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Science, Systems and Society: An Integrated Education in Nuclear Science and Engineering

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Richard Lester Presentation 2014 Council meeting.

Richard Lester Presentation 2014 Council meeting.

Published in Technology
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  • 1. Science, Systems and Society: An Integrated Education in Nuclear Science and Engineering Professor Richard K. Lester Head, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology 69th Annual Meeting of the ORAU Council of Sponsoring Institutions Oak Ridge, Tennessee March 5-6, 2014
  • 2. Decomposition of U.S. CO2 emissions reductions, 2005-12 2013 Economic Report of the President, p. 196
  • 3. CO2 emissions and GDP per capita CO2  emissions  and  GDP  per  capita  (1980-­‐2005) USA France J apan China Brazil Ireland S.  Korea India Australia Russia Canada Saudi  Arabia Norway 0 5 10 15 20 25 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 GDP  per  capita  (PPP,  constant  2005  international  $) CO2  emissions  per  capita  (tCO2) US A UK France J apan China Brazil Ireland Mexico Malaysia S .  Korea Greece India Australia Russia Thailand Canada Germany S audi  Arabia Iran Venezuela Nigeria Algeria Norway Source: DOE EIA database (2008) Russia data 1992-2005, Germany data 1991-2005 S. Koonin, “America’s Changing Energy Future”, August 2013
  • 4. CO2 emissions and GDP per capita CO2  emissions  and  GDP  per  capita  (1980-­‐2005) USA France J apan China Brazil Ireland S.  Korea India Australia Russia Canada Saudi  Arabia Norway 0 5 10 15 20 25 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 GDP  per  capita  (PPP,  constant  2005  international  $) CO2  emissions  per  capita  (tCO2) US A UK France J apan China Brazil Ireland Mexico Malaysia S .  Korea Greece India Australia Russia Thailand Canada Germany S audi  Arabia Iran Venezuela Nigeria Algeria Norway Source: DOE EIA database (2008) Russia data 1992-2005, Germany data 1991-2005 S. Koonin, “America’s Changing Energy Future”, August 2013
  • 5. CO2 emissions and GDP per capita CO2  emissions  and  GDP  per  capita  (1980-­‐2005) USA France J apan China Brazil Ireland S.  Korea India Australia Russia Canada Saudi  Arabia Norway 0 5 10 15 20 25 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 GDP  per  capita  (PPP,  constant  2005  international  $) CO2  emissions  per  capita  (tCO2) US A UK France J apan China Brazil Ireland Mexico Malaysia S .  Korea Greece India Australia Russia Thailand Canada Germany S audi  Arabia Iran Venezuela Nigeria Algeria Norway Source: DOE EIA database (2008) Russia data 1992-2005, Germany data 1991-2005 S. Koonin, “America’s Changing Energy Future”, August 2013 Today
  • 6. CO2 emissions and GDP per capita CO2  emissions  and  GDP  per  capita  (1980-­‐2005) USA France J apan China Brazil Ireland S.  Korea India Australia Russia Canada Saudi  Arabia Norway 0 5 10 15 20 25 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 GDP  per  capita  (PPP,  constant  2005  international  $) CO2  emissions  per  capita  (tCO2) US A UK France J apan China Brazil Ireland Mexico Malaysia S .  Korea Greece India Australia Russia Thailand Canada Germany S audi  Arabia Iran Venezuela Nigeria Algeria Norway Source: DOE EIA database (2008) Russia data 1992-2005, Germany data 1991-2005 S. Koonin, “America’s Changing Energy Future”, August 2013 Today Average emissions in 2050 (ΔT<~2°C) Average emissions in 2050 (ΔT~3°C)
  • 7. *Assumes economic growth rate of 2%/yr per capita, 2010-2050
  • 8. Mechanical Engineering Sept. 09
  • 9. 11/20/13  
  • 10. CO2 emissions and GDP per capita CO2  emissions  and  GDP  per  capita  (1980-­‐2005) USA France J apan China Brazil Ireland S.  Korea India Australia Russia Canada Saudi  Arabia Norway 0 5 10 15 20 25 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 GDP  per  capita  (PPP,  constant  2005  international  $) CO2  emissions  per  capita  (tCO2) US A UK France J apan China Brazil Ireland Mexico Malaysia S .  Korea Greece India Australia Russia Thailand Canada Germany S audi  Arabia Iran Venezuela Nigeria Algeria Norway Source: DOE EIA database (2008) Russia data 1992-2005, Germany data 1991-2005 S. Koonin, “America’s Changing Energy Future”, August 2013
  • 11. * For nuclear, the 11-year period of most rapid scale-up; for solar and wind, the most recent 11-year period. Scale-up of low-carbon electricity (added MWh/year per person)