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Els problemes ambientals de Romania

Els problemes ambientals de Romania

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    problemes de Romania problemes de Romania Presentation Transcript

    • Romania NATIONAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY 2 013-2020-2030 GOVERNMENT OF ROMANIA Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM National Centre for Sustainable Development LONGLIFE LEARNING PROGRAMME “Let’s do something for our planet”
    • Conservation and management of natural re s ources
      • Overall Objective of the EU SDS: To improve management and avoid overexploitation of natural resources, recognising the value of ecosystem services.
    • Horizon 2013 National Objective
      • To narrow the current disparities in relation to other EU Member States in terms of coverage and quality of environmental infrastructure by providing efficient public services in this domain, following the concept of sustainable development and respecting the «polluter pays» principle.
    • S pecific objectives:
      • (a) To improve the quality of, and access to infrastructure for water supply and wastewater treatment by providing safe potable water and sewerage services to the majority of urban areas by 2015 and establishing efficient regional structures for water and wastewater management.
      • Romania obtained, under the terms of the Accession Treaty, transition periods for compliance with the acquis regarding municipal wastewater collection, discharge and treatment until 2015 for 263 municipalities having more than 10,000 inhabitants and until 2018 for 2,346 smaller townships having between 2,000 and 10,000 inhabitants; 2015 is the target year for complying with drinking water quality standards.
    • (b) To develop integrated waste management systems by improving waste processing and reducing the number of historically polluted areas in at least 30 counties by 2015.
      • Romania was granted transition periods to achieve conformity with the EU directives for municipal waste sites by 2017; temporary storage of dangerous waste by 2009; storage of non-hazardous industrial waste by 2013.
      • By 2013, the amounts of biodegradable waste that is being deposited annually in landfills will be reduced to 2.4 million tonnes (50% of the 1995 level) and measures will be implemented to reduce considerably the dumping of packaging waste.
      • By 2013, it is anticipated to achieve a degree of recovery of useful material from packaging waste through recycling or incineration for energy generation of 60% for paper and cardboard, 22.5% for plastics, 60% for glass, 50% for metals and 15% for wood. Special measures are envisaged, with completion deadlines between the end of 2008 and 2013, for the recovery of discarded electrical and electronic appliances and for the closure of underperforming medical waste incineration plants.
    • (c) To reduce the negative environmental impact of urban heating systems and to minimise their effect on climate change in the most polluted townships by 2015.
      • The programmed actions target the rational utilization of non-renewable energy resources and, wherever possible, the use of renewable or less polluting resources for urban heating systems. It is proposed to correlate such measures with the water management programme since the precarious state of the urban heating networks causes significant losses to the water distribution system.
    • (d) To preserve biodiversity and the natural heritage by supporting the management of protected areas, including the implementation of the Natura 2000 Network.
      • The concrete targets proposed for 2015 include the augmentation of the number of protected areas and Natura 2000 sites that operate according to approved management plans from 3 in 2006 to 240 in 2015 and the expansion of such units to 60% of all protected areas.
      • The proposed measures for the conservation, rehabilitation and development of forests in accordance with the EU Forest Action Plan are presented in the section on “Rural development, agriculture, forestry and fisheries”
    • (e) To reduce the risks of natural disasters affecting the population through the implementation of preventive measures in the most vulnerable areas.
      • An adequate level of protection against flooding .
      • For the Black Sea littoral rehabilitation will proceed for 10 kilometres of coastline resulting in a 30% expansion of the beach areas.
    • Horizon 2020. National Objective:
      • To attain the present average EU level for the main indicators describing the responsible management of natural resources.
      • To the extent that the financing requirements for water and wastewater management the provision of safe drinking water and access to sewerage and wastewater treatment systems will be ensured for 100% of the townships having more than 2,000 inhabitants by 2018.
    • Integrated waste management
      • will move gradually from the current practice of non-selective dumping in landfills to selective collection and increased usage of recoverable waste that can be recycled, including the transformation of organic waste into compost and the exclusive utilization of ecological waste disposal in urban areas. Systems for integrated waste management will be installed in rural areas.
    • Air quality
      • the rehabilitation of district heating will continue in order to comply with the limits prescribed by EU directives for the emissions of SO2, NOx and particulates.
    • The improvement of biodiversity and natural capital heritage
      • The actions initiated earlier will continue through an improved management of protected areas including enlargement of the Natura 2000 network
    • The flood-prevention
      • it is envisaged to conclude the preparation of action plans for flood-prevention and response in case of natural disasters, including plans for the rehabilitation of most of the Romanian portion of the Black Sea coastline .
    • Horizon 2030. National Objective:
      • To come significantly close to the environmental management performance of the other EU Member States at that time.
      • water and wastewater management
      • waste management, improved air quality, conservation of biodiversity and of the natural capital, along with prevention of natural disasters
    • CARACAL
      • Caracal is the only town in the Olt
      • county which achieved projects declared eligible and were financed from European funds and well as from guvernment funds.
      • Definitely, many projects are finalized and others are being developed, to the sum of more than two million Euro, European nonreimbursable funds.
    • The Project ” Organizing of the selective system of gathering of the garbage”
      • to the total sum of 613000 Euro, without value added tax having as a main purpose selective gathering of the recycling garbage and to protect the environment;
      • The Project ” Rehabilitation and Modernization of the cleaning water station from Caracal, to the sum of 808000 Euro, aiming to develop the investment in the field of used water management;
      • The Project ” Historical and Cultural Patrimony- the base of touristic development of the towns Montana - Bulgary and Caracal”, to the sum of 37.195 Euro, with a view to create the environmental conditions to increase all the economical agents related in the areas Montana- Bulgary and Caracal- Romania;
      • - The Project ” The Logistic Centre to Support the Transfrontier interests” to the sum of 42500 Euro, aiming to consolidate the economical and social cohesion in Caracal and Montana.
      • -The Project ” The unknown North - West” with the mayoralty from Montana- Bulgary, to the total sum of 125000 Euro aiming to develop business transfrontier activities.
    • Made by:
      • “ Gheorghe Magheru” School, Caracal, Olt, Romania