CHAPTER                        2Properties of PureSubstances
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-11T-v diagram for the...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-16T-v diagram ofconst...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-18T-v diagram of apur...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-19P-v diagram ofa pur...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-21P-v diagram of asub...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-22P-v diagramof a sub...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-25P-T diagram ofpures...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-26P-v-T surface of as...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-27P-v-T surface of as...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-30A partial list ofTa...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-40A partial listing o...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-49Percentage of error...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-51Comparison of Zfact...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-60Percentage oferror ...
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-68Ideal-gas constant-...
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Cengel ch02

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Cengel ch02

  1. 1. CHAPTER 2Properties of PureSubstances
  2. 2. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-11T-v diagram for theheating process ofwater at constantpressure.2-1
  3. 3. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-16T-v diagram ofconstant-pressurephase-changeprocesses of a puresubstance atvarious pressures(numerical valuesare for water).2-2
  4. 4. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-18T-v diagram of apure substance.2-3
  5. 5. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-19P-v diagram ofa puresubstance.2-4
  6. 6. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-21P-v diagram of asubstance thatcontracts onfreezing.2-5
  7. 7. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-22P-v diagramof a substancethat expandson freezing(such aswater).2-6
  8. 8. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-25P-T diagram ofpuresubstances.2-7
  9. 9. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-26P-v-T surface of asubstance that contractson freezing.2-8
  10. 10. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-27P-v-T surface of asubstance that expandson freezing (like water).2-9
  11. 11. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-30A partial list ofTable A–4.2-10
  12. 12. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-40A partial listing ofTable A–6.2-11
  13. 13. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-49Percentage of errorinvolved in assumingsteam to be an ideal gas,and the region wheresteam can betreated as an ideal gaswith less than 1 percenterror.2-12
  14. 14. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-51Comparison of Zfactors forvarious gases.2-13
  15. 15. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-60Percentage oferror involved invarious equationsof state fornitrogen.2-14
  16. 16. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 2-68Ideal-gas constant-pressurespecific heats forsome gases(see Table A–2c forCp equations).2-15

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