gearup.ous.eduUndocumentedStudents in OregonInformation for educators, parents and students
Who are undocumented students?• An undocumented student does not have legal citizenship status in the U.S.• Most college-bound undocumented students: – Have lived in the U.S. most of their lives – Were brought to the U.S. at a young age by their families – Learned English and think of themselves as Americans – Attended elementary, middle and high school in the U.S. – Lack a way to become legal residents or citizens under current law• Undocumented students are from the Americas, Asia, Europe and Africa; not all are Latino/a
How many people are undocumented? 11,200,000 undocumented immigrants in the U.S. 1.1 million are children under 65,000 the age of 18 undocumented students graduate from high school each year7,000-13,000undocumented students are enrolled in college
Basic Facts• There is no federal law that bans undocumented students attending college in the U.S.• However, state and university policies vary. It is easier to apply, be accepted, and have support services available in certain states and at specific colleges.• Many state institutions, including those in Oregon, charge undocumented students out-of- state tuition fees (even if the student is a longtime resident of the state). Students may even have to apply as an international student and receive an F-1 visa.
Basic Facts• Undocumented students are not able to: – Receive federal financial aid – Participate in federal support programs such as TRiO – Study abroad – Take professional state licensing exams (e.g. nursing)
The Good• In-state tuition available for undocumented students – California, Connecticut, Illinois, Kansas, Maryland, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah and Washington• State financial aid at community colleges and public universities for undocumented students – California Dream Act for residents who have completed at least three years of high school in CA
The Bad• Banned in-state tuition for undocumented students – Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Indiana• Banned undocumented students from attending public universities – Alabama, South Carolina
The Future?• DREAM Act (Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors) – Proposed federal legislation that would allow eligible undocumented youth a 6 year long conditional path to citizenship that requires completion of a college degree or two years of military service. – Has been debated over the past 10 years in various forms but has never successfully passed both houses of Congress.
With preparation and support,it’s possible for undocumentedstudents to attend college.But, states, institutionsand even specific majorsor career paths offerdifferent opportunities forundocumented students.The situation can varywith each person.
Preparing for College Students should… • Continue to work hard and get good grades – Scholarships and opportunities will be more available • Take advantage of AP classes or dual enrollment – Earn college credit in high school to save money on future college tuition
Applying for CollegeStudents should…• Ask for help. Seek out a trusted teacher or high school counselor.• Start early. Have multiple back-up plans.• Use a paper application if online applications require social security numbers.
Applying for CollegeStudents should…• Consider majors and future potential careers – Starting your own business post-college is one way to legally work in the U.S. – Many professions require a background check as part of hiring or for state licensing exams • Accountants • Medical field: RN, CAN, medical assistant • Public safety: Police, firefighters, EMT’s, etc. • Cosmetology: Beauticians, hair stylists, etc.
Cost of College* - Oregon• Community Colleges $15,000/year – Placement tests may require a state- issued ID – Tuition is equal for all students• Public universities $20,000/year – Out-of-state tuition v. $7,600/year in- state tuition• Private colleges $42,000/year – Tuition is equal for all students *includes tuition, fees and living expenses
Paying for College• In Oregon, undocumented students are not eligible for state aid or in-state tuition. – Senate Bill 742 would have allowed undocumented students who are residents of Oregon to pay in-state tuition at public universities. It passed the Senate in March 2011 but died in the House of Representatives without getting a vote.
Paying for College • The cost of college is often the biggest barrier for undocumented students. • If parents are undocumented, but the student is a citizen, they are eligible for financial aid. – Parents complete taxes using their Individual Tax Identification Number (ITIN) – Parents enter all zeros (000-00-0000) for their social security numbers on the FAFSA
Paying for College• Undocumented students are eligible for many private and local scholarships. The following offer lists or search engines for scholarships that do not require social security numbers. – Fastweb.com – MALDEF – Hispanic Scholarship Fund – Educators for Fair Consideration – Oregon GEAR UP – Scholarships A-Z
Paying for College• Oregon Matched College Savings Program – 5:1 match – Can save up to $1,600 over 3 years which is matched by $8,000 for a total of $9,600 for college! – Available to use at select private/independent Oregon universities. – www.mycollegesavings.org – Other Individual Development Accounts might be available. Visit www.cfed.org
Succeeding in CollegeStudents should…• Take advantage of campus resources and support services including tutoring, academic advisors, and student groups• Make connections and network!• Know that all student information including grades and citizenship status are confidential under federal law (FERPA)
Another Option• Mexican government offers online college degrees for citizens living abroad – http://abiertayadistancia.sep.gob.mx/
Additional Resources• Educators for Fair Consideration (E4FC) – Guides for students, parents and educators – Posters and advocacy material – Documentary film• Scholarships A-Z – Resource guide for students, parents and educators with yearly checklist• United We Dream – Resources for teachers, lawyers and activists – Scholarship listings• DreamActivist.org – Social media hub led by youth supporting passage of DREAM Act
Sources• CollegeBoard• DreamActivist.org• Educational Resource Guide for Students Regardless of Immigration Status, Scholarships A-Z, 2009• Young Lives on Hold: The College Dreams of Undocumented Students, CollegeBoard Advocacy, April 2009• Educators for Fair Consideration Fact Sheet, October 2011• Session: College Access for Undocumented Students, GEAR UP West, Portland, OR, October 17, 2011• Workshop: Working with Undocumented Students, George Fox University, October 28, 2011 COLLEGE It’s not a dream, it’s a plan. gearup.ous.edu