Conducting R&D in the 21st
Century, the Advanced Test
Reactor
National Scientific User
Facility Model
Todd Allen
Deputy La...
Possible Structure to Support Innovation in
National Energy Programs
Enduring
Programs
Direct
input
Filter
Competed
Progra...
Twentieth Century Research & Development
3
Technology
Facility Idea
Skill
1
As seen in creation of National Laboratories
Twenty-First Century Research & Development
4
User
Facilities Idea
Technology
Skill
1
Skill
2
As seen today in the energy ...
How to Catch a Fish
March 2014
Todd Allen
Deputy Laboratory Director
for Science and Technology
Catching a Fish in The Early Days:
6
• Inefficient Process
• Requires trying many different fish
• Expert base process
Edi...
Catching A Fish in The 21st Century:
Science-base Approach
7
• Use modern computational tools to limit the
number of exper...
http://www-phys.llnl.gov/Research/Metals_Alloys/Methods/
Multiscale Modeling
Multiscale Modeling
http://www-phys.llnl.gov/Research/Metals_Alloys/Methods/
Bottoms Up Approach
• Start by building a fish model from the atomic level
• Once the fish is understood, then model the r...
Top Down Approach
• Start with a system level model
• Focus on most important variables (e.g., man
and beer) and drive to ...
Top Down Approach-Advantages
• Allows for eliminating things that aren’t relevant
12
Local Conditions
Fish Availability
St...
Organizing The Advanced Fishing Modeling Team
13
FDU
Example: Conducting R&D
Simulation
Domain
Expertise
Collaboration
Internal Facility
External Facility
Characterization
Tes...
What are User Facilities?
There are currently 48 DOE user facilities in the U.S.
– Advanced scientific computing research
...
______________
Meeting Nuclear Research Needs
To perform the research required to
support nuclear energy development
requi...
Initial Vision for ATR NSUF
Advanced Test Reactor INL Post Irradiation Examination (PIE)
Facilities Materials & Fuels Comp...
Expanding the User Facility Scope
Because test reactor space and capability
for examining radioactive materials are
limite...
ATR National Scientific User Facility
Test reactors and
critical facilities (ATR,
ATRC, HFIR, MITR,
PULSTAR)
Examination f...
ATR National Scientific User Facility
Prototyping the Laboratory of the Future
Discovery through Collaboration
Support thr...
MOOSE: M&S Capability
21
Example: A Hub for Nuclear Fuel R&D
Simulation
Domain
Expertise
Collaboration
ATR National
Scientific User
Facility
Other ...
Happy Fishing Researchers
23
24
The National Nuclear Laboratory
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Conducting R&D in the 21st Century, the Advanced Test Reactor
National Scientific User Facility Model

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Conducting R&D in the 21st Century, the Advanced Test Reactor
National Scientific User Facility Model

  1. 1. Conducting R&D in the 21st Century, the Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility Model Todd Allen Deputy Laboratory Director for Science and Technology March 2014
  2. 2. Possible Structure to Support Innovation in National Energy Programs Enduring Programs Direct input Filter Competed Programs
  3. 3. Twentieth Century Research & Development 3 Technology Facility Idea Skill 1 As seen in creation of National Laboratories
  4. 4. Twenty-First Century Research & Development 4 User Facilities Idea Technology Skill 1 Skill 2 As seen today in the energy innovation hubs, Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs), and National User Facilities. Distributed Capability Information Technology
  5. 5. How to Catch a Fish March 2014 Todd Allen Deputy Laboratory Director for Science and Technology
  6. 6. Catching a Fish in The Early Days: 6 • Inefficient Process • Requires trying many different fish • Expert base process Edisonian Approach
  7. 7. Catching A Fish in The 21st Century: Science-base Approach 7 • Use modern computational tools to limit the number of experiments • Model is a complex engineering problem and includes fish property definition, fish culinary desires, fluid flow, angler arm action, actions of other fishermen, etc. • Models need validation
  8. 8. http://www-phys.llnl.gov/Research/Metals_Alloys/Methods/ Multiscale Modeling
  9. 9. Multiscale Modeling http://www-phys.llnl.gov/Research/Metals_Alloys/Methods/
  10. 10. Bottoms Up Approach • Start by building a fish model from the atomic level • Once the fish is understood, then model the river • Move up to understanding the system of fish, stream, man, and beer • Eventually would have perfect understanding but very time consuming to finish the exercise and the fishing funding agency might lose interest 10
  11. 11. Top Down Approach • Start with a system level model • Focus on most important variables (e.g., man and beer) and drive to limit uncertainty using modeling and measurement tools as necessary • Continuous improvement in system model improves the fishing 11
  12. 12. Top Down Approach-Advantages • Allows for eliminating things that aren’t relevant 12 Local Conditions Fish Availability Stupid people between you and some immobile fish Disposition of the fishermen
  13. 13. Organizing The Advanced Fishing Modeling Team 13 FDU
  14. 14. Example: Conducting R&D Simulation Domain Expertise Collaboration Internal Facility External Facility Characterization Testing Fabrication Databases & Documentation Smart Search Engines Data Reduction Software Access by DOE Laboratories, Universities, Industry, NRC VALIDATIONOFM&STOOLS National Knowledge Center International Data Centers Measurement
  15. 15. What are User Facilities? There are currently 48 DOE user facilities in the U.S. – Advanced scientific computing research – High flux synchrotron and neutron sources – Electron beam characterization – Nano-scale science – Biological and environmental research – High energy and nuclear physics – Fusion energy science ……But before 2007 there were no user facilities to address the unique challenges of nuclear energy! Advanced Photon Source (ANL) Spallation Neutron Source (ORNL) Regional, national or international facilities with unique experimental capabilities. Access is typically cost free through a competitive proposal process. The goal is to connect good ideas with the capability regardless of geographical separation
  16. 16. ______________ Meeting Nuclear Research Needs To perform the research required to support nuclear energy development requires specialized (expensive) and increasingly rare capabilities – High flux reactors – Hot cells – Support infrastructure (shipping casks, test fabrication, etc.) But also intellectual capital – Universities – Nuclear industry – Innovative small businesses – National laboratories The ATR National Scientific User Facility merges the national nuclear research infrastructure with intellectual capital to pair the best ideas with needed capability
  17. 17. Initial Vision for ATR NSUF Advanced Test Reactor INL Post Irradiation Examination (PIE) Facilities Materials & Fuels Complex (MFC) Allow the research community access to test reactor space and existing post irradiation examination facilities
  18. 18. Expanding the User Facility Scope Because test reactor space and capability for examining radioactive materials are limited at INL, a network of capability across the U.S. has been added to the ATR NSUF that includes both national laboratory and university capability
  19. 19. ATR National Scientific User Facility Test reactors and critical facilities (ATR, ATRC, HFIR, MITR, PULSTAR) Examination facilities (INL MFC, NCSU, ORNL, PNNL, UC Berkeley, Michigan, Purdue, UNLV, IIT, Wisconsin) Other National User Facilities (APS, SHaRE, NIST, LANSCE) An active and engaged user community Provides the nuclear energy research community access to the capability required to conduct cutting edge research and development
  20. 20. ATR National Scientific User Facility Prototyping the Laboratory of the Future Discovery through Collaboration Support through Infrastructure Development through Learning Capability through Partnerships 20
  21. 21. MOOSE: M&S Capability 21
  22. 22. Example: A Hub for Nuclear Fuel R&D Simulation Domain Expertise Collaboration ATR National Scientific User Facility Other Scientific User Facility Characterization Out-of-Pile Testing Irradiation Testing Post-Irradiation Examination (PIE) Fuel Fabrication Databases & Documentation Smart Search Engines Data Reduction Software Access by DOE Laboratories, Universities, Industry, NRC VALIDATIONOFM&STOOLS National Knowledge Center International Data Centers Measurement
  23. 23. Happy Fishing Researchers 23
  24. 24. 24 The National Nuclear Laboratory

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