Cocoa grows
in the tropical
regions of Africa,
partially shown to
THE ORIGINS OF WILD COCOA
Chocolate is derived from Cocoa Beans.
It was Cacao originally, but became
Cocoa as a result of misspelling.
The word 'Chocolate' comes from the
Aztec word, 'cacahuatl' or ‘xocolatl’. This
means 'bitter water‘.
Henri Nestle of Switzerland was the first
to create Milk Chocolate by adding
condensed milk to the mixture when
making chocolate bars.
Chocolate is a great economy booster.
Annual world consumption of cocoa
beans averages approximately 600,000
tons per year. Consumers worldwide
Even though Chocolate is high in fat, it
does not appear to raise blood
Chocolate is one of the most popular
foods around and is highly unlikely to
ever go out of fashion.
The precious Cocoa Beans were used
as a currency and as a unit of
calculation in the Mayan and Aztec
Chocolate has become one of the most
popular flavors in the world. Gifts of
chocolate molded into different shapes
have become traditional on certain
holidays: chocolate bunnies and eggs are
popular on Easter, chocolate coins on
Hanukkah, Santa Claus and other
holiday symbols on Christmas, and
hearts on Valentine’s Day. Chocolate is
also used in cold and hot beverages, to
produce chocolate milk and hot
Contains alkaloids such as
theobromine and phenethylamine,
which have physiological effects on the
Can lower blood pressure
Theobromine helps boost low blood-
sugar levels and another chemical,
Chromium, helps to control blood
Theobromine is the
toxin that chocolate
releases when eaten,
but is only toxic to
animals such as the
horse, parrot, small
rodent, cats, and
dogs because they
are unable to
If fed chocolate it
will remain in their
bloodstream for up
to 20 hours, and
these animals may
THEOBROMINE seizures, heart
Milton S. Hershey
1900: Milton Hershey introduces the Milk Chocolate Bar.
1903 Milton Hershey builds a chocolate factory
1906 The town of Derry Church, Pennsylvania changes its name to Hershey to
honor Milton S. Hershey.
1907 On July 1, 1907 the first Hershey Kisses are made.
1908 Theodore Tobler develops the unique triangular nougat filled chocolate
candy bar called Toblerone.
1908 first milk chocolate bar with almonds.
1909 The Hershey Chocolate Company states making Silvertops, a version of the
Hershey's Kisses that are sold individually.
1911 Frank and Ethel Mars build a candy company in Tacoma, Washington. Later
it become the Mars, Inc.
1912 The Whitman Company produces the boxed assortments called Whitman's
Samplers. This is the first company to have a drawing of where the different
chocolates are located in the box.
1914 L. S. Heath & Sons, Inc. makes the first Heath Bar in Robinson, Illinois.
1919 The Fry family merges with the Cadbury Brothers.
1921 The Hershey Food Corporation begins to wrap the Kisses by machine and add
the flag to the wrapping.
Milton S. Hershey
1922 H. B. Reese makes the first Reese's peanut butter cup using Hershey's milk
1923 Frank Mars creates the first Milky Way candy bar. This candy has a nougat center.
1923 Hershey Foods Corporation registers the name Hershey's Kisses as a trademark.
1925 The Hershey Chocolate Company makes the first Mr. Goodbar.
1927 The Hershey Chocolate Company is renamed Hershey Chocolate Corporation.
1928 L. S. Heath & Sons, Inc. develops the toffee candy bar called the Heath Bar. This
candy bar can be bought on the home-delivered dairy order form.
1929 Peter, Cailler, and Kohler merge with Nestlé ending 30 years of rivalry between
the two companies.
1930 Frank Mars makes the first Snickers candy bar.
1938 The Hershey Chocolate Corporation makes the Krackel bar.
1939 Blommer Chocolate Company begins manufacturing in Chicago, Illinois. It will
become the largest commercial chocolate manufacturer in the United States.
1941 Forrest Mars returns to the United States from England. He goes into business
with Bruce Murrie, who is the one of the president of the Hershey Chocolate Company.
They call their new company M & M Ltd. Together they make the first M & M's.
1947 Peter Paul makes the first Almond Joy.
Milton S. Hershey
1950 Sam Altshuler starts the Annabelle Candy Company, Inc. He names his
company for his daughter and makes the first Rocky Road candy bar.
1962 Hershey's Kisses are wrapped in colors other than silver for the first time.
1963 Hershey Chocolate Company buy H. B. Reese Candy Company, Inc. for $23.5
1966 The Campbell Soup Company buys the Godiva Chocolatier, Inc. of Belgium.
1969 The Cadbury chocolate business merges with the Schweppes soft drinks to
form Cadbury Schweppes.
1970 The Tobler company merges with the Suchard to become the largest
1970 Because the Reese's Peanut Butter Cups are so popular the company has to
double its size.
1973 The Cadbury Company opens Chocolate World theme park in Bournville,
1973 The Hershey Foods Corporation opens its theme park, Hershey's Chocolate
1973 Hershey Foods begins putting nutritional information on their labels.
1976 Hershey Chocolate Company adds chopped peanuts to the Reese's Peanut
Butter Cups to make Reese's Crunchy.
1977 Hershey Foods makes the first Golden Almond chocolate bar.
Milton S. Hershey
1980 An employee of the Schare-Tobler tries to sell secret
chocolate recipes to Saudi Arabia, China, and Russia. Luckily
he was unsuccessful.
1988 Nestlé buys the British chocolate and candy
manufactures Rowntree. This makes Nestlé the world's
largest chocolate manufacturer.
1988 Hershey Chocolate Company is renamed Hershey
Chocolate U.S.A. The company buys Peter Paul.
1989 Hershey Chocolate U.S.A. makes the Symphony milk
chocolate bar with almonds and toffee chips.
1990 Hershey sends 144,000 of their heat-resistant candy
bars to soldiers in the Gulf War, Desert Storm.
1991 The recipe for Reese's Peanut Butter Cup is changed to
add three times the amount of peanuts.
1993 The first Hershey's Hugs and mini Hershey's Kisses
wrapped in white chocolate are sold.
Modern day Chocolate
Chocolate is very famous throughout
the world today, and is very unlikely to
go out of fashion any time soon.
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