Cengel ch01

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Cengel ch01

  1. 1. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. PowerPoint Presentation for Instructor’s Online Learning Center Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach Fourth Edition Yunus A. Çengel Michael A. Boles
  2. 2. CHAPTER 1Basic Conceptsof Thermodynamics
  3. 3. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–5Some application areas of thermodynamics .1-1
  4. 4. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–7The definition of the force units.1-2
  5. 5. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–13System, surroundings,and boundary.1-3
  6. 6. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–14Mass cannot cross theboundaries of a closedsystem, but energy can.1-4
  7. 7. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–17A control volume may involve fixed,moving, real, and imaginary boundaries.1-5
  8. 8. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–25A processbetween states 1and 2 and theprocess path.1-6
  9. 9. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–28The P-V diagram of acompression process.1-7
  10. 10. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–32The various forms ofmicroscopic energiesthat make up sensibleenergy.1-8
  11. 11. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–39Ground-level ozone,which is the primarycomponent of smog,forms when HC and NOxreact in the presence ofsunlight in hot calmdays.1-9
  12. 12. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–40Sulfuric acid and nitricacid are formed whensulfur oxides and nitricoxides react with watervapor and otherchemicals high in theatmosphere in thepresence of sunlight.1-10
  13. 13. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–41The greenhouse effect onearth.1-11
  14. 14. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–45P versus T plots of theexperimental dataobtained from a constant-volume gas thermometerusing four different gasesat different (but low)pressures.1-12
  15. 15. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–47Comparison oftemperature scales.1-13
  16. 16. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–51Absolute, gage, and vacuumpressures.1-14
  17. 17. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–55The pressure is the same at allpoints on a horizontal plane in agiven fluid regardless of geometry,provided that the points areinterconnected by the same fluid.1-15
  18. 18. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–57The basic manometer.1-16
  19. 19. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–61Schematic for Example 1–8.1-17
  20. 20. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–63The basic barometer.1-18
  21. 21. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.FIGURE 1–75Some arrangements thatsupply a room the sameamount of energy as a 300-Welectric resistance heater.1-19

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