CHAPTER                        9Vapor and CombinedPower Cycles
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-1T-s diagram of twoCa...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-2The simple idealRank...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-4(a) Deviation of act...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-6The effect of loweri...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-7The effect ofsuperhe...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-8The effect of increa...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-9A supercriticalRanki...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-10T-s diagrams of the...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-11The ideal reheat Ra...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-14The first part of t...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-15The idealregenerati...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-16The idealregenerati...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-17A steam power plant...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-20A simple process-he...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-21An idealcogeneratio...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-22A cogeneration plan...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-24Combined gas–steamp...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-26Mercury–water binar...
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Cengel ch09

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Cengel ch09

  1. 1. CHAPTER 9Vapor and CombinedPower Cycles
  2. 2. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-1T-s diagram of twoCarnot vapor cycles.9-1
  3. 3. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-2The simple idealRankine cycle.9-2
  4. 4. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-4(a) Deviation of actual vapor power cyclefrom the ideal Rankine cycle. (b) The effectof pump and turbine irreversibilities on theideal Rankine cycle.9-3
  5. 5. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-6The effect of loweringthe condenser pressureon the ideal Rankinecycle.9-4
  6. 6. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-7The effect ofsuperheating thesteam to highertemperatures onthe ideal Rankinecycle.9-5
  7. 7. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-8The effect of increasingthe boiler pressure onthe ideal Rankine cycle.9-6
  8. 8. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-9A supercriticalRankine cycle.9-7
  9. 9. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-10T-s diagrams of thethree cyclesdiscussed inExample 9–3.9-8
  10. 10. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-11The ideal reheat Rankinecycle.9-9
  11. 11. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-14The first part of theheat-addition processin the boiler takesplace at relatively lowtemperatures.9-10
  12. 12. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-15The idealregenerativeRankine cycle withan open feedwaterheater.9-11
  13. 13. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-16The idealregenerativeRankine cycle witha closed feedwaterheater.9-12
  14. 14. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-17A steam power plantwith one open andthree closedfeedwater heaters.9-13
  15. 15. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-20A simple process-heatingplant.9-14
  16. 16. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-21An idealcogeneration plant.9-15
  17. 17. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-22A cogeneration plant withadjustable loads.9-16
  18. 18. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-24Combined gas–steampower plant.9-17
  19. 19. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 9-26Mercury–water binary vaporcycle.9-18

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