CHAPTER                       11ThermodynamicProperty Relations
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-1The derivative of a...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-3Geometricrepresenta...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-4Geometric represent...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-5Geometricrepresenta...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-6Demonstration ofthe...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-8Maxwell relations a...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-9The slope of thesat...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-10The volumeexpansiv...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-13The development of...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-14Constant-enthalpyl...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-16An alternativeproc...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-17An alternativeproc...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Cengel ch11

403 views
364 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
403
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
60
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cengel ch11

  1. 1. CHAPTER 11ThermodynamicProperty Relations
  2. 2. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-1The derivative of afunction at aspecified pointrepresents the slopeof the function atthat point.11-1
  3. 3. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-3Geometricrepresentation ofpartial derivative(∂ Ζ /∂ χ )y.11-2
  4. 4. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-4Geometric representation oftotal derivative dz for afunction z (x, y).11-3
  5. 5. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-5Geometricrepresentation of thedisturbance discussed inExample 11–2.11-4
  6. 6. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-6Demonstration ofthe reciprocityrelation for thefunction z + 2xy -3y2z = 0.11-5
  7. 7. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-8Maxwell relations areextremely valuable inthermodynamic analysis.11-6
  8. 8. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-9The slope of thesaturation curve ona P-T diagram isconstant at aconstant T or P.11-7
  9. 9. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-10The volumeexpansivity (also calledthe coefficient ofvolumetric expansion)is a measure of thechange in volume withtemperature atconstant pressure.11-8
  10. 10. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-13The development of anh = constant line on aP-T diagram.11-9
  11. 11. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-14Constant-enthalpylines of a substanceon a T-P diagram.11-10
  12. 12. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-16An alternativeprocess path toevaluate theenthalpy changes ofreal gases.11-11
  13. 13. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 11-17An alternativeprocess path toevaluate the entropychanges of realgases during process1-2.11-12

×