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Success Factors for High Impact National Laboratory Technology Transfer

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Presented at the 68th Annual Meeting of the ORAU Council of Sponsoring Institutions on March 7, 2013, by Mike Paulus, director of Technology Transfer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Presented at the 68th Annual Meeting of the ORAU Council of Sponsoring Institutions on March 7, 2013, by Mike Paulus, director of Technology Transfer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

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  • 1. Success Factorsfor High ImpactNational LaboratoryTechnology TransferMichael J. PaulusDirector of Technology TransferMarch 6, 2013
  • 2. Oak Ridge National Laboratory evolved from the Manhattan Project The Clinton Pile was the world’s first Chemical processing techniques continuously operated nuclear reactor were developed to separate plutonium from irradiated fuel2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 3. Following World War II, the Manhattan Project facilities evolved into the national laboratories Argonne Brookhaven Ames Lawrence Berkeley President Harry Truman signing the Atomic Energy Act on August 1, 1946 Oak Ridge Los Alamos • Capitalize on the extraordinary scientific and technical capabilities assembled for the war effort • Continue nuclear R&D with a focus on peaceful use • Focus on big science: unclassified fundamental research on a scale beyond the reach of a single university or industry3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 4. After World War II, the national laboratories made significant contributionsTypically the result of sustained goal-driven programs Materials Science National Biomedical defense research Nuclear medicine Nuclear Ion power implantation4 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 5. The nation’s post-war momentum began to fade in the late 1970s5 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 6. "A wealth of scientific talent at American colleges and universities – talent responsible for the development of numerous innovative scientific breakthroughs each year – is going to waste as a result of bureaucratic red tape and illogical government regulations..." — Senator Birch Bayh6 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 7. This proposed legislation is one of the most radical, far-reaching and blatant giveaways that I have seen in the many years that I have been a member of the United States Senate. — Senator Russell Long7 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 8. In November, 1980, Senator Dan Quayle defeated Senator Bayh in a national Republican landslide8 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 9. On December 12, 1980, a lame duck president signed a bill from a lame duck congress sponsored by a defeated senator. “Possibly the most inspired piece of legislation to be enacted in America over the past half-century was the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980.” The Economist9 Managed by UT-Battelle December 12, 2002 for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 10. Bayh-Dole Act 1980 • Created uniform federal intellectual property policy • Nonprofits and small business could elect title to inventions that were created in whole or in part with federal funding • However, universities and labs would have to agree to a set of due-diligence requirements10 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 11. Today technology transfer is an important part of the mission of DOE laboratories ―[Technology transfer] is an important part of what we do… It is part of the reason why we are being funded… And now, more than ever, we think that scientists… need to come to the aid of our country.‖ – Steven Chu Secretary of Energy11 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 12. We have 4 mechanisms to execute this mission Cooperative R&D Technology User Work for Others Agreements licenses facilities Active Active Active copyright Active NF-WFO 2012 2012 User CRADAs patent licenses licenses agreements inventions Facility users 720 1,261 2,187 2,273 1,820 22,66412 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 13. ACT mechanism (in development): Greater flexibility for technology transfer Government-owned Contractor-operated The national labs Management The Department of Energy are the property of the and Operations contracts with the private sector for the U.S. Department of Energy (M&O) management and operation of the labs contract New contract provisions New contractor options • Preservation of legislatively mandated minimal risk position • Negotiable payment terms for the Government • Authority to guarantee performance • Opportunity for contractors • Negotiable indemnity to engage more effectively • Commercial contract terms with industry • Negotiable IP terms13 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 14. Recent CRADA partners Trane CDQ (Cool, Dry, Quiet)TM General Electric GeoSpringTM rooftop unit heat pump water heater — High latent capacity (low — 60% energy savings sensible heat ratio) without vs. electric storage wasteful overcooling and water heater reheat [uses condenser waste heat to regenerate hybrid-cycle desiccant] ClimateMaster TrilogyTM Southwest Gas NextAireTM ground-source gas engine-driven heat pump integrated heat pump — 85% reduction in peak — 60% energy savings period electric demand on space conditioning vs. conventional air and water heating vs. conditioning conventional equipment14 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 15. Recent start-up licensees • LED North America • Hubble Telemedical15 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 16. National lab tech transfer success factors Game-changing solutions Capable private to important problems sector partners Success factors Intellectual property Sustained protection engagement Senior leadership commitment16 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 17. Help from the “crowd” Internal External • High impact innovation program • Web portals – royalty funded • Technology forums and • Recognition showcases • Royalty sharing • Technology-specific seminars • Embedded ―prospectors‖17 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 18. National laboratories: A national resource for innovation and economic growth18 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 19. Boneyard/back stories19 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 20. How ORNL has used partnering mechanisms to transfer technology Technology Work User Collaboration licenses for hire facilities • Cooperative • AquaSentinel: • Advancing Li-ion • Jaguar simulations R&D Agreements SecureWaters battery technology to accelerate to develop solar • LandScan through WFO development of technology distribution: agreement with Under Tray system – Ampulse East View Dow Kokam for improving diesel – Ferro fuel efficiency • Electrochemical – Global Solar strain microscopy: – Mossey Creek Asylum Research Enterprises • Graphite foam: Multiple licenses • Superhydrophobic coatings: Velox Flow, LLC20 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 21. National laboratory technology transfer professionals fill many roles Ambassador Negotiator Integrator Salesperson Coach Expert Relationship Marketer technologist manager Patent law expert21 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 22. National laboratories invest in finding and developing capable partners • Collaborating with companies • Providing support of all sizes for aspiring entrepreneurs – Startups: LED North America, – Outreach events Hubble, Agile – State and regional economic – Midsize: AB Sciex, DNP Green development initiatives – Large: GE, Caterpillar – Entrepreneurial leave22 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 23. Sustained engagement leads to innovative solutions23 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 24. ORNL is DOE’s largest science and energy laboratory Nation’s 3,000 $500M largest $1.65B 4,400 research modernization materials budget employees guests investment research annually portfolio Most World’s Managing powerful open World-class Nation’s most intense billion-dollar scientific research most diverse neutron U.S. ITER computing reactor energy portfolio source project facility24 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 25. Integrating and applying our capabilities: Infrared processing Characterization Processing Production Conventional HT Final product: Machined 10 nm impellers for diesel turbo- Infrared HT chargers Research finding: Finer precipitate distribution leads to improved fatigue life Full-scale production: Infrared furnace operating Atom probe results: Larger Preheating at Queen City Forging Company, volume fraction of nanosize of aluminum Cincinnati Al2CuMg precipitates in billets infrared heated forgings Concept Product25 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204
  • 26. CF8C-Plus cast stainless steel: Advanced materials for industry DOE Office of Science DOE-EERE Industry • Microstructural evolution • Superalloy performance • Caterpillar regeneration in irradiated stainless at a stainless steel price system burner housings steels provided keys to (5–7 times less) on diesel trucks: alloy compositional design • 18 months from lab – 500+ tons cast • Creep resistant at to commercial heats – 10,000+ parts in service; 600–900ºC, high ductility no reported failures • 2007 ASTM approval since 2006 and fatigue resistance • Being qualified for turbocharger housings Standard CF8C CF8C-PLUS • ARRA project to accelerate deployment for new energy- relevant applications Creep tested Creep tested 850 C/500 h 850 C/23,000 h (TEM, as cast)26 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Grad Edu_1204